Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

I T Ojonimi
Department of Mining Engineering, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria 2Department of Earth Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria

Senior Lecturer

M Onimisi
Department of Earth Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria


C Ocheri
Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Senior Lecturer

C Y Onuh
Department of Petroleum Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria

Senior Lecturer

Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Sustainable development of Nigeria’s solid minerals through metal recycling: a review

I T Ojonimi, M Onimisi, C Ocheri, C Y Onuh
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 1019-1026  
Viewed : 50 times


Metal recycling as a path way to sustainable development of Nigeria solid minerals deposits has been reviewed. This paper brings to bear the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030), classification of solid mineral deposits in Nigeria, potential contribution of the solid mineral sector to the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP), lifetime (lifecycle) management of a mineral resource, sustaining mineral resource through metal recycling (use of secondary materials) with some of its accompanying benefits, economics of metal recycling and the need for environmental impact assessment when sitting a recycling plant. The review has revealed the following; Metal recycling could oil the nation’s wheel of realising some of the objectives of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), every state in Nigeria has at least one solid mineral deposit, one tonne of steel made from recycled steel translates to saving 1,115kg of iron ore, 625kg of coal and 53kg of limestone, recycling results in reduction of about 200 million tonnes yearly of CO2 emissions, recycling also results in 76%, 40% and 86% reduction in water pollution, water usage and air pollution respectively and energy savings derivable from recycling 39% aluminum, 31% copper, 74% lead, 42% steel and 20% zinc are 95%, 85%, 60%, 62-74% and 60% respectively. Therefore, metal recycling provides one of the viable tools for sustaining the nation’s solid mineral deposits especially the metallic ores for the benefit of generations yet to be born.


metal recycling; sustainable development; solid minerals

Full Text:



Adelabu, O.S. and Kasim, I. 2010. Clay Mineral: A Case Study of its Potentialities in Selected Parts of Kaduna State of Nigeria. Proceedings of International Conference of Education and Management Technology (ICEMT), Cairo, 655-659p

Amatanwese, K.T. and Ukoh, G.U. 2016. The Metal Industry: Solution to Unemployment and Economic Crisis. Book of abstracts of Nigerian Metallurgical Society (NMS) Conference, Kaduna.19p

Anderson, J.C., Leaver K.D., Rawlings, R.D. and Alexander, J.M. 1990. Materials Science. Cheltenham, UK: Stanley Thornes

Bassey, N.A., Idenyi, N.E., ODO, J.U. and Nwoye, C.I. 2016. Developing Nigeria’s Coal Utilization Potentials by Underground Coal Gasification: a Clean Energy Perspective. Proceedings of the 15th annual international conference of Materials Science and Technology of Nigeria (NIMACON), Zaria, 472p

Bello, M. 2016. Solid Minerals. Accessed 4 April. Available:

De la Vergne, J.N. 2014. Hard Rock Miner’s Handbook, 5th edition Copyright, Stantec Consulting Ltd. 10160 – 112 Street • Edmonton, Alberta • Canada

Gallach, C. 2016. Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030). Accessed 4 April Available:

Imasuen, O.I., Omali, A.O. and Ibrahim, I. 2011. Assessment of environmental impacts and remedies for gully erosion in Ankpa Metropolis and environs, Kogi State, Nigeria. Advances in Applied Science Research 2 (5):372-384.

Maliki, D., Gadzama, S.W., Ezeonwumelu, O.J., Chukwura, E.E., Chukwu, H.E. and Ugwu, U.S. 2016. Materials Education-Fundamental to Development of Solid Mineral Sector of the Nigerian Economy. Proceedings of the 15th annual international conference of Materials Science and Technology of Nigeria (NIMACON), Zaria, 354-355p

Mayer,V.G. and Baxter, S. 2012. Draft Environmental Impact Report for the Construction of the DAS Steel Mini Foundry. Private Bag X7005 Hillcrest 3650 Durban RSA.18p

Metal Recycling Companies. 2017. Accessed 8 February.Available: companies_c70

Metal Recycling Services. 2017. Accessed 14 February. Available: on February 14,2017

Monitz, E. 2016. Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. Accessed April. Available:

Nabea, F.K. and Tiwari, A.S.M. 2012. Environmental Impact Assessment Study Report, for Proposed Scrap Metal Smelter and Steel Manufacturing Plant on Plot No. LR 17483/1, Mavoko Municipality, Machokos County, Kenya.2-4p

Nishimatu, Y. 2016. Mining Engineering and Mineral Transportation. Encyclopaedia of Life Support Systems vol 3, 6-9p

Noronha, A. 2016. Lifetime of a Mineral Resource. Accessed 5 April. Available:

Oloruntoba, D.T., Ajayi, J.A. and Oni, A. 2016. Homogenisation of Electric Arc Furnace Dust (EAFD) and Aluminium 2039 Scrap. Book of abstracts of Nigerian Metallurgical Society (NMS) Conference, Kaduna. 23p

Pacifica, F. and Achieng, O. 2009. Environmental Impact Assessment General Procedures Presented at Short Course IV on Exploration for Geothermal Resources, organized by UNU-GTP, KenGen and GDC, at Lake Naivasha, Kenya, November 1-22, 1-16p

Peele, R. and Church, J.A. 1941. Mining Engineer’s Handbook, Vol2, 3rd edition.Lifecycle Management. 2016; Accessed 4 April. Available:

Young-do, L. 2006. Summary of Environmental Impact Assessment for INI Steel Ltd. Seoul Korea.20p


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By