Indexed By
Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Ronggo Sadono
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Indonesia

Wahyu Wardhana
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Indonesia

Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Indonesia

Fahmi Idris
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Indonesia

User
Template

Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Soil chemical properties influences on the growth performance of Eucalyptus urophylla planted in dryland ecosystems, East Nusa Tenggara

Ronggo Sadono, Wahyu Wardhana, Pandu Yudha Adi Putra Wirabuana, Fahmi Idris
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 2635-2642  
Viewed : 84 times

Abstract


Understanding the relationship between soil chemical characteristics and forest productivity is importantly required to support sustainable forest management, mainly in eucalyptus plantation. This study investigated the influence of soil chemical properties on the growth performance of Eucalyptus urophylla which established in dryland ecosystems, East Nusa Tenggara. Forest inventory was undertaken by N-trees sampling in the priority locations for E. urophylla development, located in Buat, Fatukoto1, and Fatukoto2. Four parameters were selected to describe the growth performance of E. urophylla, comprising diameter, height, volume, and mean annual increment. In each sampling point, soil sample was collected at the depths of 0-10, 11-20, and 21-30 cm. Then, the sample was composited before brought to the laboratory for quality analysis. Six parameters were selected to quantify the soil chemical characteristics, namely soil acidity (pH), soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN), available phosphorus (Av-P), exchangeable potassium (Exc-K), and cation exchange capacity (CEC). Results found that soil chemical properties from three locations were significantly different in pH, SOC, Av-P, and CEC. However, this study recorded the content of TN and Exc-K were statistically equal among the three sites. Difference soil chemical properties were also followed by the variation growth of E. urophylla, particularly in diameter and height. The highest volume of eucalyptus stand was observed in Fatukoto1 (181.06+95.46 m3 ha-1), followed by Buat (142.67+27.19 m3 ha-1) and FatukotoII (99.09+62.46 m3 ha-1). There were four soil parameters that meaningfully affected the growth performance of E. urophylla, i.e. pH, Av-P, Exc-K, and CEC. Among those parameters, Av-P demonstrated a consistent effect on the growth performance of E. urophylla. According to these findings, this study concluded that Av-P substantially provided higher effect on the growth performance of E. urophylla than other soil chemical parameters.


Keywords


available phosphorus; eucalyptus plantation; forest productivity; sustainable management

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alam, S., Purwanto, B.H., Hanudin, E. and Putra, E.T.S. 2020. Soil diversity influences on oil palm productivity in ultramafic ecosystems, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity 21: 5521-5530.

Amezquita, P.S.M., Rubiano, J.A.M., Filho, N.F.D.B. and Cipriani, H.N. 2018. Fertilization effects on Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell productivity in the Colombian Orinoco Region. Revista Arvore 42: 1-8.

Basiri, R., Moradi, M., Kiani, B. and Babaarabi, M.M. 2018. Evaluation of distance methods for estimating population density in Populus euphratica Olivier natural stands (case study: Maroon riparian forests, Iran). Journal of Forest Science 64: 230-244.

Bassaco, M.V.M., Motta, A.C.V., Pauletti, V., Prior, S.A., Nisgoski, S. and Ferreira, C.F. 2018. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium requirements for Eucalyptus urograndis plantations in southern Brazil. New Forest 49: 681-697.

Behera, S.K., Suresh, K., Rao, B.N., Manoja, K. and Manorama, K. 2016. Soil nutrient status and leaf nutrient norms in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) plantations grown in the west coastal area of India. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 47: 255-262.

Booth, T.H. 2013. Eucalypt plantations and climate change. Forest Ecology and Management 301: 28-34.

Catoni, M., D'Amico, M.E., Zanini, E. and Bonifacio, E. 2016. Effect of pedogenic processes and formation factors on organic matter stabilization in alpine forest soils. Geoderma 263: 151-160.

Cavalett, O., Slettmo, S.N. and Cherubini, F. 2018. Energy and environmental aspects of using eucalyptus from Brazil for energy and transportation services in Europe. Sustainability 10: 1-18.

Charan, G., Bharti, V.K., Jadhav, S.E., Kumar, S., Acharya, S., Kumar, P., Gogoi, D. and Srivastava, R.B. 2013. Altitudinal variations in soil physico-chemical properties at cold desert high altitude. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 13: 267-277.

Crous, K.Y., Ósvaldsson, A. and Ellsworth, D.S. 2015. Is phosphorus limiting in a mature eucalyptus woodland? Phosphorus fertilisation stimulates stem growth. Plant and Soil 391: 293-305.

Dessalegn, D., Beyene, S., Nandram, Walley, F. and Gala, T.S. 2014. Effects of topography and land use on soil characteristics along the toposequence of Ele watershed in southern Ethiopia. Catena 115: 47-54.

Estefan, G., Sommer, R. and Ryan, J. 2013. Methods of Soil, Plant, and Water Analysis. International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas.

Forrester, D.I., Bauhus, J., Cowie, A.L. and Vanclay, J.K. 2006. Mixed-species plantations of eucalyptus with nitrogen-fixing trees: a review. Forest Ecology and Management 233: 211-230.

Ge, X., Zeng, L., Xiao, W., Huang, Z., Geng, X. and Tan, B. 2013. Effect of litter substrate quality and soil nutrients on forest litter decomposition: a review. Acta Ecologica Sinica 33: 102-108.

Gotore, T., Murepa, R. and Gapare, W.J. 2014. Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on the growth and flowering of some bedding plants. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 26: 22-31.

Guo, J., Jia, Y., Chen, H., Zhang, L., Yang, J., Zhang, J., Hu, X., Ye, X., Li, Y. and Zhou, Y. 2019. Growth, photosynthesis, and nutrient uptake in wheat are affected by differences in nitrogen levels and forms and potassium supply. Scientific Reports 9: 1-12.

Haxtema, Z., Temesgen, H. and Marquardt, T. 2012. Evaluation of n-tree distance sampling for inventory of headwater riparian forests of Western Oregon. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 27: 109-117.

Jahed, R., Hosseini, S.M. and Kooch, Y. 2014. The effect of natural and planted forest stands on soil fertility in the Hyrcanian region, Iran. Biodiversitas: Journal of Biological Diversity 15: 206-214.

Kalima, T., Malik, J. and Sunarto, 2019. Exploration or rattan species in Timor Tengah Selatan District, East Nusa Tenggara. Journal of Pro-Life 6: 160-170.

Kandari, A.M., Alam, S., Muhidin, Halim, and Yuswandi. 2018. Assessment of land biophysical properties on different slope positions as management conservation in Districts of North Moramo, South Konawe, Indonesia. Bioscience Resource 15: 505-512.

Kurniadi, R. and Pujiono, E. 2009. Carbon content of Mount Mutis Area in Kupang. Center of Research for Forestry and Environment Kupang.

Lal, R. 2015. Restoring soil quality to mitigate soil degradation. Sustainability 7: 5875-5895.

Li, G., Zhang, Z., Shi, L., Zhou, Y., Yang, M. and Cao, J. 2018. Effects of different grazing intensities on soil C, N, and P in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibetan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15: 1-16.

Lu, H., Xu, J., Li, G. and Liu, W. 2020. Site classification of Eucalyptus urophylla × Eucalyptus grandis plantations in China. Forests 11: 1-15.

Maynard, D.G., Paré, D., Thiffault, E., Lafleur, B., Hogg, K.E. and Kishchuk, B. 2014. How do natural disturbances and human activities affect soils and tree nutrition and growth in the Canadian boreal forest? Environmental Reviews 22: 161-178.

Melo, E.A.S.C., Goncalves, J.L.M., Rocha, J.H.T., Hakamada, R.E., Bazani, J.H., Wenzel, A.V.A., Junior, J.C.A., Borges, J.S., Malheiros, R., Lemos, C.C.Z., Ferreira, E.V.O. and Ferraz, A.V. 2016. Responses of clonal eucalypt plantations to N, P and K fertilizer application in different edaphoclimatic conditions. Forests 7: 1-15.

Mirzaei, M. and Eslam, A. 2016. Comparison of fixed area and distance sampling methods in open forests?: case study of Zagros Forest, Iran. Journal of Forestry Research 27: 1121-1126.

Mohamadi, M.A. and Kavian, A. 2015. Effects of rainfall patterns on runoff and soil erosion in field plots. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 3: 273-281.

Novara, A., Pisciotta, A., Minacapilli, M., Maltese, A., Capodici, F., Cerdà, A. and Gristina, L. 2018. The impact of soil erosion on soil fertility and vine vigor. A multidisciplinary approach based on field, laboratory and remote sensing approaches. Science of The Total Environment 622-623: 474-480.

Pulleman, M., Creamer, R., Hamer, U., Helder, J., Pelosi, C., Pérès, G. and Rutgers, M. 2012. Soil biodiversity, biological indicators and soil ecosystem services-an overview of European approaches. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4: 529-538.

Raj, A., Jhariya, M.K. and Bargali, S.S. 2016. Bund based agroforestry using eucalyptus species: a review. Current Agriculture Research Journal 4: 148-158.

Rannestad, M.M. and Gessesse, T.A. 2020. Deforestation and subsequent cultivation of nutrient poor soils of miombo woodlands of Tanzania: Long term effect on maize yield and soil nutrients. Sustainability 12: 1-14.

Resende, R.T., Soares, A.A.V., Forrester, D.I., Marcatti, G.E., dos Santos, A.R., Takahashi, E.K., de Silva, F.F., Grattapaglia, D., Resende, M.D.V. and Leite, H.G. 2018. Environmental uniformity, site quality and tree competition interact to determine stand productivity of clonal eucalyptus. Forest Ecology and Management 410: 76-83.

Rezaei, H., Jafarzadeh, A.A., Alijanpour, A., Shahbazi, F. and Kamran, K.V. 2015. Effect of slope position on soil properties and types along an elevation gradient of Arasbaran forest, Iran. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology 5: 449-456.

Rodríguez-Soalleiro, R., Eimil-Fraga, C., Gómez-García, E., García-Villabrille, J.D., Rojo-Alboreca, A., Muñoz, F., Oliveira, N., Sixto, H. and Pérez-Cruzado, C. 2018. Exploring the factors affecting carbon and nutrient concentrations in tree biomass components in natural forests, forest plantations and short rotation forestry. Forest Ecosystems 5: 1-18.

Sadono, R., Soeprijadi, D. and Wirabuana, P.Y.A.P. 2019. Effect of chemical soil properties on the growth of cajuptus (Melaleuca leucadendron (L.) Linnaeus) stand. Journal of Forestry Research Wallacea 8: 1-7.

Sadono, R., Wardhana, W., Wirabuana, P.Y.A.P. and Idris, F. 2020. Productivity evaluation of Eucalyptus urophylla plantation established in dryland ecosystems, East Nusa Tenggara. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 8: 2502-2458.

Sáez-Plaza, P., Navas, M.J., Wybraniec, S., Michalowski, T. and Asuero, A.G. 2013. An overview of the Kjeldahl method of nitrogen determination. Part II. Sample preparation, working scale, instrumental finish, and quality control. Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry 43: 224-272.

Sato, J.H., de Figueiredo, C.C., Marchão, R.L., Madari, B.E., Benedito, L.E.C., Busato, J.G. and Souza, D.M. 2014. Methods of soil organic carbon determination in Brazilian savannah soils. Scientia Agricola 71: 302-308.

Scholten, T., Goebes, P., Kuhn, P., Seitz, S., Assmann, T., Bauhus, J., Bruelheide, H., Buscot, F., Erfmeier, A., Fischer, M., Hartle, W., He, J.S., Ma, K., Niklaus, P.A., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Shi, X., Song, Z., Von Oheimb, G., Wirth, C., Wubet, T. and Schmidt, K. 2017. On the combined effect of soil fertility and topography on tree growth in subtropical forest ecosystems'a study from SE China. Journal of Plant Ecolgy 10: 111-127.

Silva, C.S., Koralage, I.S.A., Weerasinghe, P. and Silva, N.R.N. 2015. the determination of available phosphorus in soil: a quick and simple method. OUSL Journal 8: 1-17.

Silva, L.B., Alves, M., Elias, R.B. and Silva, L. 2017. Comparison of T -Square, Point Centered Quarter, and N -Tree Sampling methods in Pittosporum undulatum invaded woodlands. International Journal of Forestry Research 2017.

Steffan, J.J., Brevik, E.C., Burgess, L.C. and Cerdà, A. 2018. The effect of soil on human health: an overview. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 69: 159-171.

Suryanto, P., Tohari, Putra, E.T.S. and Alam, T. 2017. Minimum soil quality determinant for rice and 'kayu putih' yield under Hilly areas. Journal of Agronomy 16: 115-123.

Susila, I.W.W. and Darwo. 2015. The increment and volume estimation of eucalypt stand at Wololobo Forest Area, Bajawa Flores. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman 12(2): 105-113 (in Indonesian).

Tng, D.Y.P., Janos, D.P., Jordan, G.J., Weber, E. and Bowman, D.M.J.S. 2014. Phosphorus limits Eucalyptus grandis seedling growth in an unburnt rain forest soil. Frontier Plant Science 5: 1-11.

Vance, E.D., Loehle, C., Wigley, T.B. and Weatherford, P. 2014. Scientific basis for sustainable management of eucalyptus and populus as short-rotation woody crops in the U.S. Forests 5: 901-918.

Wang, Y.L., Gao, Z., Wang, Y., Zhang, Y.H., Zhuang, X.Y. and Zhang, H. 2015. Phosphorus availability and transformation as affected by repeated phosphorus additions in an Ultisol. Communication in. Soil Science and Plant Analysis 46: 1922-1933.

Wirabuana, P.Y.A.P., Sadono, R., Juniarso, S. and Idris, F. 2020. Interaction of fertilization and weed control influences on growth, biomass, and carbon in eucalyptus hybrid (E. pellita × E. brassiana). Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 26: 144-154.

Wirabuana, P.Y.A.P., Sadono, R. and Jurniarso, S. 2019. Fertilization effects on early growth, aboveground biomass, carbon storage, and leaf characteristics of Eucalyptus pellita F.Muell. in South Sumatra. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 25: 154-163.

Wubie, M.A. and Assen, M. 2020. Effects of land cover changes and slope gradient on soil quality in the Gumara watershed, Lake Tana basin of North-West Ethiopia. Model. Earth Systems and Environment 6,: 85-97.

Yan, X., Liu, M., Zhong, J., Guo, J. and Wu, W. 2018. How human activities affect heavy metal contamination of soil and sediment in a long-term reclaimed area of the Liaohe River Delta, North China. Sustainability 10: 1-19.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By