The use of pineapple liquid waste and cow dung compost to improve the availability of soil N, P, and K and growth of pineapple plant in an Ultisol of Central Lampung


  • Winih Sekaringtyas Ramadhani
  • Yulia Nuraini Brawijaya University



cow dung compost, pineapple liquid waste, Ultisol


A study that was aimed to elucidate the effect of adding pineapple liquid waste and cow dung compost in increasing the availability of soil N, P, K, contents of N, P, K in pineapple leaves and growth of pineapple plant in an Ultisol was conducted in Central Lampung. The study consisted of two steps, i.e. incubation of pineapple liquid waste with cow dung compost in the soil, and planting pineapple by adding pineapple liquid waste and cow dung compost. Treatments tested in experiment 1 (laboratory incubation experiment) were combinations of pineapple liquid waste (L) and cow dung compost (K). Changes of soil chemical characteristics were observed at 15, 30, 45, and 60 days. Three best treatments of experiment 1 were selected for the experiment 2 (plant growth experiment in a glasshouse). Two control treatments were included in experiment 2. N, P, and K contents in pineapple leaves as well as and pineapple root length were observed at 30 and 60 days. Results of the first experiment showed that addition of pineapple liquid waste and cow dung compost significantly increased soil pH, availability of soil N, P, and K compared to controls at 15, 30, 45, and 60 days. Addition of 20 t cow dung compost/ha and 20,000 L pineapple liquid waste/ha (K3L3 treatment) resulted in higher values of soil pH, total N, available P, and available K than the control. Results of the second experiment showed that the addition of pineapple liquid waste and cow dung compost gave no significant effect on the growth of pineapple plant, but the addition of 20 t cow dung compost/ha and 10,000 L pineapple liquid waste/ha (K3L2 treatment) gave optimum growth compared to other treatments at 60 days. The  K3L2 treatment also had higher pineapple leaf nutrient content, compared to control.


Abdullah, A. and Mat, H. 2008. Characterization of Solid and Liquid Pineapple waste. Reaktor 12 (1): 48-52.

Abegunrin, T.P, Awe, G.O. and Ateniola, K.O. 2016. Soil amendment for vegetable production: an example with cow dung and eggplant (Solanum melongena). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 5 (8): 901-915.

Bakri, M.M., Anas. I., Sugiyanta and Idris. K. 2010. Application of inorganic fertilizer and organic biofertilizers in SRI (System of Rice Intensification) rice cultivation. Jurnal Tanah dan Lingkungan 12 (20): 25-32 (in Indonesian).

Boulter, J.I., Boland. G.J. and Trevors, J.T. 2000. Compost : A Study of the development process and end-product potential for suppression of turfgrass disease. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 16: 115-134.

Bustami, B., Sufardi, S. and Bakhtiar, B. 2012. Nutrient uptake and phosphate fertilization efficiency and growth of local rice varieties. Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan 1(2): 159-170 (in Indonesian).

Chaudhuri, P.S., Paul, T.K., Dey, A., Datta, M. and Dey, S.K. 2016. Effects of rubber leaf litter vermicompost on earthworm population and yield of pineapple (Ananas comosus) in West Tripura, India. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste Agriculture 5(2): 93-103.

Dacera, D.D.M. and Babel, S. 2007. Heavy metals removal from contaminated sewage sludge by naturally fermented raw liquid from pineapple waste. Water Science and Technology 56(7): 145-152.

Dacera, D.D.M., Babel, S.and Parkpian, P. 2009. Potential for land application of contaminated sewage sludge treated with fermented liquid from pineapple wastes. Journal of Hazardous Materials 167: 866-872.

Davis, D.P. and Mack, T.P. 1991. Relations between leaf area inde and growth characteristics of florunner southern runner and sunrunner peanut. Peanut Science 18:30-37.

Dey, A., Nath. S. and Chaudhuri, S. 2012. Impact of monoculture (rubber and pineapple) practices on the community characteristics of earthworms in West Tripura (India). Journal NeBIO 3 (1): 53-58.

Dhalimi, A. 2003. Effect of type and area of fertilizer laying on the growth of cashew plants (Anacardium occidentale) in El-Nino and normal years. Jurnal Agromet 17 91-2): 40-49 (in Indonesian).

Ermadani, E. and Muzar, A. 2011. The effect of the application of liquid waste of palm oil mill to the result of soybeans and changes in chemical properties of an Ultisol. Jurnal Agronomi. Indonesia 39 (3): 160-167 (in Indonesian).

Estianty, L.M., Suwardi., Yuliana, I., Dewi, F. and Suherman, D. 2005. Effect of zeolites on nutrient element deficiency in soil. Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia 5(1): 37-44 (in Indonesian).

Fitriatin, B.N., Yuniarti, A., Turmuktini, T. and Ruswandi, F.K. 2014. The effect of phosphate solubilizing microbe producing growth regulators on soil phosphate, growth and yield of maize and fertilizer efficiency on Ultisol. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 3: 101-107.

Hadiyati, S. and Indriyani, N.L.P. 2008. Pineapple Cultivation Technical Instructions. Tropical Fruit Research Institute, Solok West Sumatra, page 3 (in Indonesian).

Hanafiah, A.K. 2014. Basics of Soil Science. PT. Rajagrafindo Persada, Jakarta (in Indonesian).

Hardjowigeno, S. 2015. Soil Science. Akademika Pressindo. Jakarta (in Indonesian).

Khan, M.S., Zaidi, A. and Ahmad, E. 2014. Mechanism of Phosphate Solubilization and Physiological Functions of Phosphate-Solubilizing Microorganisms. Edision of Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms. Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, India. pp: 31-62.

Nuryati, L., Noviati, Susanti, A.A. and Suwandi. 2016. Outlook: Horticultural Subsector of Agriculture Commodities: Pineapple. Data Center and Agriculture Information System. General Secretariate, Ministry of Agriculture. Page: 14.

Ogbomo, L. and Osaigbovo, A.U. 2017. Influence of plant population and cattle manure application on productivity and profitability of early maturing maize (Zea mays L.) in humid ultisol. Journal of Organic Agriculture and Environment 5(1): 15-22.

Prasetyo, M. and Suriadikarta, M. 2006. Characteristics, potentials and technology for the development of land management on Ultisol dryland agriculture in Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 25 (2): 39-47 (in Indonesian).

Rahman, K.M.A. and Zhang, D. 2018. Effects of fertilizer broadcasting on the excessive use of inorganic fertilizers and environmental sustainability. Journal of Sustainability 10 (759): 2-15.

Rao, N.S.S. 1994. Soil Microorganisms and Plant Growth.UI-press. Salemba Jakarta. 353 p.

Rosmarkam, A. and Yuwono. N.W. 2002. Science of Soil Fertility. Yogyakarta, Kanisius (in Indonesian).

Safuan, L.O. 2007. Formulation of Recommendations Fertilization of N, P and K at Pineapple Plant (Ananas comosus (L) Merr.) Smooth Cayenne Based on Soil Nutrients. Disertasi. Institut Pertanian Bogor (in Indonesian).

Sanni, K.O. 2016. Effect of compost, cow dung and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer on growth and yield performance of amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus). International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research 2(3): 76-82.

Sharma, S.B., Zayyed, R.Z. and Trivedi, M.H. 2013. Phosphate solubilizing microbes: sustainable approach for managing phosphorus deficiency in agricultural soil. Springerplus 2(1) : 2-14.

Simanungkalit, R.D.M., Suriadikarta, D.A., Saraswati, R., Setyorini, D. and Hartatik, W. 2012. Organic Fertilizer and Biofertilizer. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Indonesia. pp 141-158 (in Indonesian).

Sitorus, U.K.P., Siagian, B. and Rahmawati, N. 2014. The response of growth of cocoa seedlings (Theobroma cacao L) against the giving of boilers ash and urea fertilizers in a nursery. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi 2(30: 1021-1029 (in Indonesian).

Widiarti, B.N., Wardhini, W.K. and Sarwono, E. 2015. Effect of C:N ratio of raw material on composting from cabbage and banana peels. Jurnal Integrasi Proses 5(2): 65-80 (In Indonesian).

Zakaria, Z.A., Zakaria, Z., Surif, S. and Ahmad, W.A. 2007. Biological detoxification of Cr(VI) using wood-hush immobilized Acinetobacter haemolyticus. Journal of Hazardous Materials 148: 164-171.








How to Cite

Ramadhani, W. S., & Nuraini, Y. (2018). The use of pineapple liquid waste and cow dung compost to improve the availability of soil N, P, and K and growth of pineapple plant in an Ultisol of Central Lampung. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 6(1), 1457–1465.



Research Article