Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Henny Kuntyastuti
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Institute
Indonesia

Runik Dyah Purwaningrahayu
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Institute
Indonesia

Sri Ayu Dwi Lestari
ORCID iD Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Institute
Indonesia

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Soybean growth and yield responses at third planting season to residual potassium fertilizer in a vertisol

Henny Kuntyastuti, Runik Dyah Purwaningrahayu, Sri Ayu Dwi Lestari
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 1645-1651  
Viewed : 30 times

Abstract


Application of fertilizers on previous crops can leave a residue so that it can be used for the next crops. It is necessary to know the extent to which these residues can affect the growth and yield of soybean crops. The objective of this study was to explore the effect of potassium fertilizer residues on growth and yield of soybean crops at third planting season (PS-III) on a vertisol. The research was conducted at dry season using a vertisol from Nganjuk, East Java. The experiment was designed using a factorial randomized block design with two factors and three replications. The first factor was the dose of potassium fertilizer (KCl) in the first planting season (PS-I) of rice, i.e. 0, 500, 1500, and 2000 kg potassium fertilizer/ha. The second factor was the dose of potassium fertilizer in the second planting season (PS-II) of soybean, i.e. 0, 50, 100, 200, and 400 kg potassium fertilizer (KCl)/ha. The soybean variety used was Sinabung. The results showed that fertilizer residues of planting season I and planting season II affected the growth component and yield component of soybean, but did not affect seed yield of soybean. There was no consistent increase on growth component, yield component, or seed yield of soybean with an increasing residual dose of potassium fertilizer of planting season I or planting season II. The residual treatment of 1500 kg potassium/ha at planting season I gave the highest number of branches per plant (2 branches) and seed weight per plant (3.13 g) of soybean. The residual treatment of 50 kg potassium/ha at planting season II gave the highest root nodule weight per plant of 0.10 g and the highest seed weight per plant of 3.33 g.    


Keywords


potassium; residual fertilizer; soybean; vertisol

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adisarwanto, T. 2004. Efficiency of potassium fertilizer usage in soybean in paddy fields. Buletin Palawija 7 & 8:31-39 (in Indonesian).

Berg, W.K., Cunningham, S.M., Brouder, S.M., Joern, B.C., Johnson, K.D., Santini, J. and Volenec, J.J. 2005. Influence of phosphorus and potassium on alfalfa yield and yield components. Crop Science 45:297-304.

Chakrabarty, T., Akter, A., Saifullah, A.S.M., Sheikh, Md.S. and Bhowmick, A.C. 2014. Use of fertilizer and pesticide for crop production in agrarian area of Tangail district, Bangladesh. Environment and Ecology Research 2(6):253-261.

Estiaty, L.M., Suwardi, Maruya, I. and Fatimah, D. 2006. Effect of zeolite and manure on nutrient residues in the soil. Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia 5(1):37-44 (in Indonesian).

Fitriadi, A., Sufardi, and Muyasir. 2013. Effect of potassium and compost fertilizer residues on soil chemical properties and rice growth (Oryza sativa L.). Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan 2(3):223-230 (in Indonesian).

Hendrival, Latifah, Idawati. 2014. Effect of potassium fertilization on the development of aphids (Aphis glycines Matsumura) and soybean yield. Jurnal Floratek 9:83-92 (in Indonesian).

Kuntyastuti, H., Sutrisno, Purwaningrahayu, R.D. and Rianto, S.A. 2013. Effect of K fertilization on soil and soybean plants in Entisol soil. Proceeding of National Seminar Local Resource-Based Marginal Land Use to Support Food Security, Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University, 8 June 2013 (in Indonesian).

Kuntyastuti, H. and Sutrisno. 2017a. Effect of manure, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, and chemical fertilizer application on the growth and yield of soybean. Nusantara Bioscience 9(2):126-132.

Kuntyastuti, H. and Sutrisno. 2017b. The growth response of soybeans and peanuts in the fifth and sixth growing seasons against potassium fertilizer residues in the first and second planting seasons. Proceeding of National Seminar of Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia 3(2):199-204 (in Indonesian).

Manshuri, A.G. 2012. Optimization of NPK fertilization in soybeans to maintain soil fertility and high yield in paddy fields. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 7(1):38-46 (in Indonesian).

Meena, R.S., Dhakal, Y., Bohra, J.S., Singh, S.P., Singh, M.K., Sanodiya, P. and Meena, H. 2015. Influence of bioinorganic combinations on yield, quality, and economics of mungbean. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 8(3):159-166.

Mulyani, A. 2006.Potential for acid dry land for agricultural development. Jurnal Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian 28(2):16-17 (in Indonesian).

Nurahmi, E. 2009.Organic and inorganic fertilizing residual effects for lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) growth on former tsunami lands. Agrista 13(2):90-97 (in Indonesian).

Pettigrew, W.T. 2008. Potassium influences on yield and quality production for maize, wheat, soybean, and cotton. Physiologia Plantarum 133:670-681.

Pracaya. 2009. Plant Pests and Diseases. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta (in Indonesian).

Read, J.J., Reddy, K.R. and Jenkins, J.N. 2006. Yield and fibre quality of upland cotton as influenced by nitrogen and potassium nutrition. European Journal of Agronomy 24:289-290.

Rosolem, C.A., Sgariboldi, T., Garcia, R.A. and Calonego, J.C. 2010. Potassium leaching as affected by soil texture and residual fertilization in tropical soils. Soil Science and Plant Analysis 41:1934-1943.

Utomo, D.H. 2016. Morphology of vertisol soil profile in Kraton district, Pasuruan Regency. Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi 21(2):47-57 (in Indonesian).

Xing, S.L., Liu, M.C. and Han, B.W. 2007. Effects of 12-year continuous application of straw and K fertilizer on soil potassium concentration and distribution in fluvo-aquic soil. Chinese Journal of Soil Science 3:10-14.

Yin, X. and Vyn, T.J. 2004. Residual effects of potassium placement for conservation-till corn on subsequent no-till soybean. Soil and Tillage Research 75:151-159.

Zerihun, A., Alemayo, D. and Wolde-Meskel, E. 2015. On-farm yield responses of soybean (Glycine max L. (Merrill)) to fertilizer sources under different soil activity status in Gabu Sayo district, Western Ethiopia. Journal of Agronomy 14:30-36.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By