Biomass carbon stock and water yield of teak catchments
Rehabilitation of degraded forests and lands using the vegetative method can be used to improve the environmental condition and sequestered carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, improper plant selection may create water shortage in dry season. Based on the background, the research was conducted in order to study the relationships of biomass carbon stock, evapotranspiration, and water yield of five catchments covered by various teak areas. The study was conducted in Blora Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The percentage of mature teak plantation areas in the catchments were 82, 82, 73, 70, and 53%. The biomass carbon stock in each catchment was estimated using previously published data. The water yield of the catchments was calculated from the conversion of the stream water level at the outlet of each catchment. The evapotranspiration was calculated based on a simple water budget of a catchment. The results showed that the highest carbon stock was 64 t/ha and found in Modang Catchment (82% mature teak). The lowest carbon stock was 22 t/ha and measured in Gagakan Catchment (53% mature teak). In parallel with the amount of carbon stock, the highest evapotranspiration was measured in Modang Catchment, and the lowest was found in Gagakan Catchment. The observation of water yield during 2008- 2019 showed that the higher the carbon stock in the catchments, the lower the water yield. Synergy in reducing CO2 emission and sustaining water flows can be achieved by considering land suitability for plant growth and applying water conservation in forests and lands rehabilitation.
Attarod, P., Bayramzadeh, V., Tajdini, A. and Roohnia, M. 2009. Annual trends in evapotranspiration from major vegetations of Thailand. American Journal of Plant Physiology 4(3): 100-108, doi: 10.3923/ajpp.2009.100.108.
Basuki, T.M. 2012. Quantifying Tropical Forest Biomass. Dissertation. The University of Twente.
Basuki, T.M. 2017. Water and sediment yields from two catchments with different land cover areas. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 4(4): 853-861, doi: 10.15243/jdmlm.2017.044.853.
Basuki, T.M. and Pramono, I.B. 2017. Teak Forest: Growth Site, Water Yield, and Sediment. UNS Press (in Indonesian).
Basuki, T.M. and Pramono, I.B. 2020. The Influence of teak plantation areas on water yield and peak discharge from five catchments in Blora Regency. In: IOPs Proceeding Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 533 (2020) 012010, doi:10.1088/1755-1315/533/1/012010.
Basuki, T.M., Adi, R.N. and Sukresno. 2004. Technical information of organic carbon stock in Pinus merkusii, Agathis loranthifolia stands and in soil. Prosiding Ekspose BP2TPDAS-IBB Surakarta 84-94 (in Indonesian).
Basuki, T.M., Nugrahanto, E.B., Pramono, I.B. and Wijaya, W.W. 2019. Baseflow and lowflow of catchments covered by various old teak forest areas. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 6(2): 1609-1616, doi: 10.15243/jdmlm.2019.062.1609.
Basuki, T.M., Riyanto, H.D. and Sukresno. 2008. Quantification of carbon stock in teak plantation. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam V(1): 101-106 (in Indonesian).
Basuki, T.M., Van Laake, P.E., Skidmore, A.K. and Hussin, Y.A. 2009. Forest ecology and management allometric equations for estimating the above-ground biomass in tropical lowland dipterocarp forests. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 1684-94, doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.027.
Beck, H.E., Bruijnzeel, L.A., Van Dijk, A.I.J.M., McVicar, T.R., Scatena, F.N. and Schellekens, J. 2013. The impact of forest regeneration on streamflow in 12 mesoscale humid tropical catchments. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17(7): 2613-35, doi: 10.5194/hess-17-2613-2013.
Bosquilia, R.W.D., Neale, C.M.U., Duarte, S.N., Longhi, S.J., Sde Barros Ferraz, S.F. and Muller-Karger, F.E. 2019. Evaluation of evapotranspiration variations according to soil type using multivariate statistical analysis. Geoderma 355: 1-11, doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.113906.
Brantley, S.T., Vose, J.M., Wear, D.N. and Band, L. 2017. Planning for an Uncertain Future Restoration to Mitigate Water Scarcity and Sustain Carbon Sequestration. In: Kirkman, K.L. and Jack, S.B (eds), Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests 292-309, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Bruijnzeel, L.A. 2004. Hydrological functions of tropical forests: not seeing the soil for the trees?. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 104: 185-228. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2004.01.015.
Cademus, R., Escobedo, F.J., McLaughlin, D. and Abd-Elrahman, A. 2014. Analyzing trade-offs, synergies, and drivers among timber production, carbon sequestration, and water yield in Pinus elliotii forests in Southeastern USA. Forests 5(6): 1409-1431. doi:10.3390/f5061409.
Cristiano, P.M., Campanello, P.I., Bucci, S.J., Rodríguez, S., Lezcano, O.A., Scholz, F.G., Madanes, N., di Francescantonio, D., Carrasco, L.O., Zhang, Y. and Goldstein, G. 2015. Evapotranspiration of subtropical forests and tree plantations: a comparative analysis at different temporal and spatial scales. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 203: 96-106, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.01.007.
de Barros Ferraz, S.F., de Paula Lima, W. and Rodrigues, C.B.. 2013. Managing forest plantation landscapes for water conservation. Forest Ecology and Management 301 (August): 58-66, doi:10.1016/j.foreco. 2012.10.015.
Dunne, T. and Leopold, L.B. 1978. Water in Environmental Planning. Freeman and Company, New York.
Dye, P. and Versfeld, D. 2007. Managing the hydrological impacts of South African plantation forests?: an overview. Forest Ecology and Management 251(1):121-128, doi: 10.1016/ j.foreco.2007.06.013.
Feng, X.M., Sun, G., Fu, B.J., Su, C.H., Liu, Y. and Lamparski, H. 2012. Regional effects of vegetation restoration on water yield across the loess plateau, China. Hydrology and Earth System Science 16: 2617-2628, doi:10.5194/hess-16-2617-2012.
Goetz, S.J., Hansen, M., Houghton, R.A., Walker, W., Laporte, N. and J. Busch, J. 2015. Measurement and monitoring needs, capabilities and potential for addressing reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation under REDD+. Environmental Research Letters 10(12), doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/12/123001.
González-Sanchis, M., Ruiz-Pérez, G., Del Campo, A., Garcia-Prats, A., Francés, F. and Lull, C. 2019. Managing low productive forests at catchment scale: considering water, biomass and fire risk to achieve economic feasibility. Journal of Environmental Management 231: 653-65, doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.10.078.
Houghton, R.A. 2012. Carbon emissions and the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in the tropics. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4 (6): 597-603, doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2012.06.006.
Igarashi, Y., Katul, G.G., Kumagai, T., Yoshifuji, N., Sato, T., Tanaka, N., Tanaka, K., Fujinami, H., Suzuki, M. and Tantasirin, C. 2015. Separating physical and biological controls on long-term evapotranspiration fluctuations in a tropical deciduous forest subjected to monsoonal rainfall. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 120: 1262-1278, doi:10.1002/2014JG002767.
Jackson, R.B., Jobbágy, E., Avissar, R., Roy, S.B., Barrett, D., Cook, C.W., Farley, K.A., Le Maitre, D.C., McCarl, B.A. and Murray, B.C. 2005. Trading Water for Carbon with Biological Carbon Sequestration. Science 310(5756) : 1944-1947, doi:10.1126/science.1119282.
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. 2018. Environmental and Forest Statistics. Jakarta: Ministry of Environment and Forestry, https://www.menlhk.go.id/site/download (in Indonesian).
Liu, C., Sun, G., McNulty, S.G., Noormets, A. and Fang, Y. 2017. Environmental controls on seasonal ecosystem evapotranspiration/potential evapotranspiration ratio as determined by the global eddy flux measurements. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 21(1): 311-22, doi: 10.5194/hess-21-311-2017.
Liu, W., Wu, J., Fan, H., Duan, H., Li, Q., Yuan, Y. and Zhang, H. 2017. Estimations of evapotranspiration in an age sequence of eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China. PLoS ONE 12(4): e0174208, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174208.
Munoz-Villers, L.E. and McDonnell, J.J. 2013. Land use change effects on runoff generation in a humid tropical montane cloud forest region. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17(9): 3543-3560, doi: 10.5194/hess-17-3543-2013.
Pearson, T.R.H., Brown, S., Murray, L. and Sidman, G. 2017. Greenhouse gas emissions from tropical forest degradation: an underestimated source. Carbon Balance and Management 12, Article number: 3 (2017), doi: 10.1186/s13021-017-0072-2.
Pramono, I.B., Budiastuti, M.T.S. and Gunawan, T.W. 2017. Water yield analysis on area covered by pine forest at Kedungbulus Watershed Central Java, Indonesia. International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology 7(3): 943-949.
Price, K. 2011. Effects of watershed topography, soils, land use, and climate on baseflow hydrology in humid regions: a review. Progress in Physical Geography 35(4): 465-492, doi: 10.1177/ 0309133311402714.
Souza, C.M., Siqueira, J.V., Sales, M.H., Fonseca, A.V., Ribeiro, J.G., Numata, I., Cochrane, M.A., Barber, C.P., Roberts, D.A. and Barlow, J. 2013. Ten-year Landsat classification of deforestation and forest degradation in the Brazilian Amazon. Remote Sensing 5(11): 5493-5513, doi: 10.3390/ rs5115493.
Torres, A.B. and Skutsch, M. 2012. Splitting the difference: a proposal for benefit sharing in Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). Forests 3(1): 137-54, doi: 10.3390/f3010137.
Wang, D., Hejazi, M., Cai, X. and Valocchi, A.J. 2011. Climate change impact on meteorological, agricultural, and hydrological drought in Central Illinois. Water Resources Research 47 (September): 1-13, doi: 10.1029/2010WR009845.
Wang, Y., Xiong, W., Gampe, S., Coles, N.A., Yu, P., Xu, L., Zuo, H. and Wang, Y. 2015. A water yield-oriented practical approach for multifunctional forest management and its application in dryland regions of China. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 51(3): 689-703, doi: 10.1111/ 1752-1688.12314.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.