Effect of wick application of growick irrigation system on the cultivation of pakcoy in sand tailing media from post-tin mining land
A large part of post-tin mining land covered by sand tailing which has low water storage capacity, making it vulnerable to drought stress. The innovation of irrigation technology has been developed to overcome this problem such as capillary irrigation system combined with groasis system using a large reservoir with hydroponic wick system called the growick system. This study aimed to determine the best number and type of wick in growick irrigation system to water consumption and also growth and yield of pakcoy cultivated in sand tailing media. The research was conducted from February to June 2020 at Experimental field of Universitas Bangka Belitung, Indonesia. Treatments consisted of the types of wick (flannel and stove wick) and numbers of wick per polybag (1, 2, 3, and 4 wicks). The study used a completely randomized factorial design with 3 replications. Data obtained were analyzed using Analysis of Variance continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at 95% significant level. The result showed that usage of flannel wick gave the highest results of growth and yield of pakcoy but it absorbed more water than stove wick. Flannel wick also had lower water usage efficiency than stove wick. The use of single wick gave the highest result of growth and yield of pakcoy than using more wicks. Results of the study showed that single wick treatment gave the highest growth and yield of pakcoy. Flannel wick gave the highest growth and yield of pakcoy, but it was not significantly different from stove wick. Single flannel wick treatment showed no significant difference with single stove wick treatment in growth and yield of pakcoy except for water usage volume parameter. Flannel wick absorbed more water than stove wick, so it has lower water usage efficiency than stove wick. Application growick system using 1 stove wick was the best treatment for cultivating pakcoy in sand tailing media from post-tin mining land.
Aini, S.N., Santi, R., Pratama, D., Helda, E. and Sinaga, R.M. 2020. The effect of cow manure addition and drip irrigation system with different water volumes to melon plants (Cucumis melo L.) growth on tin-mining land. Jurnal Bioindustri 2(2): 453-465 (in Indonesian).
Amprin, A. and Suryanto, J. 2019. Increasing production of mustard plants (Brassica juncea L.) using capillary irrigation systems. Jurnal Agrifor. 18 (1): 55 – 62 (in Indonesian).
Anestasia, M., Afandi., Novpriansyah, H., Manik, K.E.S. and Cahyono, P. 2013. changes in water content and soil temperature due to organic mulch in pineapple plantation PT. Great Giant Pineapple Terbanggi Besar Central Lampung. Jurnal Agrotek Tropika 1(2): 213-218 (in Indonesian).
Anggraini, N., Faridah, E. and Indrioko, S. 2015. Effect of drought stress on physiological behaviour and growth of black locust seeds (Robinia pseudoacacia). Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan 9(1): 40-56 (in Indonesian).
Anjarwati, H., Waluyo, S. and Purwanti S. 2017. The effect of different kinds of media and the proportion of goat manure applications on the growth and yield of green mustard (Brassica rapa L.). Vegetalika 6 (1): 35-45 (in Indonesian).
Ardiani, S., Rahmayanti, H.D. and Akmalia N. 2019. Water capillary analysis in fabrics. Jurnal Fisika 9 (2): 47-51 (in Indonesian).
Asmarhansyah. and Hasan R. 2017. Reclamation of Post-Tin Mining Land as Agricultural Land in the Bangka Belitung Islands. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agro-innovation: Specific Locations for Food Security in the Era of Economic Society of ASEAN. 881-892 (in Indonesian).
BBSDLP (Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian). 2016. Semi-detailed Level Atlas of Post-Tin Mining Land, Province of Bangka Belitung Islands. Center for Research and Development of Agricultural Land Resources. Ministry of Agriculture (in Indonesian).
Embarsari, R.P., Taofik, A. and Qurrohman, B.F.T. 2015. The growth and yields of celery (Apium graveolens L. Dulce) on wick hydroponic system with various wick types and growing media. Jurnal Agro 2 (2): 41-48 (in Indonesian).
Felania, C. 2017. Effect of water availability on the growth of mung beans (Phaceolus radiatus). Proceedings of the National Seminar on Biology and Biology Education, Department of Biology Education, Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. 131-138 (in Indonesian).
Haryati U., Sutono S. and Subiksa I.G.M. 2019. The effect of ameliorants on soil properties improvement and cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens) yield on tin mined land. Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim. 43(2): 127-138 (in Indonesian).
Inonu, I., Pratama, D., Sari, F.I.P. and Suwardih, N.N. 2020. The effect of application of oil palm empty fruit bunch compost on production and metal uptake of eggplant in tailings of post-tin mining land. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 7(3): 2149-2154.
Manurung, Y.C., Hanafiah, A.S. and Marbun, P. 2015. Effect of soil water content to the effectiveness of arbuscular mycorrhiza on the growth and nutrient uptake of rubber stump (Hevea brassiliensis Muell. Arg.) at screen house. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi 3(2): 465-475 (in Indonesian).
Pratiwi., Santoso, E. and Turjaman, M. 2012. Determination of ameliorant compounds dosage for soil of quartzitic sandy tailing as forest seedling media. Jurnal Penelitian dan Konservasi Alam 9(2): 163-174 (in Indonesian).
Subagia, I.W.A. and Susila, I.D.M. 2016. The effect of capillary pipe diameter variation at low temperature cycle on the trainer performance of the cascade refrigeration system unit. Jurnal Logic 16 (3): 161-165 (in Indonesian).
Suryanti, S., Indradewa, D., Sudira, P. and Widada, J. 2015. Water use, water use efficiency and drought tolerance of soybean cultivars. Agritech 35(1): 114-120 (in Indonesian).
Sutono. 2012. Usage of Soil Ameliorant to Improve Soil Characteristic and Cultivation of Rice (Oryza sativa (L.) Merril) in Sand Tailings of Tin-Mining Land. Thesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor (in Indonesian).
Triana, A.N., Purnomo, R.H., Panggabean, T. and Juwita, R. Application of drip irrigation using a variety of growing media on pakcoy (Brassica rapa L.). Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian 6 (1): 92-100 (in Indonesian).
Wibowo, S. and Asriyanti, A. 2013. Application of NFT hydroponic on cultivation of pakcoy (Brassica rapa chinensis). Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan 13(3): 159-167 (in Indonesian).
Xue, R., Shen, Y. and Marschner, P. 2017. Soil water content during and after plant growth influence nutrient availability and microbial biomass. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 17(3): 702-715.
Yarda, V.R.D., Lestari, T. and Pratama, D. 2019. Application of mulch and palm oil waste as bioremediation agents in post-mining land. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 1- 6.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.