Indexed By
SJR Rank

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

R D Yustika
Indonesian Soil Research Institute (ISRI), Jl. Tentara Pelajar 12A, Bogor 16114, Indonesia
Indonesia

Reasearcher

M Muchtar
Indonesian Soil Research Institute (ISRI), Jl. Tentara Pelajar 12A, Bogor 16114, Indonesia
Indonesia

Researcher

User
Author Guidelines

Visitor Statistic

Soil organic matter status and penetration resistance at alley cropping system on degraded acid dryland

R D Yustika, M Muchtar
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 675-679  
Viewed : 1302 times

Abstract


Soil has important functions, one of which acts as a growing medium for plants so the soil environment should be able to support the growth and development of the plants in taking water and nutrient needs. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of alley cropping on improvement of soil organic C status, and its impact on soil penetration. Observations of soil organic C status were done in 2008, 2011, and 2014, while observations of soil bulk density, C/N ratio, and penetration were conducted in 2014. Soil penetration was measured using penetrologger. Alley cropping systems applied were Flemingia congesta, Leucaena glauca, and Gliricida sepium. The results showed that the presence of hedgerow trees in alley cropping systems could supply organic materials periodically and could increase the content of organic C. The results of measurements of soil penetration in the surface layer (0-5 cm) showed low penetration values. The penetration value increased with increasing soil depth with the highest penetration value was at the depth of 15 cm.


Keywords


alley cropping; soil penetration; resistance organic C.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Association of Official Agriculture Chemists. 2002. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International. Volume 1. P .2.5-2.37. In Horwitz, W. (Ed.). Agricultural Chemicals, Contaminants, Drugs. AOAC International, Maryland, USA. 17th ed.

Bariot, H., Santoso, D., Mulud, S. dan Wigena, P. 1992. Beberapa Cara Pengelolaan Tanah untuk Pengendalian Erosi. Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanah dan Pupuk No 10: 54-60.

Blake, G. and Hartge, K.H. 1986. Bulk density. p. 363-376. In A. Klute (Ed.). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1, 2nd ed. Agronomy 9. Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Madison, Wisconsin.

Canarache, A. 1990. PENETR-a generalized semi-empirical model estimating soil resistance to penetration. Soil & Tillage Research 16: 51–70.

da Silva, A.P. and Kay, B.D. 1997. Estimating the least limiting water range of soils from properties and management. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 61, 877–883.

Dexter, A.R., Czyz, E.A. and Gate, O.P. 2006. A method for prediction of soil penetration resistance. Soil & Tillage Research 93: 412–419.

Endriani. 2010. Sifat fisika dan kadar air tanah akibat penerapan olah tanah konservasi. Jurnal Hidrolitan 1 (1): 26 – 34.

Kurnia, U., Djunaedi, M.S. and Marwanto, S. 2006. Sifat Fisik Tanah dan Metode Analisisnya: Penetapan Penetrasi Tanah. Editor Kurnia et al. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian.

Muchtar. 2011. Pengembangan Inovasi Teknologi Pengelolaan Lahan Kering Masam Untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas > 20% Dan Model Kawasan. Laporan Akhir. Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Muchtar. 2012. Pengembangan Inovasi Teknologi Sistem Integrasi Tanaman-Ternak (Sitt) Dan Rumah Pangan Lestari di Kp. Taman Bogo. Laporan Akhir. Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Muchtar. 2013. Pengelolaan Lahan Kering Masam Berkelanjutan Dan Rumah Pangan Lestari di Kp. Taman Bogo. Laporan Akhir. Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Muchtar., Soelaeman, Y. dan Sugianto. 2010. Pengembangan Inovasi Teknologi Pengelolaan Lahan Kering Masam Untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas > 20%. Laporan akhir. Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Rachim, D.A. 2009. Kalsifikasi Tanah di Indonesia. Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan. Fakultas Pertanian. IPB.

Rahman, A., Dariah, A. dan Santoso, D. 2006. Pupuk Hijau. Dalam Simanungkalit et al. (Ed). Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Soelaeman, Y. dan Muchtar. 2008. Demplot Pengelolaan Lahan Kering Masam. Laporan akhir. Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Soelaeman, Y. dan Muchtar. 2009. Demplot Pengelolaan Lahan Kering Masam. Laporan akhir. Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Soil Survey Staff. 1998. Kunci Taksonomi Tanah. Edisi Kedua Bahasa Indonesia, 1999. Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Suriadikarta, D.A. dan Simanungkalit, R.D.M. 2006. Pendahuluan. Dalam Simanungkalit et al. (Ed). Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Vaz, C.M.P., Manieri, J.M., de Maria, I.C. and Tuller, M. 2011. Modelling and correction of soil penetration resistance for varying soil water content. Geoderma 166: 92-101.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice

Indexed By