Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

I Nita
Brawijaya University, Malang

Academic Staff

S R Utami
Brawijaya University, Malang


Z Kusuma
Brawijaya University, Malang


Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

The effect of Al, Si and Fe contents (selective dissolution) on soil physical properties at the northern slope of Mt. Kawi

I Nita, S R Utami, Z Kusuma
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 319-326  
Viewed : 452 times


A toposequence at the northern slope of Mt. Kawi (East Java), having andic properties, were studied. Soil samples at various horizons from five profiles along the toposequence were selected for this study. Selective dissolution analyses (oxalate acid, pyrophosphate and dithionite citrate extractions) were performed to predict the amorphous materials, as reflected from the extracted Si, Al, and Fe. The contents of these three constituents were then correlated to the soil physical properties. The andic characters were indicated by low bulk density (0.43-0.88 g/cm3) and considerable amounts of Alo (1.3-4.2%) and Feo (0.6-2%), which tended to increase with depth. As a consequence, high content of total pores (>70%) and water content at pF 0, 2.54, and 4, as well as strong aggregate stability were detected (MWD of 2.4-4.5 mm and 1.4-4.5 mm, respectively, in Andisols and Non-Andisols). Water content at pF 0, 2.54, and 4, were significantly affected by respectively %Sio, % Fed, % Fep, and % Fed. However, bulk density was closely related to %Ald only.


aggregat stability; amorphous material; andic properties; bulk density; pF

Full Text:



Bartoli, F., Poulenard, A.J. and Schouller, B.E. 2007. Influence of allophane and organic matter contents on surface properties of Andosols. European Journal of Soil Science 58: 450-464.

Candan, F. and Broquen, P. 2009. Aggregate stability and related properties in NW Patagonian Andisols. Geoderma 154: 42-47.

Dixon, J. B. and Schulze, D. G. 2002. Soil mineralogy with environmental application. Soil Science Society of America Inc., Madison, USA. 866p.

Emadi, M., Bagherjenad, M., Fathi, H. and Saffari, M. 2008. Effect of land use change on selected soil physical and chemical properties in North Highland of Iran. Journal of Applied Sciences 8 (3): 496-502.

García-Rodeja, E., Nóvoa, J. C., Pontevedra, X., Martínez-Cortizas, A. and Buurman, P. 2004. Aluminium fractionation of European volcanic soils by selective dissolution techniques. Catena 56: 155-183.

Hausner, F., Bhandari, N., Pierree-Louis, A., Kubicki, J. and Strongin, D. 2009. Ferrihydrite reactivity toward carbon dioxide. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 337: 492-500.

Khan, H., Matsue, N. and Hemni, T. 2006. Adsorption of water on nanoball allophane. Clay Science 12 (2): 261–266.

Kherast, S., Al-Bakri, J. and Al-Tahhan, R. 2008. Impacts of land use/cover change on soil properties in the Mediterranean region of northwestern Jordan. Journal Land Degradation Development 19: 397-407.

Landon, J. R. 1984. Booker Soil Tropical Manual. Booker Agriculture International Ltd. 450 pp.

Levard, C., Doelsch, E., Basile-Doelsch, I., Abidin, Z., Miche, H., Masion, A., Rose, J., Borschneck, D. and Bottero, J.Y. 2012. Structure and distribution of allophanes, imogolite and proto-imogolite in volcanic soils. Geoderma 183-184: 100-108.

Liu, A., Ma, B. L. and Bomke, A. A. 2005. Effects of cover crop on soil aggregate stability, total organic carbon, and polysaccharides. Soil Science Society of America Journal 69: 2041-2048.

Mizota, C. and van Reeuwijk, L.P. 1989. Clay mineralogy and chemistry of soils formed in volcanic material in diverse climatic regions.Soil Monograph 2, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Kyushu Univ. Fukuoha, Japan. 186p.

Moldrup, P., Seiko, Y., Torben, O., Toshiko, K. and Dennis, E.R. 2003. Air permeability in undisturbed volcanic ash soils: Predictive model test and soil structure fingerprint. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67: 32-40.

Nanzyo, M. 2002. Unique properties of volcanic ash soils. Global Environmental Research 6 (2): 99-112.

Nita, I., Listyarini, E. and Kusuma, Z. 2014. Study of available moisture on toposequence of the northern slopes of Mount Kawi Malang in East Java. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan 1(2): 49-57 (in Indonesian).

Otsuka, H. and Takahara, A. 2010. Structure and properties of imogolite nano tubes and their application to polymer nano composites. In: Inorganic and Metallic Nanotubular Materials. Springer Berlin Heidelberg 117: 169-190.

Ӧzaytekin, H. H. and Karakaplan, S. 2012. Soil formation on the Karadag volcano at a semiarid environment from the Central Anatolia. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7 (15): 2283-3396.

Ӧzcan, S. and Ӧzaytekin, H. 2011. Soil formation overlying volcanic materials at Mount Erenler, Konya, Turkey. Turkey Journal Agriculture Forestry 35: 545-562.

Parfitt, R. L. 2009. Allophane and imogolite: role in soil biogeochemical processes. Clay Minerals 44: 135-155.

Pokrovski, G. S., Schott, J. Farges, F. and Hazemann, J-L. 2003. Iron (III)-silica interactions in aqueous solution: Insights from X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 67: 3559-3573.

Putra, A.N, Sudarto and Rayes, M.L. 2013. Studies on the level of soil development on toposequence of the northern slopes of Mount Kawi Malang in East Java. Jurnal Tanah 1(1) (in Indonesian).

Qafoku, N.P., Sumner,M. E. and West, L. T. 2000. Mineralogy and chemistry of some variable charge subsoils. Communication of Soil Science and Plant Analysis 31: 1051–1070.

Schipper, L. A., Baisden, W. T., Parfitt, R. L., Ross, C., Claydon, J. J. and Arnold, G. C. 2007. Large losses of C and N from soil profiles under pasture in New Zealand during the past 20 years. Global Change Biology 13: 1138-1144.

Sinha, R.S., Yamada, K.,Okamoto, M.,Ogami,A.and Ueda, K. 2003. New polylactide/layered silicate nanocomposites. 3 High performance biodegradable materials. Chemistry of Materials 15: 1456-1465.

Soil Survey Staff. 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy. 11th ed. USDA-NRCS. Washington DC. p77-96.

Tracy, S. R., Black, C. T., Roberts, J. A. and Mooney, S. J. 2013. Exploring the interacting effect of soil texture and bulk density on root system development in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Environmental and Experimental Botany 91: 38-47.

Van Rast, E., Utami,S.R. and Shamshuddin, J. 2002. Andisols on volcanic ash from Java Island, Indonesia: Physico-chemical properties and classification. Soil Science 167 (1): 68-79.

Wiskandar. 2002. Utilization of manure to improve soil physical properties in the terraced critical land area. Soil Science Socity of Indonesia, National Congress VII (in Indonesian).

Xiong, W and Peng, J. 2008. Development and characterization of ferrihydrite-modified diatomite as a phosphorus adsorbent. Water Research 42: 4869-4877.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL:

Indexed By