The effectiveness of cover crops on soil loss control in Gede catchment of Malang Regency, Indonesia
Cover crop is an important factor which affects soil loss. The lost of soil potential is affected by plant morphology. The aim of this study was to elaborate on the effectiveness of the type of cover crops to soil loss in the same morphology and characteristic of soil. The study was carried out by applying erosion plots. Soil loss measurements were conducted four times in each demonstration plot. Soil loss for each plot was analyzed in the laboratory. The result showed that the most erodible soil with the highest amount of soil loss was in the pre onion plot and the most effectiveness for soil loss control was carrot plot. The amounts of soil loss for carrot, cabbage, and pre-onion were 0.040991 kg/8 x 10-4ha, 0.069901 kg/8 x 10-4ha, and 0.077800 kg/8 x 10-4ha, respectively. The highest runoff of 60.554 L/8 x 10-4ha, was observed at the pre onion plot. Based on the result, the most effective cover crop for soil control was the carrot. The important parts of cover crops which influenced soil loss were the shape of shade leaves and type of roots.
Ashraf, M., Sanusi, R., Zulkifli, R., Tohiran, K.A., Moslim, R., Ashton-Butt, A. and Azhar, B. 2019. Alley-cropping system increases vegetation heterogeneity and moderates extreme microclimates in oil palm plantations. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 276-277(July): 107632, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.107632.
Dariah, A., Subagyo, H., Tafakresnanto, C. and Marwanto, S. 2002. Soil Sensitivity to Erosion. In: Soil Conservation Technology on Sloping Drylands, pages 7–30. Center for Land and Agroclimate Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia (in Indonesian).
Gholami, L., Sadeghi, S.H.R. and Homaee, M. 2016. Different effects of sheep manure conditioner on runoff and soil loss components in eroded soil. Catena 139: 99–104, doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2015.12.011.
Giacomini, J., Khamitova, G., Maponi, P., Vittori, S. and Fioretti, L. 2020. Water flow and transport in porous media for in-silico espresso coffee. International Journal of Multiphase Flow 126(May 2020), 103252, doi: 10.1016/ j.ijmultiphaseflow.2020.103252.
Glasener, K.M. 2004. Why is Soil Important? Soil Science Society of America, 2, Helping to Create Solutions from the Ground Up.
Golosov, V.N., Collins, A.L., Dobrovolskaya, N.G., Bazhenova, O.I., Ryzhov, Y.V. and Sidorchuk, A.Y. 2021. Soil loss on the arable lands of the forest-steppe and steppe zones of European Russia and Siberia during the period of intensive agriculture. Geoderma 381(August 2020): 114678, doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114678.
Hou, T., Filley, T.R., Tong, Y., Abban, B., Singh, S., Papanicolaou, A.N.T., Wacha, K.M., Wilson, C.G. and Chaubey, I. 2020. Tillage-induced surface soil roughness controls the chemistry and physics of eroded particles at early erosion stage. Soil and Tillage Research August 2020, 104807, doi: 10.1016/j.still.2020.104807.
Johansen, T.J., Thomsen, M.G., Løes, A.K. and Riley, H. 2015. Root development in potato and carrot crops - influences of soil compaction. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science 65(2): 182-192, doi: 10.1080/09064710.2014.977942.
Keesstra, S.D., Bouma, J., Wallinga, J., Tittonell, P., Smith, P., Cerdà, A., Montanarella, L., Quinton, J.N., Pachepsky, Y., Van Der Putten, W.H., Bardgett, R D., Moolenaar, S., Mol, G., Jansen, B. and Fresco, L.O. 2016. The significance of soils and soil science towards realization of the United Nations sustainable development goals. Soil 2(2): 111-128, doi: 10.5194/soil-2-111-2016.
Khokhar, K.M. 2019. Part 1 Onion Bulb Development, Chapter 4 Soil and nutrition. In: Onion An Ancient Crop and Modern Practices- A Review. Publisher: Noor Publishing, Pakistan.
Latini, A.O., Silva, D.P., Souza, F.M.L., Ferreira, M.C., Moura, M.S. and de Suarez, N.F. 2020. Reconciling coffee productivity and natural vegetation conservation in an agroecosystem landscape in Brazil. Journal for Nature Conservation 57(September), doi: 10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125902.
Li, G., Wan, L., Cui, M., Wu, B. and Zhou, J. 2019. Influence of canopy interception and rainfall kinetic energy on soil erosion under forests. Forests 10(6), doi: 10.3390/f10060509.
Liu, Y.F., Liu, Y., Shi, Z.H., López-Vicente, M. and Wu, G.L. 2020. Effectiveness of re-vegetated forest and grassland on soil erosion control in the semi-arid Loess Plateau. Catena 195(26): 104787, doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2020.104787.
Maltsev, K. and Yermolaev, O. 2020. Assessment of soil loss by water erosion in small river basins in Russia. Catena 195(June): 104726, doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2020.104726.
Martínez-Graña, A.M., Silva, P.G., Goy, J.L., Elez, J., Valdés, V. and Zazo, C. 2017. Geomorphology applied to landscape analysis for planning and management of natural spaces. Case study: Las Batuecas-S. de Francia and Quilamas natural parks, (Salamanca, Spain). Science of The Total Environment 584-585: 175-188, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.01.155.
Meliho, M., Nouira, A., Benmansour, M., Boulmane, M., Khattabi, A., Mhammdi, N. and Benkdad, A. 2019. Assessment of soil erosion rates in a Mediterranean cultivated and uncultivated soils using fallout 137Cs. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 208-209(January): 106021, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.106021.
Meylan, L., Merot, A., Gary, C. and Rapidel, B. 2013. Combining a typology and a conceptual model of cropping system to explore the diversity of relationships between ecosystem services: The case of erosion control in coffee-based agroforestry systems in Costa Rica. Agricultural Systems 118: 52-64, doi: 10.1016/j.agsy.2013.02.002.
Onda, Y., Sweeck, L., Shinano, T., Dercon, G., Yi, A.L.Z. and Kato, H. 2020. Soil and vegetation sampling during the early stage of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and the implication for the emergency preparedness for agricultural systems. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 223-224(August): 106373, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2020.106373.
Pietola, L. and Salo, T. 2000. Response of P, K, Mg and NO3- N contents of carrots to irrigation, soil compaction, and nitrogen fertilization. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland 9(4): 319-331, doi: 10.23986/afsci.5672.
Que, F., Hou, X.L., Wang, G.L., Xu, Z.S., Tan, G.F., Li, T., Wang, Y.H., Khadr, A. and Xiong, A.S. 2019. Advances in research on the carrot, an important root vegetable in the Apiaceae family. Horticulture Research 6(1), doi: 10.1038/s41438-019-0150-6.
Ramos-Scharrón, C.E. and Figueroa-Sánchez, Y. 2017. Plot-, farm-, and watershed-scale effects of coffee cultivation in runoff and sediment production in western Puerto Rico. Journal of Environmental Management 202: 126-136, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.07.020.
Sadeghi, S.H., Sadeghi, S.M., Kheirfam, H. and Zarei Darki, B. 2020. Runoff and soil loss from small plots of erosion-prone marl soil inoculated with bacteria and cyanobacteria under real conditions. European Journal of Soil Biology 101(October): 103214, doi: 10.1016/j.ejsobi.2020.103214.
Sans-Fuentes, M. and Meixner, T. 2016. The role of biodiversity in the hydrological cycle. Hydrology and Water Resources (Issue May), doi: 10.1201/b21583-20.
Scatena, F.N. and Varrin, R.D. 2010. Fluvial processes in geomorphology and environmental management: The 2006 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Earth and Environmental Science awarded to Luna B. Leopold and M. Gordon Wolman. Journal of the Franklin Institute 347(4): 688-697, doi: 10.1016/j.jfranklin.2008.04.005.
Song, Z., Seitz, S., Li, J., Goebes, P., Schmidt, K., Kühn, P., Shi, X. and Scholten, T. 2019. Tree diversity reduced soil erosion by affecting tree canopy and biological soil crust development in a subtropical forest experiment. Forest Ecology and Management 444April): 69-77, doi: 10.1016/ j.foreco.2019.04.015.
Tang, J., Han, Z., Zhong, S., Ci, E. and Wei, C. 2019. Changes in the profile characteristics of cultivated soils obtained from reconstructed farming plots undergoing agricultural intensification in a hilly mountainous region in southwest China with regard to anthropogenic pedogenesis. Catena 180(April): 132-145, doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2019.04.020.
Wang, G.L., Sun, S., Xing, G.M., Wu, X.J., Wang, F. and Xiong, A.S. 2015. Morphological characteristics, anatomical structure, and gene expression: novel insights into cytokinin accumulation during carrot growth and development. PLoS ONE 10(7): 1-16, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134166.
Wang, K., Ma, Z., Zhang, X., Ma, J., Zhang, L. and Zheng, J. 2020. Effects of vegetation on the distribution of soil water in gully edges in a semi-arid region. Catena 195(September 2019): 104719, doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2020.104719.
Wardhana, G.K. (2017). Effectiveness of Conservation Techniques in Erosion Control as a Geomorphological Approach to Watershed Management. Master thesis, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Indonesia (in Indonesian).
Whitford, G.W. and Duval, B.D. 2020. Landforms, Geomorphology, and Vegetation. Ecology of Desert Systems (second edition), 21-45. Academic Press.
Wischmeier, W.H. and Smith, D.D. 1978. Predicting Rainfall Erosion Losses: A Guide to Conservation Planning. Science and Education Administration USDA in cooperation with Purdue Agriculture Experimental Station.
Wolka, K., Biazin, B., Martinsen, V. and Mulder, J. 2020. Soil and water conservation management on hill slopes in southwest Ethiopia. I. Effects of soil bunds on surface runoff, erosion and loss of nutrients. Science of The Total Environment 142877, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142877.
Yan, Y., Zhen, H., Zhai, X., Li, J., Hu, W., Ding, C., Qi, Z., Qiao, B., Li, H., Liu, X. and Zhang, X. 2021. The role of vegetation on earth bunds in mitigating soil erosion in Mollisols region of Northeast China. Catena 196(August 2020): 104927, doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2020.104927.
Yang, T., Siddique, K.H M. and Liu, K. 2020. Cropping systems in agriculture and their impact on soil health-A review. Global Ecology and Conservation 23: e01118, doi: 0.1016/j.gecco.2020.e01118.
Zeiss, M.R. 2000. Soil health: managing the biotic component of soil quality - introduction. Applied Soil Ecology 15(1): 1-2, doi: 10.1016/S0929-1393(00)00066-4.
Zeng, Y., Fang, N. and Shi, Z. 2020. Effects of human activities on soil organic carbon redistribution at an agricultural watershed scale on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 303(June): 107112, doi: 10.1016/ j.agee.2020.107112.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.