Analysis of physical dimensions in tsunami disaster resilience in Tanjung Lesung Special Economic Zone, Indonesia
Keywords:coastal region, disaster resilience, spatial analysis, Tanjung Lesung SEZ, tsunami
AbstractThe Tanjung Lesung Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a tourism area close to faults and active volcanoes. This location causes the Tanjung Lesung SEZ to have a high tsunami threat. In 2018, this area became an area affected by the Sunda Strait tsunami, which caused various losses, including casualties. This study aimed to examine the physical characteristics of the Tanjung Lesung coastal area, which has a tsunami threat. The physical characteristics in the research are elements that can affect the resilience of the tsunami disaster on the Tanjung Lesung coast. These include land use, topography, evacuation routes, and settlement conditions. This study used primary and secondary data obtained through government agencies and a field survey in 2021. The overlay analysis method on GIS was used to provide a spatial explanation of the physical characteristics of tsunami-prone areas. The study results showed that shrubs, a slope of 2-15%, and a height of 5-25 m above sea level dominate the area with the category of dangerous and very dangerous levels. The results also explained that there are settlements with wooden wall structures and cement floors located in very dangerous areas (with an area of 32.06 Â ha) and dangerous areas (with an area of 11.62 ha). Based on the analysis, there are three distinct categories in the research area. All three categories require coastal boundary planning that considers the tsunami threat to increase disaster resilience. The research results can be used to increase disaster resilience or spatial planning in coastal areas.
Asian Disaster Preparedness Center/ADPC. 2007. Evacuation Routes Tools ArcGis Toolbox: Userâ€™s manual. Italian Ministry for The Environment and Territory.
Badoc-Gonzales, B.P., Mandigma, M.B.S. and Tan, J.J. 2021. Resilience and sustainability interventions in selected Post-Haiyan Philippines: MSMEs perspective. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 57(July 2020):102162 doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102162.
Banten West Java Tanjung Lesung. 2021. https://kek.go.id/kawasan/KEK-Tanjung-Lesung#:~:text=KEK%20Tanjung%20Lesung%20memiliki%20luas,serta%20kekayaan%20budaya%20yang%20eksotis (in Indonesian).
BIG. 2017. Data from the Geospatial Information Agency (BIG). https://tanahair.indonesia.go.id/portal-web (in Indonesian).
BMKG. 2019. Indonesian Tsunami Catalog. Earthquake and Tsunami Center Deputy for Geophysics. Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics Council. Jakarta (in Indonesian).
BPBD. 2021. Tsunami potential data obtained from the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) (in Indonesian).
CNN Indonesia. 2022. Earthquake and Tsunami Potential in Banten Region. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mHUm6PY_ITM (in Indonesian).
Fauzi, A. 2020. Learning the Sunda Strait Tsunami phenomenon. Jurnal Geografi-Geografi dan Pengajarannya 18(1):43-62, doi:10.26740/jggp.v18n1 (in Indonesian).
Febrianti, D. and Safriani, M. 2016. A study of the vulnerability of buildings to tsunami using the BTV method (a case study in Kuta Padang Village, West Aceh Regency). Jurnal Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Teuku Umar 2(2):45-55 (in Indonesian).
Febriyenti, A. 2017. Tsunami Evacuation Modeling in the Evaluation of Regional Capacity in Pelabuhan Ratu Bay. FMIPA Universitas Indonesia (in Indonesian).
Honesti, L., Majid, M.Z.A., Djali, N. and Muchlian, M. 2019. Establishing factors of building vulnerability towards tsunami hazard. Matec Web of Conferences 258, 0 (2019), doi:10.1051/matecconf/201925803011.
Honesti, L., Majid, M.Z.A., Muchlian, M. and Djali N. 2014. Assessing building vulnerability to tsunami hazard in Padang. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering) 69:6(2014):5-9.
Isnin, S.N. 2016. Analysis of tsunami hazard levels in Ulee Lheue Village, Meuraxa District, Banda Aceh City. Lentera 16(19):8-16 (in Indonesian).
Jayakody, C. and Amaratunga, D. 2020. Guiding factors for planning public open spaces to enhance coastal citiesâ€™ disaster resilience to tsunamis. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment 12(5):471-483, doi:10.1108/IJDRBE-06-2020-0058.
Listyaningrum, Z., Indra, T.L. and Damayanti, A. 2020) Tsunami-affected areas in Tanjung Lesung-Banten-Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 561(1), doi:10.1088/1755-1315/561/1/012043.
Lloyd, M.G., Peel, D. and Duck, R.W. 2013. Towards a social-ecological resilience framework for coastal planning. Land Use Policy 30(1):925-933, doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.06.012.
Marfai, M.A., Khakim, N., Fatchurohman, H. and Salma, A.D. 2021). Planning tsunami vertical evacuation routes using high-resolution UAV digital elevation model: case study in Drini Coastal Area, Java, Indonesia. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 14, Article number 2028, doi:10.1007/s12517-021-08357-9.
Parsons, M., Glavac, S., Hastings, P., Marshall, G., McGregor, J., JMcNeill, J., Morley, P., Reeve, I. and Stayner, R. 2016. Top-down assessment of disaster resilience: A conceptual framework using coping and adaptive capacities. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 19:1-11, doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.07.005.
Powell, E.J., Tyrrell, M.C., Milliken, A., Tirpak, J.M. and Staudinger, M.D. 2019. A review of coastal management approaches to support the integration of ecological and human community planning for climate change. Journal of Coastal Conservation 23:1-18.
PUPR. 2021. Spatial planning data for the Pandeglang Regency area obtained from the Ministry of Settlement and Spatial Planning (PUPR) (in Indonesian).
Regional Regulation number 2 of 2020. Amendments to Regional Regulations on Spatial Planning for Pandeglang Regency in 2011-2031 (in Indonesian).
Sambah, A.B., Lelono, T.D. and Bayu, R. 2019. Satellite image analysis and GIS approaches for tsunami vulnerability assessment. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 370(1):012068, doi:10.1088/1755-1315/370/1/012068.
Sari, D.A.P. 2020. Analysis and Community Vulnerability and Resilience to Tsunami Disasters. School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia (in Indonesian).
Schmidtlein, M.C. and Wood, N.J. 2015. Sensitivity of tsunami evacuation modeling to direction and land cover assumptions. Applied Geography 56:54e163, doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.11.014.
Shalih, O., Tambunan, M.P. and Tambunan, R.P. 2019. Building Disaster Resilience in Tourism Areas (Case Study: Pandeglang Regency after the Sunda Strait Tsunami 2018). The 6th Annual Scientific Meeting on Disaster Research 2019 (in Indonesian).
Siagian, T.H., Purhadi, P., Suhartono, S. and Ritonga, H. 2014. Social vulnerability to natural hazards in Indonesia: Driving factors and policy implications. Natural Hazards 70(2):1603-1617, doi:10.1007/s11069-013-0888-3.
Sooriyaarachchi, P., Sandika, A.L. and Madawanarachchi, N. 2018. Coastal community resilience level of Tsunami prone area: A case study in Sri Lanka. Procedia Engineering 21:683-690, doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.088.
Soviana, W. and Rani, H.A. 2019. Study of alternative building for tsunami evacuation in Kuta Alam sub-district Banda Aceh. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 674 (2019) 012021, doi:10.1088/1757-899X/674/1/012021.
Spooner, E., Karnauskas, M., Harvey, C.J., Kelble, C., Rosellon-Druker, J., Kasperski, S., Lucey, S.M., Andrews, K.S., Gittings, S. R., Moss, J.H., Gove, J.M., Samhouri, J.F., Allee, R.J., Bograd, S.J., Monaco, M.E., Clay, P.M., Rogers, L.A., Marshak, A., Wongbusarakum, S., Broughton, K. and Lynch, P.D. 2021. Using integrated ecosystem assessments to build resilient ecosystems, communities, and economies. Coastal Management 49(1):26-45, doi:10.1080/08920753.2021.1846152.
Suhita, N.P.A.R., Siregar, V.P. and Lumban-Gaol, J. 2021. Coastal vulnerability mapping due to tsunami using Geographic Information System in Buleleng Regency, Bali Province. IOP Conferece Series: Earth and Environmental Science 944 (2021):012045, doi:10.1088/1755-1315/944/1/012045.
Tanjungjaya Village Government. 2021. Population data obtained from the Tanjungjaya village (in Indonesian).
Tufekci-Enginar, D., Suzen, M.L. and Yalciner, A.C. 2021. The evaluation of public awareness and community preparedness parameter in GIS-based spatial tsunami human vulnerability assessment (MeTHuVA). Natural Hazards105(3):2639-2358, doi:10.1007/s11069-020-04416-8.
Wicaksono, A.D. and Usman F. 2020. Investigation of tsunami impacted area from anak Krakatoa Volcanic Eruption. International Journal of GEOMATE19(71):235-241.
Yudhicara, Y. and Budiono, K. 2008. Tsunamigenik di Selat Sunda: Kajian terhadap katalog Tsunami Soloviev. Indonesian Journal on Geoscience 3(4):241-251, doi:10.17014/ijog.vol3no4.20086.
How to Cite
LicenseSubmission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Scientific Journal by Eko Handayanto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://www.ub.ac.id.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://www.ircmedmind.ub.ac.id.