Indexed By
Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

C C Wati
Brawijaya University

S Prijono
Brawijaya University


Z Kusuma
Brawijaya University


Author Guidelines

SJR Rank

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Sinta Rank

Sinta Rank

Visitor Statistic

The effect of motor vehicle emission towards lead (Pb) content of rice field soil with different clay content

C C Wati, S Prijono, Z Kusuma
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 453-458  
Viewed : 1226 times


Motor vehicle gas emission contains lead (Pb) which is a hazardous and toxic substance. Agricultural land, especially rice field, which is located nearby roads passed by many motor vehicle, are susceptible to the accumulation of Pb. If Pb is permeated by plants cultivated in the rice field, it will be very hazardous for humans as they are the final consumers. Hence, it is essential to identify Pb content of rice-field soil initiated by motor vehicle gas emission. This study was aimed to identify the effects of motor vehicle density, the distance between rice-field and road, and the clay content of soil towards Pb content of soils in Blitar and Ngawi Regencies of East Java. The method used for the study was survey method managed by using three-factor nested design with three replicates. The results of this study showed that motor vehicle density and the distance of rice field to road provide significant affected the total of Pb content of soil. However, the dissemination pattern of Pb in the soil was irregular due to the factors of climate and environment. Before Pb reached soil surface, Pb was spread out in the air due to the effect of temperature, wind velocity, vehicle velocity, size of vehicle, and road density. Consequently, the location with low motor vehicle density and positioned faraway to the road had higher total rate of Pb than the location with high motor vehicle density and positioned nearby the road. Clay content affected the total rate of Pb content as much as 37%, every 1% increase of clay content increased the total rate of Pb as much as 0.08 mg/kg.


clay content; lead; motor vehicle gas emission; rice field soil

Full Text:



Alumaa, P., Steiness, E., Kirso, U. and Petersel, L. 2001. Heavy metal sorption by different stonian soil types at low equilibrium solution concentrations. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy Scienc, Chemistry 50:104 – 115

Balit Tanah. 2002. Penelitian Inventarisasi dan Pengendalian Dampak Lingkungan. Laporan Akhir. Bagian Proyek Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesuburan Tanah dan Iklim. Bogor

BPS. 2012. Perkembangan Jumlah Kendaraan Bermotor Menurut Jenis Tahun 1987-2012. Tanggal akses 12 Oktober 2014

Elfattah, A.A. and Wada, K. 1981. Adsorption of lead, copper, zinc, cobalt, and cadmium by soils that differ in cation-exchange materials. Journal of Soil Science 32 (2) : 271-283.

Fergusson, J.E. 1990. The heavy elements: Chemistry, environmental impact and health effects. Pergamon Press, Oxford.

Kurniawan, A. 2014. Populasi Kendaraan Bermotor di Indonesia Tembus 104,2 Juta Unit. 11. Tanggal akses 12 Oktober 2014

Layli, F. 2012. Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan untuk Tanaman Kakao (Theobroma cacao L.) di Kecamatan Selopuro Kabupaten Blitar. Skripsi. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial. UM. Malang

Manurung, R. 2005. Pengaruh Jarak Lahan dari Jalan Utama terhadap Kandungan Timbal (Pb) di dalam Tanah Akibat Emisi Gas Kendaraan Bermotor. Tesis. Program Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya. Malang

Parsa, K. 2001. Penentuan Kandungan Pb dan Penyebaran di Dalam Tanah Pertanian di Sekitar Jalan Raya Kemenuh, Gianyar. FMIPA Kimia. Universitas Udayana. Denpasar

Ponizovsky, A. and Mironenko E. 2001. Speciation and sorption of lead (II) in soils. In: Iskandar, I.K. and Kirkham, M.B (eds), Trace Elements in Soil: Bioavaibility, Flux, and Transfer. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, London. New York. Washington D.C.

Prasetyo, B.H. 2007. Perbedaan sifat-sifat tanah vertisol dari berbagai bahan induk. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Indonesia 9 (1):20 – 31

Rieuwerts, J.S., Thornton, I., Farago, M.E. and Ashmore, M.R. 1998. Factors influencing metal bioavaibility in soils: preliminary investigation for the development of a critical loads approach for metal. Journal of Chemical Speciation and Bioavaibility 10 (2):61 – 75

Sastrawijaya, A.T. 1991. Pencemaran Lingkungan. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta

Soehodho, S. and Taufick, E.S. 2005. Study on Celebration between Motor Vehicle Emission and Public Health Jakarta. Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta

Soepardi, G. 1983. Sifat dan Ciri Tanah. Departemen Tanah. Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor

Wahba, M.M. and Zaghloul, A.M. 2007. Adsorption characteristic of some heavy metals by some soil minerals. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 3(6):421 – 426.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL:

Indexed By