Iron bioaccumulation and ecological implications in the coastal swamp wetlands ecosystem of South Kalimantan: Insights from giant mudskipper fish as bioindicators

Authors

  • Heri Budi Santoso Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2258-5092
  • Krisdianto Krisdianto Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7778-4745
  • Rizmi Yunita Department of Aquatic Resources Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2024.113.5539

Keywords:

aquatic ecosystem, environmental impact, estuarine fish, iron accumulation

Abstract

This study investigated iron (Fe) accumulation in South Kalimantan's coastal swamp wetlands ecosystem, utilizing giant mudskipper fish as indicators of heavy metal pollution. By analyzing Fe levels in water, sediment, and fish organs over time, insights into its effects on the environment and human health were gained. Furthermore, through Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, Fe concentrations in Kuala Lupak's coastal wetland were measured, revealing significant correlations between Fe levels in water, sediment, and fish tissues. These results enhance our understanding and inform better management strategies. Anthropogenic and natural sources contribute to the accumulation of heavy metals, particularly Fe, with anthropogenic pollution being the most dominant. This study presented the escalating concentrations of Fe within the Kuala Lupak estuary and raised concerns regarding the ecological and human health implications. Continuous monitoring, source identification, public awareness, regulations, remediation, and long-term exploration are essential for addressing heavy metal pollution and its ecological impact. Therefore, valuable insights are provided for environmental management and conservation efforts.

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Submitted

27-09-2023

Accepted

03-01-2024

Published

01-04-2024

How to Cite

Santoso, H. B., Krisdianto, K., & Yunita, R. (2024). Iron bioaccumulation and ecological implications in the coastal swamp wetlands ecosystem of South Kalimantan: Insights from giant mudskipper fish as bioindicators. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 11(3), 5539–5550. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2024.113.5539

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Research Article