Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Ronggo Sadono
Universitas Gadjah Mada

Wahyu Wardhana
Universitas Gadjah Mada

Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana

Fahmi Idris
Trofsit Institute

Information for Author
Indexed By

Visitor Statistic

Productivity evaluation of Eucalyptus urophylla plantation established in dryland ecosystems, East Nusa Tenggara

Ronggo Sadono, Wahyu Wardhana, Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana, Fahmi Idris
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 2461-2469  
Viewed : 89 times


The establishment of the Eucalyptus urophylla plantation has a potential contribution to the improvement of dryland ecosystem productivity in East Nusa Tenggara. However, the productivity of E. urophylla stand in this area is rarely documented even though it has been managed for more than 20 years. This study was directed to evaluate the growth performance, biomass accumulation, and carbon storage in E. urophylla plantation managed by Timor Tengah Selatan Forest Management Unit (FMU). Data were collected by a field survey using N-trees sampling method. Results demonstrated the mean tree density of E. urophylla in this area was 182 trees/ha with an average stand volume of 150.12 m3/ha. The mean annual increment in volume varied from 1.83 to 19.45 m3/year. The mean biomass accumulation and carbon storage in E. urophylla plantation approached 171.76 and 52.25 Mg/ha. Around 65% of total biomass and carbon storage were accumulated in the stem. Interestingly, the relative contribution of the stem to total biomass increased slowly with diameter class increasing while the dissimilar trend was observed in root, branch, and foliage. Based on the results, this study confirmed that the existence of E. urophylla plantation could increase the productivity of dryland ecosystem in East Nusa Tenggara.


biomass accumulation; carbon; Eucalyptus urophylla; growth performance; N-trees sampling

Full Text:



Aggangan, N.S., Moon, H.K. and Han, S.H. 2013. Growth and nutrient accumulation of Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. in response to inoculation with edible ectomycorrhizal mushrooms. Asia Life Sciences 22: 95–112.

Altanzagas, B., Luo, Y., Altansukh, B., Dorjsuren, C., Fang, J. and Hu, H. 2019. Allometric equations for estimating the above-ground biomass of five forest tree species in Khangai, Mongolia. Forests 10: 1–17.

Arora, G., Chaturvedi, S., Kaushal, R., Nain, A. and Tewari, S. 2014. Growth, biomass , carbon stocks , and sequestration in an age series of Populus deltoides plantations in Tarai region of central Himalaya. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 38: 550–560.

Basiri, R., Moradi, M., Kiani, B. and Babaarabi, M.M. 2018. Evaluation of distance methods for estimating population density in Populus euphratica Olivier natural stands (case study : Maroon riparian forests, Iran). Journal of Forest Science 64: 230–244.

Bayle, G.K. 2019. Ecological and social impacts of eucalyptus tree plantation on the environment. Journal of Biodiversity Conservation and Bioresource Management 5: 93–104.

Binkley, D., Campoe, O.C., Alvares, C., Carneiro, R.L., Cegatta, Í. and Luiz, J. 2017. The interactions of climate, spacing, and genetics on clonal eucalyptus plantations across Brazil and Uruguay. Forest Ecology and Management 405: 271–283.

Carneiro, M., Fabia, A. and Madeira, M. 2014. Effects of site preparation and slash management on growth and understory vegetation of Eucalyptus globulus plantations along a rotation time span in Portugal. European Journal of Forest Research 133: 941–955.

Cuong, T., Chinh, T.T.Q., Zhang, Y. and Xie, Y. 2020. Economic performance of forest plantations in Vietnam: Eucalyptus spp., Acacia mangium, and Manglietia conifera. Forests 11: 1–14.

Dong, L., Zhang, L. and Li, F. 2018. Additive biomass equations based on different dendrometric variables for two dominant species (Larix gmelini Rupr. and Betula platyphylla Suk.) in natural forests in the Eastern Daxing’an Mountains, Northeast China. Forests 9: 1–24.

Du, H., Zeng, F., Peng, W., Wang, K., Zhang, H., Liu, L. and Song, T. 2015. Carbon storage in a eucalyptus plantation chronosequence in Southern China. Forests 6: 1763–1778.

Ferreira, M.C., Santos, R.C., Castro, R.V.O., Carneiro, A.C.O., Silva, G.G.C., Castro, A.F.N.M., Costa, S.E.L. and Pimenta, A.S. 2017. Biomass and energy production at short rotation eucalyptus clonal plantations deployed in Rio Grande do Norte1. Revista Árvore 41: 1–7.

Filho, A.C.F., Mola, Y.B. and González, J.R. 2018. Thinning regimes and initial spacing for eucalyptus plantations in Brazil. Anals Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 90: 255–265.

Ghasemi, A. and Zahediasl, S. 2012. Metabolism. International Journal of Endrocrinology Metabolism 10: 486–489.

Halomoan, S.S.T., Wawan, and Adiwirman. 2015. Effect of fertilization on the growth and biomass of Acacia mangium and Eucalyptus hybrid (E . grandis x E . pellita). Journal of Tropical Soils 20: 157–166.

Harwood, C.E. and Nambiar, E.K.S. 2014. Productivity of acacia and eucalypt plantations in Southeast Asia.2. trends and variations. International Forestry Review 16: 249–260.

Haxtema, Z., Temesgen, H. and Marquardt, T. 2012. Evaluation of n-tree distance sampling for inventory of Headwater Riparian Forests of Western Oregon. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 27: 109–117.

He, H., Zhang, C., Zhao, X., Fousseni, F., Wang, J., Dai, H., Yang, S. and Zuo, Q. 2018. Allometric biomass equations for 12 tree species in coniferous and broadleaved mixed forests, Northeastern China. PLoS ONE 13: 1–16.

Imana-Encinas, J., Santana, O.A. and Imana, C.R. 2011. Volumetric and economic optimal rotations for firewood production of Eucalyptus urophylla in Ipameri, State of Goias. Floresta 44: 905–912.

Kalima, T., Malik, J. and Sunarto. 2019. Exploration of rattan species in Timor Tengah Selatan Forest Management Unit, East Nusa Tenggara Province. Journal Pro-Life 6: 160–170 (in Indonesian).

Kurniadi, R. and Pujiono, E. 2009. Carbon content in the Mount Mutis forest area. Forestry Research Institute. Kupang. pp. 1–125.

Latifah, S. and Sulistiyono, N. 2013. Carbon sequestration potential in aboveground biomass of hybrid eucalyptus plantation forest. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 19: 54–62.

Li, X., Ye, D., Liang, H., Zhu, H., Qin, L., Zhu, Y. and Wen, Y. 2015. Effects of successive rotation regimes on carbon stocks in eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China measured over a full rotation. PLoS ONE 10: 1–16.

Lynch, T.B. and Rusydi, R. 1999. Distance sampling for forest inventory in Indonesian teak plantations 1. Forest Ecology and Management 113: 215–221.

Marimpan, L.S. and Purwanto, R.H. 2010. Forest inventory in natural ampupu forest (Eucalyptus urophylla) in producing timber volume, biomass, and carbon. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Tesis. 182p

Mateus, A. and Tomé, M. 2011. Modelling the diameter distribution of eucalyptus plantations with Johnson’s S B probability density function: Parameters recovery from a compatible system of equations to predict stand variables. Annals of Forest Science 68: 325–335.

Mendoza-Ponce, A. and Galicia, L. 2010. Aboveground and belowground biomass and carbon pools in highland temperate forest landscape in Central Mexico. Forestry 83: 497–506.

Mirzaei, M. and Eslam, A. 2016. Comparison of fixed area and distance sampling methods in open forests : case study of Zagros Forest , Iran. Journal of Forestry Research 27: 1121–1126.

Mishra, P., Pandey, C.M. and Singh, U. 2019. Descriptive statistics and normality tests for statistical data. Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia 22: 67–72.

Morris, J.I.M., Ningnan, Z., Zengjiang, Y., Collopy, J. and Daping, X. 2004. Water use by fast-growing Eucalyptus urophylla plantations in southern China. Tree Physiology 24: 1035–1044.

Mughini, G., Gras, M. and Salvati, L. 2014. Growth performance of selected eucalypt hybrid clones for SRWC in central and southern Italy. Annals of Silvicultural Research 38: 7–12.

Nam, V.T., Van Kuijk, M. and Anten, N.P.R. 2016. Allometric equations for aboveground and belowground biomass estimations in an evergreen forest in Vietnam. PLoS ONE 11: 6–9.

Nambiar, E.K.S. 2015. Forestry for rural development, poverty reduction and climate change mitigation: We can help more with wood. Australian Forestry 78: 55–64.

Saadaoui, E., Ben Yahi, K., Dhahri, S., Ben Jamaa, M.L. and Khouja, M.L. 2017. An overview of adaptative responses to drought stress in Eucalyptus spp. Forestry Studies 67: 86–96.

Sadono, R., Soeprijadi, D. and Wirabuana, P.Y.A.P. 2019. Effect of chemical soil properties on the growth of cajuptus (Melaleuca leucadendron (L.) Linnaeus) stand. Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea 8: 1–7.

Silva, L.B., Alves, M., Elias, R.B. and Silva, L. 2017. Comparison of T-square, point centered quarter, and N-tree sampling methods in Pittosporum undulatum Invaded Woodlands. International Journal of Forestry Research 2017.

Sumardi, Kurniawan, H. and Prastyono 2016. Genetic parameter estimates for growth traits in an Eucalyptus Urophylla S.T. Blake progeny test in Timor Island. Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research 3: 119–127.

Susila, I.W.W. and Darwo. 2015. Mean annual increment and volume estimation of ampupu stand (Eucalyptus urophylla S.T.Blake) in Wololobo Forest Area, Bajawa Flores. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman 12: 105–113.

Van Bich, N., Mendham, D., Evans, K.J., Dong, T.L., Hai, V.D., Van Thanh, H. and Mohammed, C.L. 2019. Effect of residue management and fertiliser application on the productivity of a Eucalyptus hybrid and Acacia mangium planted on sloping terrain in northern Vietnam. Southern Forests 81: 201–212.

Viera, M. and Rodríguez-Soalleiro, R. 2019. A complete assessment of carbon stocks in above and belowground biomass components of a hybrid eucalyptus plantation in Southern Brazil. Forests 10: 536.

Wijaya, A., Kusnadi, S., Gloaguen, R. and Heilmeier, H. 2010. Improved strategy for estimating stem volume and forest biomass using moderate resolution remote sensing data and GIS. Journal of Forestry Research 21: 1–12.

Wirabuana, P.Y.A.P., Sadono, R. and Juniarso, S. 2020. Planting depth management increases early growth, aboveground biomass, and carbon storage of Eucalyptus pellita at Ultisols in South Sumatra. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 7: 2253–2261.

Wirabuana, P.Y.A.P., Sadono, R. and Jurniarso, S. 2019. Fertilization effects on early growth, aboveground biomass, carbon storage, and leaf characteristics of Eucalyptus pellita F.Muell. in South Sumatra. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 25: 154–163.

Xue, L., Pan, L., Zhang, R. and Xu, P.B. 2011. Density effects on the growth of self-thinning Eucalyptus urophylla stands. Trees 25: 1021–1031.

Yang, M., Tan, L., Xu, Y., Zhao, Y., Cheng, F., Ye, S. and Jiang, W. 2015. Effect of low pH and aluminum toxicity on the photosynthetic characteristics of different fast-growing eucalyptus vegetatively propagated clones. PLoS ONE 10: 1–15.

Zanuncio, A.J.V., Carvalho, A.G., Carneiro, A.C.O., Damasio, R.A.P., Valenzuela, P., Gacitua, W. and Colodette, J.L. 2016. Pulp produced with wood from eucalyptus trees damaged by wind. CERNE 22: 485–492.

Zeng, W.S. and Tang, S. 2012. Modeling compatible single-tree aboveground biomass equations for masson pine (Pinus massoniana) in southern China. Journal of Forestry Research. 23: 593–598.

Zhang, Z., Zhao, P., Mccarthy, H.R., Ouyang, L. and Niu, J. 2016. Hydraulic balance of a Eucalyptus urophylla plantation in response to periodic drought in Low Subtropical. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1–12.

Zhang, Z.Z., Zhao, P., Oren, R., Mccarthy, H.R., Niu, J.F., Zhu, L.W., Ni, G.Y. and Huang, Y.Q. 2015. Water use strategies of a young Eucalyptus urophylla forest in response to seasonal change of climatic factors in. Biogeosciences 12: 10469–10510.

Zhou, X., Wen, Y., Goodale, U.M., Zuo, H., Zhu, H., Li, X., You, Y., Yan, L., Su, Y. and Huang, X. 2017. Optimal rotation length for carbon sequestration in eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China. New Forests48: 609–627.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By