Ultisol optimization strategy: the use of Tithonia compost and rice husk biochar to improve nodulation and promote soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril) growth


  • Ardiyaningsih Puji Lestari Agricultural Science Study Program, Doctoral Program, Postgraduate, University of Jambi, Jl. H.A. Manap, Telanaipura, Jambi 36122, Indonesia
  • Zukkarnain Zulkarnain Department of Agroecotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jambi, Jalan Raya Jambi-Muara Bulian Km 15, Mendalo Indah, Muaro Jambi 36361, Indonesia
  • Adriani Adriani Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Jambi, Jalan Raya Jambi-Muara Bulian Km 15, Mendalo Indah, Muaro Jambi 36361, Indonesia
  • Mapegau Mapegau Department of Agroecotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jambi, Jalan Raya Jambi-Muara Bulian Km 15, Mendalo Indah, Muaro Jambi 36361, Indonesia
  • Eliyanti Eliyanti Department of Agroecotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jambi, Jalan Raya Jambi-Muara Bulian Km 15, Mendalo Indah, Muaro Jambi 36361, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Riduan Department of Agroecotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jambi, Jalan Raya Jambi-Muara Bulian Km 15, Mendalo Indah, Muaro Jambi 36361, Indonesia




carbon-rich charcoal, fabaceae, legume, organic fertilizer, soil ameliorant


This study aimed to investigate the optimization of Ultisol soil using biochar and compost to increase nodule formation and performance of soybeans. The trial was conducted at the Research and Teaching Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jambi, for six months from April through to October 2021. Three levels of compost (5 t ha-1, 10 t ha-1, and 15 t ha-1) were tested in combination with three levels of biochar (5 t ha-1, 10 t ha-1, and      15 t ha-1). A completely randomized design was employed with three replications. Each experimental unit consisted of 20 plants, and 25% of the population was taken as sample plants. Results indicated that the application of soil ameliorant in the form of Tithonia compost and biochar could increase soil pH and nutrient contents and reduce C/N ratio. Tithonia compost + biochar improved Ultisol productivity as indicated by increased nodule formation and soybean growth. The combination of Tithonia compost and biochar, each of 15 t ha-1, was the best combination for the optimization of Ultisol, which produced the highest biological nitrogen fixation rate and resulted in the best soybean growth.


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How to Cite

Lestari, A. P., Zulkarnain, Z., Adriani , A., Mapegau, M., Eliyanti, E., & Riduan, A. (2024). Ultisol optimization strategy: the use of Tithonia compost and rice husk biochar to improve nodulation and promote soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril) growth. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 11(2), 5419–5427. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2024.112.5419



Research Article