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H Suprihatin
ITDS-SURABAYA
Indonesia

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Kalilo river pollution due to limited land settlement and human behavior along the Kalilo riverbanks

H Suprihatin
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 143-148  
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Abstract


Kalilo River is one of the sights that is always visible to the people who come cross to Banyuwangi. However, there are many trash and animal (human) defecation in the Kalilo river that may  impair the beautiful scenery of the river. This study was aimed to measure whether or not the physical, chemical and bacteriological parameters of the river water meets the criteria of Class II Water Quality Standard. River water samples were collected from upstream, midstream and downstream of the Kalilo river for suspended solid, sulfate, total phosphate, BOD, COD, DO, anionic detergent, total coliforms. Results of water analysis showed that the suspended solid, sulfate, total phosphate, BOD, COD, DO, anionic detergent, total coliform contents exceeded standard limit of the of Class II Water Quality Standard. Such conditions affect physical, environmental and economic development of the district. A Communal Waste Treatment Plant, Anaerobic Baffle Reactor (ABR), is recommended to overcome the problems.


Keywords


land; human behavior; anaerobic baffle reactor

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References


Anonymous. 2001. PP. No.. 82, 2001 Date of December 14, 2001: On Air quality Management and Water Pollution Control.

Barber, W.P, and Stuckey, D.C. 1999. The Use of the Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) For Wastewater Treatment: A Review. Wat. Res. Vol. 33. No.. 7. Elsevier Science Ltd.. London.

Metcalf, J. and Eddy. G. 1991. Waste Water Engineering Treatment, Disposal and Reuse. 3 th Edition, Revised by George Tchobanoglous and Franklin. L.Burton. Mc Graw Hill, New York.

Nachaiyasit, S. and Stuckey, D.C.1997. The Effect of Shock Loads on the Performance of an Anerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) 1. Step Changes in Feed Concentration at Constant Retention Time. Wat. Res. Vol. 31. No.. 11. Elsevier Science Lyd. London.

Purwanto, E. 2008. Study of Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) for Domestic Wastewater Processing of the Flats. Thesis, Environmental Engineering ITS.


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