Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Yekti Sri Rahayu
Faculty of Agriculture, Wisnuwardhana University
Indonesia

Postgraduate Programme, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University

Tatik Wardiyati
Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University
Indonesia

Moch Dawam Maghfoer
Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University
Indonesia

User
Information for Author
Indexed By








Visitor Statistic

Accumulation of Pb in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) from the use of fertilizer and pesticide

Yekti Sri Rahayu, Tatik Wardiyati, Moch Dawam Maghfoer
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 2139-2148  
Viewed : 123 times

Abstract


A series of experiments in a plastic house were carried out to test the accumulation of Pb metal in Chinese cabbage and bean plants from the application of several Pb sources. The research method used was a split-plot design with the main plot was the application of Pb source consisting of A1 = pesticide (99 mg Pb/kg), A2 = fertilizer (21 mg Pb/kg), A3 = Pb(NO3)2 (50 mg Pb/kg) and A4 = control (without the application of Pb), and the subplot was the vegetable crops consisting of B1 = Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa) and B2 = bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). The results of the experiment showed that the Pb content in the shoots of Chinese cabbage and bean plants that were previously sprayed with pesticide was significantly 231.02% (Chinese cabbage) and 257.18% (bean) higher than control plants. Meanwhile, the largest Pb concentrations in the roots of Chinese cabbage and bean plants were obtained in plants applied with Pb(NO3)2. Compared to the control treatment, there was an increase in Pb concentration by 206.32% in the roots of Chinese cabbage plant and by 310.03% in the roots of bean plant which were applied with Pb(NO3)2. Pb concentrations of Chinese cabbage which were given fertilizer increased by 14.86% in the shoot and 30.59% in the root, while those in bean increased by 10.74% in the shoot and 98.77% in the root. Pb concentrations in Chinese cabbage and beans that were given fertilizer were not significantly different from control plants. These results indicate that the application of pesticide and fertilizer containing Pb results in Pb accumulation in the plant shoots and roots as well as in the soil.

Keywords


fertilizer; Pb concentration; pesticide; soil; vegetable crops

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agricultural Research and Development Agency, 2012. Technical Guidelines for Chemical Analysis of Soil, Plant, Water and Fertilizer. Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Indonesia (in Indonesian).

AlKhader, A.M.F. 2015. The impact of phosphorus fertilizers on heavy metals content of soils and vegetables grown on selected farms in Jordan. Agrotechnology 05(01): 1-5, doi: 10.4172/2168-9881.1000137.

Alloway, B.J. 2013. Heavy Metals in Soils. 3rd ed., Springer, London.

American Cancer Society. 2014. Lead. Medical Review. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/lead.html, Accessed on 17 December 2017.

Atafar, Z., Mesdaghinia, A., Nouri, J., Homaee, M., Yunesian, M., Ahmadimoghaddam, M. and Mahvi, A.H. 2010. Effect of fertilizer application on soil heavy metal concentration. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 160(1-4), 83-89, doi: 10.1007/s10661-008-0659-x.

Beesley, L., Moreno-Jiménez, E. and Gomez-Eyles, J.L. 2010. Effects of biochar and green waste compost amendments on mobility, bioavailability and toxicity of inorganic and organic contaminants in a multi-element polluted soil. Environmental Pollution 158(6): 2282-2287, doi : 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.02.003.

Bondada, B.R., Tu, S. and Ma, L.Q. 2004. Absorption of foliar-applied arsenic by the arsenic hyperaccumulating fern (Pteris vittata L.). Science of the Total Environment 332(1-3): 61-70, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.05.001.

Bray, R.H. and Kurtz, L.T. 1945. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Science 59: 39-45.

Czarnecki, S. and Düring, R.A. 2015. Influence of long-term mineral fertilization on metal contents and properties of soil samples taken from different locations in Hesse, Germany. Soil 1(1): 23-33, doi: 10.5194/soil-1-23-2015.

De Ruiter, H., Uffing, A.J.M., Meinen, E. and Prins, A. 1990. Influence of surfactants and plant species on leaf retention of spray solutions. Weed Science 38(6): 567-572, doi: 10.1017/s004317450005150x.

Filipiak-Szok, A., Kurzawa, M. and Szlyk, E. 2015. Determination of toxic metal s by ICP-MS in Asiatic and European medicinal plants and dietary supplements. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 30: 54-58, doi: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2014.10.008.

Forster, W.A., Mercer, G.N. and Schou, W.C. 2012. Spray droplet impaction models and their use within AGDISP software to predict retention. New Zealand Plant Protection 65: 85-92, doi: 10.30843/nzpp.2012.65.5393.

Galadima, A. and Garba, Z.N. 2012. Heavy metals pollution in Nigeria: causes and consequences. Elixir Pollution 45: 7917-7922.

Guo, J.H., Liu, X.J., Zhang, Y., Shen, J.L., Han, W.X., Zhang, W.F., Christie, P., Goulding, K.W.T., Vitousek, P.M. and Zhang, F.S. 2010. Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands. Science 327(5968): 1008-1010, doi: 10.1126/science.1182570.

Huq, S.M.I., Joardar, J.C., Parvin, S., Correll, R. and Naidu, R. 2006. Arsenic contamination in food-chain: transfer of arsenic into food materials through groundwater irrigation. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 24(3): 305-316.

Intawongse, M. and Dean, J.R. 2006. Uptake of heavy metals by vegetable plants grown on contaminated soil and their bioavailability in the human gastrointestinal tract. Food Additives and Contaminants 23: 36-48, doi: 10.1080/02652030500387554.

Iqbal, M., Ahmad, A., Ansari, M.K.A., Qureshi, M.I., Aref, I.M., Khan, P.R., Hegazy, S.S., El-Atta, H., Husen, A. and Hakeem, K.R. 2015. Improving the phytoextraction capacity of plants to scavenge metal(loid)-contaminated sites. Environmental Reviews 23(1): 44-65, doi : 10.1139/er-2014-0043.

Järup, L. 2003. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin 68: 167–182, doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldg032.

Jia, W. and Zhu, H. 2015. Dynamics of water droplet impact and spread on soybean leaves. Transactions of the ASABE 58(4): 1009-1016, doi.org/10.13031/trans.58.11147.

Khokhotva, O. and Waara, S. 2010. The influence of dissolved organic carbon on sorption of heavy metals on urea-treated pine bark. Journal of Hazardous Materials 173(1-3): 689-696, doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.08.149.

Kim, H.S., Kim, K.R., Kim, H.J., Yoon, J.H., Yang, J.E., Ok, Y.S., Owens, G. and Kim, K.H. 2015. Effect of biochar on heavy metal immobilization and uptake by lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in agricultural soil. Environmental Earth Sciences 74(2): 1249-1259, doi: 10.1007/s12665-015-4116-1.

Kumpiene, J., Lagerkvist, A. and Maurice, C. 2008. Stabilization of As, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soil using amendments - a review. Waste Management, 28(1): 215-225, doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2006.12.012.

Lamhamdi, M., El Galiou, O., Bakrim, A., Nóvoa-Muñoz, J. C., Arias-Estévez, M., Aarab, A. and Lafont, R. 2013. Effect of lead stress on mineral content and growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and spinach (Spinacia oleracea) seedlings. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 20(1): 29-36, doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2012.09.001.

Liang, Q., Chen, H., Gong, Y., Fan, M., Yang, H., Lal, R. and Kuzyakov, Y. 2012. Effects of 15 years of manure and inorganic fertilizers on soil organic carbon fractions in a wheat-maize system in the North China Plain. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 92(1): 21-33, doi: 10.1007/s10705-011-9469-6.

Liu, L., Hu, L., Tang, J., Li, Y., Zhang, Q. and Chen, X. 2012. Food safety assessment of planting patterns of four vegetable-type crops grown in soil contaminated by electronic waste activities. Journal of Environmental Management 93(1): 22-30, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.08.021.

Massinon, M. and Lebeau, F. 2013. Review of physicochemical processes involved in agrochemical spray retention. Biotechnology, Agronomy and Society and Environment 17(3): 494-504.

Mausi, G., Simiyu, G. and Lutta, S. 2014. Assessment of selected heavy metal concentrations in selected fresh fruits in Eldoret Town, Kenya. Journal of Environment and Earth Science 4(3): 1-8.

McBride, M.B., Simon, T., Tam, G. and Wharton, S. 2012. Lead and arsenic uptake by leafy vegetables grown on contaminated soils: effects of mineral and organic amendments. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 224: 1378-1387.

Mercer, G., Sweatman, W.L., Elvin, A., Caunce, J., Fulford, G., Harper, S. and Pennifold, R. 2007. Process driven models for spray retention by plants. Proceedings of the 2006 Mathematics-In-Industry Study Group. Ed. G Wake. pp. 57-85., 57-85.

Navas-Acien, A., Guallar, E., Silbergeld, E.K. and Rothenberg, S.J. 2007. Lead exposure and cardiovascular disease - A systematic review. Environmental Health Perspectives 115(3): 472–482, doi: 10.1289/ehp.9785.

Nicholson, F.A., Smith, S.R., Alloway, B.J., Carlton-Smith, C. and Chambers, B.J. 2003. An inventory of heavy metals inputs to agricultural soils in England and Wales. Science of the Total Environment 311(1-3): 205-219, doi: 10.1016/S0048-9697(03)00139-6.

Ning, C., Gao, P., Wand, B., Lin, W., Jiang, N. and Cai, K. 2017. Impacts of chemical fertilizer reduction and organic amendments supplementation on soil nutrient, enzyme activity and heavy metal content. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 16(8): 1819-1831, doi: 10.1016/S2095-3119(16)61476-4.

Pueyo, M., Lopez-Sanchez, J.F. and Rauret, G. 2004. Assessment of CaCl2, NaNO3, and NH4NO3 extraction procedures for the study of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn extractability in contaminated soils. Analytica Chimica Acta 504: 217-225.

Radulov, I., Berbecea, A., Sala, F., Crista, F. and Lato, A. 2011. Mineral fertilization influence on soil pH, cationic exchange capacity and nutrient content. Research Journal of Agricultural Science 43(3): 160-165.

Schreck, E., Foucault, Y., Sarret, G., Sobanska, S., Cécillon, L., Castrec-Rouelle, M., Uzu, G. and Dumat, C. 2012. Metal and metalloid foliar uptake by various plant species exposed to atmospheric industrial fallout: Mechanisms involved for lead. Science of the Total Environment 427-428: 253-262, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.03.051.

Schreck, E., Laplanche, C., Le Guédard, M., Bessoule, J.J., Austruy, A., Xiong, T., Foucault, Y. and Dumat, C. 2013. Influence of fine process particles enriched with metals and metalloids on Lactuca sativa L. leaf fatty acid composition following air and/or soil-plant field exposure. Environmental Pollution 179: 242-249, doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.04.024.

Shahid, M., Dumat, C., Pourrut, B., Silvestre, J., Laplanche, C. and Pinelli, E. 2014. Influence of EDTA and citric acid on lead-induced oxidative stress to Vicia faba roots. Journal of Soils and Sediments 14(4): 835-843, doi: 10.1007/s11368-013-0724-0.

Sharpley, A.N., McDowell, R.W., Weld, J.L. and Kleinman, P.J.A. 2001. Assessing site vulnerability to phosphorus loss in an agricultural watershed. Journal of Environmental Quality 30(6): 2026-2036, doi: 10.2134/jeq2001.2026.

Vu, D.T., Huang, L., Nguyen, A.V., Du, Y., Xu, Z., A Hampton, M.A., Li., P. and Rudolph, V. 2013. Quantitative methods for estimating foliar uptake of zinc from suspension-based Zn chemicals. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 176(5): 764-775, doi: 10.1002/jpln.201200407.

Walkley, A. and Black, I.A. 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37: 29-38.

Wang, Q., Cui, Y., Liu, X., Dong, Y. and Christie, P. 2003. Soil contamination and plant uptake of heavy metals at polluted sites in China. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A 38: 823-838, doi: 10.1081/ESE- 120018594.

Xiong, T.T., Leveque, T., Austruy, A., Goix, S., Schreck, E., Dappe, V., Sobanska, S., Foucault, Y. and Dumat, C. 2014. Foliar uptake and metal (loid) bioaccessibility in vegetables exposed to particulate matter. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 36(5): 897-909, doi: 10.1007/s10653-014-9607-6.

Xu, P., Sun, C.X., Ye, X.Z., Xiao, W.D., Zhang, Q. and Wang, Q. 2016. The effect of biochar and crop straws on heavy metal bioavailability and plant accumulation in a Cd and Pb polluted soil. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 132: 94-100, doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.05.031.

Zhuang, P., McBride, M.B., Xia, H., Li, N. and Li, Z. 2009. Health risk from heavy metals via consumption of food crops in the vicinity of Dabaoshan mine, South China. Science of the Total Environment 407(5): 1551–1561, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.10.061.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By