Indexed By
SJR Rank

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Rainiyati Rainiyati
ORCID iD Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Jambi, Jambi-Ma Bulian Street, KM 15, Mendalo Indah, Jambi 36361
Indonesia

Ahmad Riduan
ORCID iD Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Jambi, Jambi-Ma Bulian Street, KM 15, Mendalo Indah, Jambi 36361
Indonesia

Sarah Fiebrina Heraningsih
ORCID iD Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Jambi, Jambi-Ma Bulian Street, KM 15, Mendalo Indah, Jambi 36361

Bunga Andari Mukhtasida
Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Jambi, Jambi-Ma Bulian Street, KM 15, Mendalo Indah, Jambi 36361
Indonesia

User
Author Guidelines

Visitor Statistic

Mercury removal from gold mining wastewater using palm oil fuel ash (POFA)

Rainiyati Rainiyati, Ahmad Riduan, Sarah Fiebrina Heraningsih, Bunga Andari Mukhtasida
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 3525-3531  
Viewed : 117 times

Abstract


Mercury is a harmful element that commonly accumulates in the environment through anthropogenic activities such as gold mining. This study aimed to examine the use of palm oil fuel ash (POFA) as an agricultural waste to remove mercury in gold mining wastewater. The technology applied in this study was adsorption and precipitation. POFA was first washed until neutral then mixed with gold mining effluent with time variation of 30, 60, 90 minutes. Next, precipitate it for 30 minutes. The adsorbent dose used in this study was 250 mg with 1 litre effluent. The maximum adsorption efficiency observed in this study was 96.77%. The utilization of POFA as an adsorbent reduced mercury levels in wastewater below the allowed released mercury level to the environment (0.0025 mg Hg/L). Results indicate that reducing mercury from gold mining wastewater by utilizing POFA was simple, effective, and low-cost to be implemented.


Keywords


adsorption; agricultural waste; gold mining wastewater; mercury removal; palm oil fuel ash (POFA)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alijani, H., Beyki, M.H. and Mirzababaei, S.N. 2015. Utilization of synthesized NaA and ZSM-5 nano zeolites for mercury (II) removal : kinetic, thermodynamic and isotherm study. Desalination and Water Treatment 55(7):1864-1875. doi:10.1080/19443994.2014.930799.

Attari, M., Bukhari, S., Kazemian, H. and Rohani, S. 2017. A low-cost adsorbent from coal fly ash for mercury removal from industrial wastewater. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 5(1):391-399, doi:10.1016/j.jece.2016.12.014.

Bienz, S., Bigler, L., Fox, T. and Meier, H. 2021. Spectroscopic Methods in Organic Chemistry (Foundations series). Thieme Chemistry; 3. edition (July 7, 2021), 512 pages, ISBN-13:‎ 978-3132434080

Bjørklund, G., Dadar, M., Mutter, J. and Aaseth, J. 2017. The toxicology of mercury: Current research and emerging trends. Environmental Research 159(August):545-554. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2017.08.051.

Chandara, C., Azizli, K.A.M., Ahmad, Z.A., Hashim, S.F.S. and Sakai, E. 2011. Analysis of mineralogical components of palm oil fuel ash with or without unburned carbon. Advanced Materials Research 173:7-11, doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.173.7.

Gusain, R., Kumar, N. and Sinha, S. 2020. Recent advances in carbon nanomaterial-based adsorbents for water purification. Coordination Chemistry Reviews 405:213111, doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2019.213111.

Harwood, L.M. and Claridge, T.D.W. 1996. Introduction of Organic Spectroscopy. Oxford Science Publications.

Khoramzadeh, E., Nasernejad, B. and Halladj, R. 2013. Mercury biosorption from aqueous solutions by sugarcane bagasse. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 44(2):265-268, doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2012.09.004.

Kudo, A., Fujikawa, Y., Miyahara, S., Zheng, J., Takigami, H., Sugahara, M. and Muramatsu, T. 1998. Lessons from Minamata mercury pollution, Japan-after a continuous 22 years of observation. Water Science and Technology 38(7 pt 6):187-193, doi:10.1016/S0273-1223(98)00632-5.

Marrugo-Negrete, J., Enamorado-Montes, G., Durango-Hernández, J., Pinedo-Hernández, J. and Díez, S. 2017. Removal of mercury from gold mine effluents using Limnocharis flava in constructed wetlands. Chemosphere 167:188-192, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.130.

Meena, A.K., Kadirvelu, K., Mishra, G.K., Rajagopal, C. and Nagar, P.N. 2008. Adsorptive removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by treated sawdust (Acacia arabica). Journal of Hazardous Materials 150:604-611, doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.05.030.

Minister of Environment of the Republic of Indonesia. 2004. Decree of the Minister of the Environment Concerning Wastewater Quality Standards for Gold or Coal Mining Business and/or Activities, Ministry of Environment and Forestry Decree No. 202 of 2004.

Rahmi, Fathurrahmi, Lelifajri, and Wati, F.P. 2019. Preparation of magnetic chitosan using local iron sand for mercury removal. Heliyon 5(May):e01731, doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01731.

Riduan, A., Rainiyati, R., Heraningsih, S.F. and Rainiyati, R. 2020. Palm oil fuel ash [POFA]: innovative potential applications as heavy metal removal materials in gold mining wastewater. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 497(1), doi:10.1088/1755-1315/497/1/012041.

Robles-Jimarez, H.R., Sanjuan-Navarro, L., Jornet-Martínez, N., Primaz, C.T., Teruel-Juanes, R., Molins-Legua, C., Ribes-Greus, A. and Campíns-Falcó, P. 2022. New silica-based adsorbent material from rice straw and its in-flow application to nitrate reduction in waters: process sustainability and scale-up possibilities. Science of the Total Environment 805, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150317.

Samad, K.A., Salleh, I.S.M., Zahari, M.A.K.M. and Yussof, H.W. 2019. Batch study on the removal of mercury (II) ion from industrial wastewater using activated palm oil fuel ash. Materials Today: Proceedings 17:1126-1132. doi:10.1016/j.matpr.2019.06.536.

Zainudin, N., Lee, K., Kamaruddin, A., Bhatia, S. and Mohamed, A. 2015. Study of adsorbent prepared from oil palm ash (OPA) for flue gas desulfurization. Separation and Purification Technology 45(1):50-60.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By