Acid mine drainage (AMD) contamination in coal mines and the need for extensive prediction and remediation: a review
Globally, the major source of environmental pollution as a result of mineral exploitation and processing is acid mine drainage (AMD). AMD refers to outflowing streams of acidic constituents from pyrite-bearing ore mines. The exposure of pyrite (FeS2) in coal waste dumps to atmospheric oxygen and water in the presence of microbial communities promotes the formation of sulphuric acid which leaches out the inherent heavy metals into the mine discharge, a phenomenon called pyrite oxidation. AMDs are usually characterized by a convoy of toxic heavy metals, most of which are transition elements (copper, nickel, zinc, etc.) and arsenic at concentrations higher than the limits permitted by environmental regulations. The impact of this acidic discharge from coal mines on downstream/underground waters and farm lands within the corresponding mining zones have been severally reported by previous researchers, but not so much have been discussed on extensive prediction and remediation. It is in view of this that the current paper reviews the need for extensive prediction and remediation approach for coal mines under the following subheadings; General introduction, AMD sources identification, representative sampling, adoption of a prediction model, determination of AMD potential and quality via static and kinetic tests and the development of an economically sustainable remediation strategy. It is thought that this article would be useful to academia as well as policy makers that are responsible for the development and implementation of environmental regulations in coal mines.
Ameh, E.G. 2013. Multivariate statistical analyses and enrichment of heavy metal contamination of soils around Okaba coal mine. American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy 6(1): 9-13, doi: 10.5829/idosi.aeja.2013.6.1.135.
Ameh, E.G., Omatola, E.O. and Awulu, D.T. 2014. Utilization of environ metric and index methods as water quality assessment tools, focusing on heavy metal content of water around Okaba coal mines, Kogi State, Nigeria. Advances in Research 2(2): 80-94, doi: 10.9734/air/2014/7418.
Azizi, S.N., Abrishamkar, M. and Kazemain, H. 2010. Using of Taguchi Robust design method to optimise effective parameters of methylene blue adsorption on ZSM-5 zeolite. Asian Journal of Chemistry 23(1): 100-104.
Bailey, S.E., Olin, T.J., Bricka, R.M. and Adrian, D.D. 1999. A review of potentially low-cost sorbents for heavy metals. Water Research 33: 2469–2479, doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00475-8.
Baker, B.J. and Benfield, J.F. 2003. Microbial communities in acid mine drainage. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 44(2): 139-152, doi:10.1016/s0168-6496(03)00028-x.
Bhargava, S.K., Pownceby, M.I. and Ram, R. 2016. Hydrometallurgy. Metals 6(5): 122, doi: 10.3390/met6050122.
Campaner, V.P., Luiz-Silva, W. and Machado, W. 2014. Geochemistry of acid mine drainage from a coal mining area and processes controlling metal attenuation in stream waters, Southern Brazil. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences 86(2): 539-544, doi: 10.1590/0001-37652014113712.
Crovatta, C.A. and Bingham, J.M. 2016. Acid Mine Drainage. https://pubs.er.usgs. gov/publication/ 70182719 [Accessed 11 November, 2020].
De Gisi, S., Lofrano, G., Grassi, M. and Nortanicola, M. 2016. Characteristics and adsorption capacities of low-cos sorbents for wastewater treatment: a review. Sustainable Materials and Technology 9: 10-40, doi: 10.1016/j.susmat.2016.06.002.
Dold, B. 2017. Acid rock drainage prediction: a critical review. Journal of Geochemical. Exploration 172: 120–132, doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2016.09.014.
Ferguson, K.D. and Erickson, P.M. 1988. Environmental Management of Solid Wates. Springer, pp. 24-43.
Fu, F. and Wang, Q.J. 2011. Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review. Journal of Environmental Management 92(3): 407–418, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.011.
Gankhuyag, U. and Gregoire, F. 2018. UNDP and UN Environment. Managing Mining for Sustainable Development: A sourcebook. Bangkok: United Nations Development Programme.
Good Practice Guidance for Management of Acid and Metalliferous Drainage in Tasmania (2020-2025). http://www.mrt.tas.gov.au [Accessed 2 November, 2020].
Haidar, H., Hijazi, A., Houseein, D., El-khatib, W., Rammal, H., Mcheick, A., Damaj, Z. and Nassir, A.A. 2016. Removals of lead (II) from waste waters by activated carbon from Lebanese Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass): a comparative study. European Chemical Bulletin 22(1): 23-28, doi:10.17628/ecb.2016.5.23.
Hengen, T.J. and Stone, J.J. 2015. Lifecycle assessment analysis of active and passive acid mine drainage treatment technologies. Resource Conservation and Recycling 8: 160-167, doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.01.003.
Hutson, S.S., Barber, N.L., Kenny, J.F., Linsey, K.S., Lumia, D.S. and Maupin, M.A. 2004. Estimated use of Water in the United States in 2000: Reston, Va., U.S. Geological Survey Circular. Pp. 1268, 46.
Jeffery, L.S. 2004. Characterisation of the Coal Resources of South Africa. Proceedings of SAIMM, Sustainability of Coal, 7–9 September 2004.
John, R., Singlar, V., Goyal, M., Kumar, P. and Singla, A. 2017. Acid Mine Drainage: Sources, Impacts and Prevention. Environmental Biotechnology.
Jusoh, A., Shiung, L. S., Ali, N., and Noor, M.J.M.M., 2007. A simulation study of the removal efficiency of granular activated carbon on cadmium and lead. Desalination 206(1-3): 9–16, doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2006.04.048.
King, H.B. 2020. Marcasite: Mineral Properties and Uses. https://www.Geology.com [Accessed 14 November, 2020].
Kontopolous, A., Komnita, K., Xenidis, A.,Papassiopi, N. 1996. Environmental Management in Polymetallicsulphide mines. In: Environmental Issues of Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production, DIGITA, Caglira, 1: (R. Ciccu, ed.), 321-330.
Matsumoto, S., Ishimatsu, H., Shimada, H., Sasaoka, T. and Kusuma, G.J. 2018. Characterization of mine waste and acid mine drainage prediction by simple testing methods in terms of the effects of sulfate-sulfur and carbonate minerals. Minerals 8(9): 403, doi:10.3390/min8090403.
Miller, L.A. and Bruland, K.W. 1997. Competitive equilibration techniques for determining transition metal speciation in natural waters: evaluation using model data. Analytica Chimica Acta 343: 161-182.
Ministry of Mines and Steel Development, MMSD. 2014. Coal: Exploration and Power Generating Opportunities in Nigeria. A Publication of MMSD, 5.
Miranda, M. and Sauer, A. 2010. Mine the Gap: Connecting Water Risks and Disclosure in the Mining Sector. WRI Working Paper. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. Pp. 1-30.
Momoh, A., Rotji, E.P., Odewumi, S.C., Opuwari, M., Ojo, O.J. and Olorunyomi, A. 2017. Preliminary investigation of trace elements in acid mine drainage from Odagbo coal mine, North central, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Earth Science 7(1): 1-7
Mudd, G. 2008. Sustainability Reporting and Water Resources: A Preliminary Assessment of Embodied Water and Sustainable Mining, pp. 140-141.
NDEP (Nevada Division of Environmental Protection). 2013. Waste Rock and Overburden Evaluation.
Ojonimi, I.T., Asuke, F., Onimisi, M.A., Onuh, Y.C. and Tshiongo-Magwe, N. 2020. Coal mining and the environmental impact of acid mine drainage (AMD): a review. Nigerian Journal of Technology 39(3): 738-743, doi:10.4314/njt.v39i3.12.
Omali, A.O. and Egboka, B.C.E. 2014. Physico-chemical assessment of water around Okaba coal mine, Kogi State, North-central Nigeria. Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences 12(2): 140-203.
Parbhakar-For, A. and Lottermoser, B.G., 2015. A critical review of acid rock drainage prediction methods and practices. Minerals Engineering 82: 107-124, doi: 10.1016/j.mineng.2015.03.015.
Pongratz, J. 2004. Newsletter of the Center for Ore Deposit, an ARC Special Research Center at the University of Tasmania, pp. 1-12.
Pope, J., Christenson, H., Gordon, K., Newman, N. and Trumm, D. 2018. Decrease in acid mine drainage release rate from pit walls in Brunner coal measures. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 61(2): 195-206, doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1448289.
Pope, J., Newman, N., Craw, D., Trumm, D. and Rait, R. 2010. Factors that influence coal mine drainage chemistry in West Coast, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 53(2-3): 115-128, doi: 10.1080/00288306.2010.498405.
Presita, A., Bowell, R.J., Warrender, J. and Brough, C. 2015. Application of ABA Methods to Barite Projects in Nevada. Proceedings of the International Geochemistry Symposium, Arizona, USA, 20-24 April, 2004.
Ray, S. and Dey, K. 2020. Coal Mine Water Drainage: The Current Status and Challenges. Journal of the Institution of Engineers. India Serial. D., doi: 10.1007/s40033-020-00222-5.
Saha, S. and Sinha, A. 2018. A review on treatment of acid mine drainage with waste materials: a novel approach. Global NEST Journal 20(3): 512-528, doi: 10.30955/gnj.002610.
Sobek, A.A, Schuller, W.A., Freeman, J.R. and Smith, R.M., 1978. Field and Laboratory Methods Applicable to Overburden and Mine Soils, EPA 600/2-78-054, 203.
Soni, A.K. and Wolkersdorfer, C. 2016. Mine water: policy perspective for improving water management in the mining environment with respect to developing economies. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment 30(2): 115-127, doi: 10.1080/17480930.2015.1011372.
Sun, Q., McDonald, L.M. and Skousen, J.K. 2019. Effects of Armouring on Limestone Neutralization of AMD. Publications of the West Virginia University.
Swart, E. 2003. The South African Legislative Framework for Mine Closure. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. pp. 489-492.
Thorsten, C. 2013. Some Chemistry of Acid Mine Drainage. CR Scientific LLC. http://www.crscientific.com/article-amd.html [Accessed 11 November, 2020].
UNEP-BEP Barcelona convention, 2018. unep.org/unepmap [Accessed 16 August, 2021].
UNEPFI. 2020. Annual Overview 07/2019–12/2020, https://www.unepfi.org/ [Accessed 20 November, 2020].
USEPA. 1994. Technical Document of Acid Mine Drainage Prediction, Office of Solid Waste, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C,.5.
Vithana, C.L., Sullivan, L.A., Bush, R.T. and Burton, E.D. 2013. Acidity fractions in acid sulphate soils and sediments: contributions of schwertmannite and jarosite. Soil Research 51(3): 203–214, doi:10.1071/sr12291
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.