Smallholder farmers’ perception on ecosystem-based approaches for remedying land degradation in Nabdam District, Ghana
The co-benefits from the implementation of ecosystem-based approaches in managing land degradation and enhancing ecosystem services have not been adequately explored in the mainstream literature. The study aims at identifying the indicators of land degradation and the associated ecosystem-based approaches used to remedy the situation. The ecosystem-based approaches refer to ecosystems and ecosystem services together with their flexible management in a cultural setting. The paper adopts a descriptive research design with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Principally, it targets 236 smallholder farmers for the survey, key informants for interviews and community members for focus group discussion. The results revealed that land degradation is mainly identified by reduced crop yield (53%). Farmer identification of land degradation is influenced by the age of the farmer (p = 0.001) with The ecosystem-based approaches include stone bonding, crop rotation, mulching and particularly, composting (53%). The ecosystem-based approaches are statistically linked to the communities with p-value of 0.020. A p-value of 0.001 shows that the ecosystem-based approaches are beneficial in the various study communities. Farmers’ experience over the past five years is statistically related to the age of respondents (p = 0.008). The p-value of 0.000 indicates very strong statistical significance of the challenges of ecosystem-based approaches in the communities. The ecosystem-based approaches have long term goals for sustainable land improvement and may not be realized unless there is direct policy to take care of the approaches even in the short term.
.Agyemang, I., McDonald, A. and Carver, S. 2007. Application of DPSIR framework to environmental degradation assessment in Northern Ghana. Natural Resource Forum 31: 212-225.
Bai, Z., Dent, D., Wu, Y. and de Jong, R. 2013. Land Degradation and Ecosystem Services. In: Lal, R. (ed.), Ecosystem Services and Carbon Sequestration in the Biosphere. Dordrecht: Springer Science, 357-381.
Bai, Z.G., Dent, D.L., Olsson L. and Schaepman, M.E. 2008. Proxy global assessment of land degradation. Soil Use and Management 24: 223-234.
Cerretelli, S., Poggio, L., Gimona, A., Yakob, G., Boke, S., Habte, M., Coull, M., Peressotti, A. and Black, H. 2018. Spatial assessment of land degradation through key ecosystem services: the role of globally available data. Science of the Total Environment 628: 539-629.
Chong, J. 2014. Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation: progress and challenges. International Environment Agreements 14: 391-405.
GEF. 2014. Combating Land Degradation in Production Landscapes: Learning from GEF Projects Applying Integrated Approaches. New York: Global Environmental Facility.
Gisladottir, G. and Stocking, M. 2005. Land degradation control and its global environmental benefits. Land Degradation and Development 16: 99-112.
GSS. 2014. 2010 population and housing census district analytical report. Nabdam District. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service.
Gyasi, E.A., Karikari, O., Kranjac-Berisavljevic, G. and Vordzogbe, V.V. 2006. Study of Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Relative to Land Management in Ghana. Accra: University of Ghana, Legon,1-91 http://www.nlcap.net/ fileadmin/NCAP/Countries/Ghana.
Hernandez, J.A. 2016. Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Handbook. International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Amsterdam.
IPBES. 2018. The Assessment Report on Land Degradation and Restoration: Summary for Policymakers. Bonn, Germany: Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).
IUCN. 2015. Land Degradation Neutrality: Implications and Opportunities for Conservation. Nairobi: IUCN.
LADA. 2011. Manual for Local Level Assessment of Land Degradation and Sustainable Land Management. Rome: FAO, 1-165.
Mahala, A. 2018. Identifying the factors and status of land degradation in a tropical plateau region. GeoJournal 84: 1199–1218, doi: 10.1007/s10708-018-9916-x.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Desertification Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
Mohler, C.L. and Johnson, S.E. 2009. Crop Rotation on Organic Farms: A Planning Manual. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Services (NRAES), Ithaca, NY.
Orr, B., Cowie, A.L., Castillo Sanchez, V.M., Chasek, P., Crossman, N.D., Erlewein, A., Louwagie, G., Maron, M., Metternicht, G.I., Minelli, S., Tengberg, A.E., Walter, S. and Welton, S. 2017. Scientific Conceptual Framework for Land Degradation Neutrality. A Report of the Science-Policy Interface. Bonn, Germany United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).
Peprah, K. 2018. Agroclimatology of Africa with Special Reference to Ghana. Woeli Publishing Services Accra.
Pirot. J.-Y., Meynell. P.J. and Elder, D. 2000. Ecosystem Management: Lessons from Around the World. A Guide for Development and Conservation Practitioners.International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Quatrini, S. and Crossman, N.D. 2018. Most Finance to half desertification also benefits multiple ecosystem services: a key to unlock investments in land degradation neutrality?. Ecosystem Services 31: 265-277.
Reed, M.S., Stringer. L.C., Dougil, A.J., Perkins, J.S., Atlhopheng, J.R. and Mulale, K. 2015. Reorienting land degradation towards sustainable land management: linking sustainable livelihoods with ecosystem services in rangeland systems. Journal of Environmental Management 151: 472-485.
Safriel, U. 2017. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) in drylands and beyond - where has it come from and where does it go. Silva Fennica 51, doi.org/10.14214/sf.1650, 19.
Safriel, U.N. 2007. The Assessment of Global Trends in Land Degradation. In: Sivakumar, M.V.K. and Ndiang'ui, N. (eds.), Climate and Land Degradation. New York: Springer, 2-38.
Sandra, N., Anzaldua, G., Gerdes, H., Frelih-Larsen, A., Davis, M., Berry, P., Burch, S. and Sanders, M. 2011. Assessment of the Potential of Ecosystem-based Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Europe. Oxford: Ecologic Institute and Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, Final Report to the European Commission, DG Environment, Contact no.070307/2010/580412/SER/B2.
Stocking, M.A. and Murnaghan, N. 2001. Handbook for the Field Assessment of Land Degradation. Earthscan Publications Ltd, London.
UNCCD. 2012. Zero Net Land Degradation. Bonn: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification) 1-32.
UNEP. 2004. The Ecosystem Approach. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Vignola, R., Harvey, C.A., Bautista-Solis, P., Avelino, J., Rapidel, B., Donatti, C. and Martinez, R. 2015. Ecosystem-based adaptation for smallholder farmers: definitions, opportunities and constraints. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 211: 126-132.
Willemen, L., Crossman, N.D., Quatrini, S., Egoh, B., Kalaba, F.K., Mbilinyi, B. and de Groot, R. 2018. Identifying ecosystem service hotspots for targeting land degradation neutrality investments in South-Eastern Africa. Journal of Arid Environment 159: 75-86.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.