Indexed By
SJR Rank

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Debrah Memshima Oahimire
World Bank Africa Centre of Excellence, Centre for Oilfield Chemicals Research, University of Port Harcourt
Nigeria

PhD student

Victor Uchechi Ukaegbu
Department of Geology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Nigeria

Joel Friday Ogbonna
World Bank Africa Centre of Excellence, Centre for Oilfield Chemicals Research, University of Port Harcourt
Nigeria

User
Author Guidelines

Visitor Statistic

Quality assessment of some baryte ores in Benue state area, Nigeria for oilfield drilling

Debrah Memshima Oahimire, Victor Uchechi Ukaegbu, Joel Friday Ogbonna
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 2861-2872  
Viewed : 111 times

Abstract


The massive exploration and production well drillings in Nigerian oilfield indicate the demand for drilling fluid supplements such as baryte, in managing over-pressured formations and preventing hazardous blowouts. The underdevelopment of Nigerian solid minerals has created a wide gap between the demand and supply of the local resource, whereas there exist some assertions that the Nigerian baryte quality is below the American Petroleum Institute, API, standard. This study aimed at testing and evaluating qualitatively, based on API standards, some baryte ores from the Benue area, Nigeria, to establish their usefulness or otherwise in oilfield drilling operations. General field studies and sampling with laboratory studies were done including flame tests, X-ray Diffraction and X-ray fluorescence, to confirm mineralogy and chemical compositions of the barytes respectively and very importantly, the API tests prescribed for drilling grade barytes were carried out. The results showed impressive quality barytes with a specific gravity range from 4.10 to 4.49 and concentration of alkaline earth metals as calcium, Ca, 20mg/kg to 48mg/kg, particle sizes processed within API standard requirement, and the weight percentage of BaSO4 composition of the ores ranged from 93.55% to 99.61%.  There were no significant impurities of threat such as carbonates, iron ores, silicates and sulphides. The estimation of reserves and proper development of the resource is highly recommended as the quantity and quality might enhance the sustainability of local drilling grade baryte supply and save Nigeria the current huge capital flight and other plights

Keywords


API requirement; baryte; oilfield drilling fluid; quality assessment; weighting material

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adebayo, T. 2020. Federal Government Initiates Road Map to Develop Barite Adegbite. The Independent. Accessed September 30 2020. https://www.independent.ng/fg-initiate-road-map-to-develop-barite-adegbite/.

API Spec 13A. 2004. Drilling Fluids Materials – Specifications and tests, 16th edition. American Petroleum Institute, Washington DC., U.S.A., 124p.

API Spec 13A. 2010. Specification for drilling fluid materials, 18th edition. American Petroleum Institute, Washington DC., U.S.A., 13-23p, 83-96p.

Ariffin, K.S. 2004. Barite (Barium). EBS 425 – Mineral Perindustrian. School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia. 1-9p.

Bamalli, U.S. 2013. Geological occurrences, characterization and beneficiation of some Nigerian baryte deposits for oil drilling. Ph.D. Thesis, Nasarawa State University, Nigeria.

Benkhelil, J. 1982. The Benue trough and the Benue chain. Geology Magazine 119(2): 155-168.

Betekhtin, A., Agol, V. and Gurevich, A. 1964. A course of mineralogy, 1st edition. Peace Publishers.

Boamah, S.K. 2019. Comparative Analysis of Barite Production in Africa. Ph.D. thesis, African University of Science and Technology, Abuja, Nigeria.

Bogue, R.G. 1951. Baryte prospect near Gabu, Ogoja Province. Geological Survey of Nigeria Report No. 1014 (unpublished).

Bonel, K.A. 2005. Barytes. British Geological Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, Keyworth, Nottingham, U.K. 1-28p.

Bosch, C. 2016. Oilfield mineral consumption trends. Proceedings of the Oilfield Minerals & Markets Forum. 5-7 June 2016. Houston, Texas, U.S.A. 1-12p.

Chevron Nigeria Ltd. 2018. 2017 Corporate Responsibility Report. Chevron Nigeria Ltd, Lekki Peninsula, Lagos, Nigeria. 44-45p.

Clarion Events Africa. 2020. Nigeria bans Barite Importation. Proceedings from the 5th Annual Nigeria Mining Week. Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa. September 30, 2020. https://www.nigeriaminingweek.com/mining-nigeria-bans-barite-importation.

Cratchley, J.D. and Jones G.P. 1965. An interpretation of the geology and gravity anomalies of the Benue Valley, Nigeria. Overseas Geology Survey, Geophysical 1(26): 1-27.

Darely, H. and Gray, G. 1988. Drilling Fluid Components. In: Darely, H. and Gray, G., Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids. 5th ed. Gulf Professional Publishing, Houston, U.S.A. pp. 545-617.

Ebunu, A.I. 2017. Technical assessment of mining site and Barite quality in Nigeria. Ph.D. Thesis, African University of Science and Technology, Abuja, Nigeria.

Economic Confidential. 2020. Mining: Nigeria bans barite importation. Accessed September 30 2020. https://economicconfidential.com/2020/02/mining-bans-barite-importation/.

Ene, E.G., Okogbue, C.O. and Dim, C.P. 2012. Structural styles and economic potential of some baryte deposits in the Southern Benue trough, Nigeria. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences 86(1): 27-40.

Energy Mix Report. 2019. I.O.C.s push for in country Barite exploration to reduce N5bn annual capital flight. Accessed September 30, 2020. https://www.energymixreport.com/iocs-push-for-in-country-barite-exploration-to-reduce-n5bn-annual-capital-flight/.

Farrington, J.A. 1952. A preliminary description of the Nigerian Lead-Zinc field. Economic Geology 47(6): 583-608.

Foraminifera Market Research. 2016. Barite Ore trading in Nigeria; How viable? Accessed September 30, 2020. https://foramfera.com/2016/03/04/barite-ore-trading-in-nigeria-how-viable/.

Guiraud, M. 1993. Late Jurassic-early cretaceous rifting and late cretaceous transgression inversion in the upper Benue Basin, NE, Nigeria. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf Aquitaine 17(2): 371-383.

Hanor, J. 2000. Barite-celestine geochemistry and environments of formation. Reviews in Mineralogy. Mineralogical Society of America 40(1): 193–275.

Johnson, C.A., Piatak, N.M. and Miller, M.M. 2017. Barite (Barium). In: Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C. (eds.), Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802. U.S Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, USA. p. D1–D18.

Kadiri, F. 2020. Barite: Industrial minerals road-map will address import-dependency, job losses - Minister. Accessed September 30, 2020. https://www.truthng.com/barite-industrial-minerals-road-map-will-address-import-dependency-job-html.

King, H.M. 2013. Barite mineral uses and properties. Geology Website, pp 1-4. Accessed September 30, 2020. https://geology.com/minerals/barite.shtml.

Labe, N.A., Ogunleye, P.O., Ibrahim, A.A., Fajulugbe, T. and Gbadema, S.T. 2018. Review of the occurrence and structural controls of Baryte resources of Nigeria. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 5(3): 2502-2458.

McRae, M.E. 2016. Barite (Advanced Release), in metals and minerals, Minerals Year Book, 1st edition. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, U.S.A. 9.1-9.10p.

McRae, M.E. 2020. Barite. In: US. Geological Survey. Mineral Commodity Summaries, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, USA. 28-29p.

Mineral Galleries. 2001. The mineral, Barite. Amethyst Galleries. Accessed September 30, 2020. www.ingalleries.com/barite.

Ministry of Mines and Steel Development (MMSD). 2008. Barytes: Exploration Opportunities in Nigeria. Abuja, 1-7. Moscow, Russia. 368-372p.

Musaed, N.J., AI-Awad and AI-Qasabi, A.O. 2000. Characterization and testing of Saudi Barite for potential use in drilling operations. Journal of King Saud University 13(2): 287-299.

NGSA (Nigeria Geological Survey Agency). 2011. Mineral Resources Inventory of Gold, Barite, Gypsum and Bentonite. Unpublished.

O’Driscoll, M.O. 2017. Barite miners in Nigeria receive a government boost; Call for import ban to be reinstated. Proceedings from the Industrial Mineral Forums and Research. 21-23 May 2017. The Houstonian Hotel, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. p 1-10.

Oden, M.I. 2012. Barite Veins in the Benue trough: Field characteristics, the quality issue and some tectonic implication. Environment and Natural Resources Research 2(2): 21-31.

Oguche S. 2020. FG to Ban Importation of Barite. The Rock Post, pp 1-3. Accessed September 30, 2020. https://rockpostng.com/2020/02/fg-to-ban-importation-of-barite/.

Okeke, J. 2020. Barite: Adegbite harps on Industrial Minerals Road to address import dependency, job losses others. The Authority, pp 1-6. Accessed September 30, 2020. https://authorityngr.com/2020/02/28/barite-adegbite-harps-on-industrial-minerals-road-to-address-import-dependency-job-losses-others/.

Pulidindi, K. and Pande, H. 2017. Barite market analysis report - Global Industry Forecast, 1st Edition. Global Market Insight. Selbyville, Delaware, U.S.A, 172p.

Ukpe, W. 2020. Nigeria to Save 300 Million from Importation of Barite. Nairametrics, pp 1-4. Accessed September 30, 2020. https://nairametrics.com/2020/07/19/nigeria-to-save-300-million-from-importation-of-barite/.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By