The effectiveness of Mendong plant (Fimbrystilis globulosa) as a phytoremediator of soil contaminated with chromium of industrial waste




bioremediation, chromium, Fimbrystilis globulosa, phytoremediation, rhizoremediation


The textile industry produces sideline output in the form of dangerous waste. The textile industrial waste containing heavy metal, one of which is Chromium (Cr).  Chromium is very dangerous metal for environment, especially chromium hexavalent that has properties of soluble, carcinogenic, and toxic. The pollution of chromium in soil is a problem that the action to be taken with the technology of bioremediation. Phytoremediation of soil contaminated with chromium using Mendong plant (Fimbrystilis globulosa), combined with association of microorganisms Agrobacterium sp I3 and compost. This study was conducted in field experiment plots using a completely randomized block design. Data were analyzed using Anova followed by Duncan and correlation tests. The results showed that the Mendong plant was an effective phytoremediator of soil contaminated with chromium and it can be used as a chromium accumulator plant. The highest decrease of soil chromium content of 58.39% was observed on the combined artificial fertilizer, Agrobacterium sp I3 and Mendong plant treatment (P1B1T1). Removal effectiveness of chromium at the treatments using Mendong plant was higher than without the Mendong plant. Chromium uptake in shoots was higher than in roots of Mendong plant. Bioremediation increased the total bacterial colonies, decreased soil pH, and increased cation exchange capacity of the soil. The growth of the Mendong plant was in a good condition during the process of bioremediation.

Author Biographies

Pungky Ferina, Sebelas Maret University

Assistant Lecturer

Retno Rosariastuti, Sebelas Maret University


S Supriyadi, Sebelas Maret University



Baker, A.J.M., Reeves, R.D., and Hajar, A.S.M. 1994. Heavy metal accumulation and tolerance in british population of the metallophyte Thlaspi caerulescens and Brassicaceae. New Phytologist Trust 127 : 61-68

Hanafiah., Sabrina T., dan Guchi H. 2009. Biologi dan Ekologi Tanah. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan.

Kamaludeen, S.P., Arunkumar, K.R., Avudainayagam, S. and Ramasamy, K. 2003. Bioremediation of chromium contaminated environments. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 41 (9) : 972-985.

Ministry of Environment Indonesia. 2010. Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup. Himpunan Peraturan Lingkungan Hidup. Ekojaya : Jakarta

Pramono, A., Irfan, D., Ngadiman., Rosariastuti, R. 2013. Bacterial Cr (VI) reduction and its impact. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan 11 (2) : 120-131.

Rosariastuti, R., Prijambada, I.D., Ngadiman., Prawidyarini, G.S., and Putri, A.R. 2013. Isolation and identification of plant growth promoting and chromium uptake enhancing bacteria from soil contaminated by leather tanning industrial waste. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 9 : 243-251.

Sontang, E. 2004. Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Jakarta : Jambatan

U.S. Department of Health and Human Service. 2012. Toxicological Profile for Chromium. http :// Accessed on 03 January 2017.

Widyastuti, E., Rosariastuti, R. and Syamsiyah, J. 2003. Pengaruh macam bahan organik terhadap kelarutan dan kadar Cr tanaman jagung (Zea mays L) di tanah Entisol yang tercemar limbah cair industri tekstil batik. Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Lingkungan

Yunilda, A. 2008. Ilmu Tanah. Jakarta : Gramedia








How to Cite

Ferina, P., Rosariastuti, R., & Supriyadi, S. (2017). The effectiveness of Mendong plant (Fimbrystilis globulosa) as a phytoremediator of soil contaminated with chromium of industrial waste. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 4(4), 899–905.



Research Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)