Buffering capacity of paddy field as the reservoir of rainwater and surface runoff in the Lowokwaru subdistrict, Malang, East Java


  • Rina Suprihati Ministry of Agriculture
  • Nuhfil Hanani Social and Economics Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang 65145, Indonesia
  • S Gatot Irianto Directorate General of Foodcrops, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta 12540, Indonesia
  • S Soemarno Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang 65145, Indonesia




buffering capacity, paddy field, rainwater


Paddy fields produce ecological services that improve environmental quality in urban areas, one of them was flood control through retaining rainwater and surface runoff within the embankment of paddy field. The ability to retain water is known as the buffering capacity (BC), which is the function of soil moisture, embankment height, water inundation and rice-plant interception during the growing periode. The intermitten system of water inundation applied by farmers resulted in changes of the BC on daily basis. The calculation of BC was divided into five categories for accuracy, which were : (1) BC during the Harvest; (2) BC with inundation at vegetative and generative phase (VGG); (3) BC with inundation during Land Preparation and Planting phase (OTTG); (4) BC without inundation during the vegetative and generative phase (VGTG); and (5) BC without inundation during the land preparation and planting phase (OTTTG). The purpose of this research was to measure potential buffering capacity of paddy field in Lowokwaru Subdistrictand to estimate amount of rainwater and surface runoff which could be accommodated within the buffering capacity. The average of daily BC in seven different villages were 1,650.81– 3,961.81 m3/ha and the total BC for 241 paddy field was about 823,156.36 m3.It was only a small percentage of average daily BC filled by rainwater (14.07-33.31%) and left the rest to be filled by surface runoff water. The paddy field of 241 ha in Lowokwaru Subdistrictis was capable to receive surface runoff from surrounding areas up to 1,698.66 ha. 

Author Biographies

Rina Suprihati, Ministry of Agriculture

Directorate General of Agricultural Infrastructure and Facilities, Ministry of Agriculture

Senior Staff at Planning Division

Nuhfil Hanani, Social and Economics Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang 65145, Indonesia


S Gatot Irianto, Directorate General of Foodcrops, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta 12540, Indonesia


S Soemarno, Soil Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang 65145, Indonesia



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How to Cite

Suprihati, R., Hanani, N., Irianto, S. G., & Soemarno, S. (2018). Buffering capacity of paddy field as the reservoir of rainwater and surface runoff in the Lowokwaru subdistrict, Malang, East Java. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 5(2), 1065–1076. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2018.052.1065



Research Article