Soil characteristics pattern with the depth as affected by forest conversion to rubber plantation
This research was an attempt to study the impact of forest conversion to intensive rubber plantation on soil characteristics. We selected three landuses (forest, jungle rubber, and rubber plantation) in Bukit Duabelas and Harapan landscape, Jambi, and each repeated three times. Soil profiles were described and sampled at every 10 cm layer to 200 cm depth. Soil bulk density, pH, exchangeable basic cations content, and CEC were determined. The result showed that in three landuses, bulk density is relatively low in the upper 20 cm, but increased with depth. Clay content was lower in forest than other landuses, and increased with depth in forest and jungle rubber. In rubber plantation however, fine clay was accumulated at 60-140 cm depth. The CEC pattern with depth was in accordance to the clay content. There was no significant difference in soil pH between all landuses. In rubber plantation, soil pH was commonly higher in the surface, which probably due to liming activities. Sum of bases decreased with depth and tended to be generally lower in rubber plantation.
Allen, K., Corre,, M.D., Tjoa, A. and Veldkamp, E. 2015. Soil Nitrogen-Cycling Responses to Conversion of Lowland Forests to Oil Palm and Rubber Plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia. PLoS One 10 (7): e0133325.
Arifin, B. 2005. Supply-Chain of Natural Rubber in Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis 2(1): 1–16.
BPS. 2004. Jambi Dalam Angka Tahun 2003. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jambi, Jambi.
Bonifacio, E., Falsone, G., Simonov, G., Sokolova, T. and Tolpeshta, I. 2009. Pedogenic processes and clay transformations in bisequal soils of the Southern Taiga zone. Geoderma 149 (1-2): 66–75.
Rezaei, N., Roozitalab, M.H., and Ramezanpour, H. 2012. Effect of land use change on soil properties and clay mineralogy of forest soils developed in the Caspian Sea region of Iran. Journal of Agriculture. Science and Technology 14: 1617–1624.
Deekor, T.N., Iwara, A.I., Ogundele, F.O., Amiolemen, S.O. and Ita, A.E. 2012. Changes in soil properties under different land use covers in parts of Odukpani, Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Ecology. 3(1): 86–99.
Elliott, P.E. and Drohan, P.J. 2009. Clay accumulation and argillic-horizon development as influenced by aeolian deposition vs. local parent material on quartzite and limestone-derived alluvial fans. Geoderma 151(3-4): 98–108.
Gee, G.W. and Bauder, J.W. 1986. Particle Size Analysis. In Klute, A. (eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 1 Physical and Mineralogical Methods, 2nd edition. American Society of Agronomy, SSSA. Inc, Wisconsin, USA. pp. 383–411.
Gunal, H. and Ransom, M.D. 2006. Clay illuviation and calcium carbonate accumulation along a precipitation gradient in Kansas. Catena 68(1): 59–69.
Guillaume, T., Damris, M. and Kuzyakov, Y. 2015. Losses of soil carbon by converting tropical forest to plantations: erosion and decomposition estimated by δ 13 C. Global Change Biology 21(9): 3548–3560.
Hairiah, K., Suprayogo, D., Widianto, Berlian, Suhara, E., Mardiastuning, A., Widodo, R.H., Prayogo, C. and Rahayu, S. 2004. Alih guna lahan hutan menjadi lahan agroforestri berbasis kopi: ketebalan seresah, populasi cacing tanah dan makroporositas tanah. Agrivita 26(1): 68–80.
IUSS Working Group WRB. 2006. World reference base for soil resources 2006, 2nd ed. FAO, Rome. 145p.
Junaedi, H. 2010. Perubahan sifat fisik Ultisol akibat konversi hutan menjadi lahan pertanian. Jurnal Hidrolitan 1(2): 10–14.
Kopp, T., Alamsyah, Z., Sharah, F.R. and Brummer, B. 2014. Have Indonesian Rubber Processors Formed a Cartel?: Analysis of intertemporal marketing margin manipulation. EFForTS Discussion Paper Series No 3. University of Goettingen. Germany. 29p.
Kotowska, M.M., Leuschner, C., Triadiati, T. and Hertel, D. 2015. Conversion of tropical lowland forest reduces nutrient return through litterfall, and alters nutrient use efficiency and seasonality of net primary production. Oecologia 180(2): 601–618.
Kurniawan, S. 2016. Conversion of lowland forests to rubber and oil palm plantations changes nutrient leaching and nutrient retention efficiency in highly weathered soils of Sumatra, Indonesia. PhD Dissertation. Georg-August University Goettingen. 105p.
Mangga, S.A., Santosa, S. and Hermanto, B. 1993. Peta Geologi Lembar Jambi, Sumatera. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi, Bandung. Indonesia.
Li, H., Ma, Y. and Liu, W. 2012. Soil changes induced by rubber and tea plantation establishment : comparison with tropical rain forest soil in Xinshuangbanna, SW China. Environmental Management 50: 837–848.
Phillips, J.D. 2007. Development of texture contrast soils by a combination of bioturbation and translocation. Catena 70(1): 92–104.
Prasetyo, B. and Suriadikarta, D. 2006. Karakteristik, potensi, dan teknologi pengelolaan tanah Ultisol untuk pengembangan pertanian lahan kering di Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 25(2): 39–47.
Prijono, S. and Wahyudi, H.A. 2009. Peran agroforestry dalam mempertahankan makroporositas tanah. Primordia 5(3): 203–212.
Quénard, L., Samouëlian, A., Laroche, B. and Cornu, S. 2011. Lessivage as a major process of soil formation: A revisitation of existing data. Geoderma 167-168: 135–147.
Refliaty. and Marpaung, E.J. 2010. Kemantapan agregat Ultisol pada beberapa penggunaan lahan dan kemiringan lereng. Jurnal Hidrolitan 1(2): 35–42.
Soil Survey Staff. 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 11th edition. USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC. 370p.
Sumargo, W., Nanggara, S.G., Nainggolan, F.A. and Apriani, I. 2011. Potret Keadaan Hutan Indonesia Periode Tahun 2000-2009, 1st edition. Forest Watch Indonesia.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice