Soil characteristics of post-mining reclamation land and natural soil without top soil


  • Desi Nadalia Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University
  • Heru Bagus Pulunggono Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University



natural soil, nickel, post-mining reclamation, soil characteristics, top soil


Generally, Nickel mining was conducted by the open-pit mining method which caused change of soil physical, chemical and biological properties. Reclamation land often experienced various obstacles, including microclimate conditions that were not yet suitable, overburden chemical, physical and biological properties, difficulty in obtained ameliorant, and lack of topsoil. Topsoil that was used for post-mining reclamation land activities was obtained from the soil is not yet mined locations (natural soil). This study was aimed to determine differences in soil characteristics (soil physical, chemical and biological properties) on post-mining reclamation land with natural soil without topsoil. The research used survey methods conducted on post-mining land of PT. INCO. Soil samples were taken at 2 locations, namely, the location of post-mining reclamation (Harapan) and location that had not mined but the topsoil had peeled to a depth of ± 1 meter (Shelly). The results showed that the soil physical and biological properties at Shelly location were relatively better than those at Harapan location. The soil at Harapan and Shelly locations had available P content and exchangeable-Na was low and exchangeable-Ca was very low. Exchangeable-Mg was high at Harapan, while at Shelly was low-moderate. The exchangeable-K content of the soil in the Harapan location was moderate than Shelly location. The soil at Harapan location had a very high Base Saturation (BS) with a pH of 6.7 than Shelly location had high BS with a pH of 5.8. It is necessary to improve post-mining reclamation land management.


Ambodo, A.P. 2008. Post-Mining Land Rehabilitation is at The Core of The Mine Closure Plan. Paper on Reclamation Seminar and Workshop and Management of Post-closure Mining Areas. PT. International Nickel Indonesia, Tbk. South Sulawesi. [Not published] (in Indonesian).

Balai Penelitian Tanah. 2005. Technical Guidelines for Analysis of Soil Chemical, Plants, Water, and Fertilizers. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Departemen Pertanian. Bogor (in Indonesian).

Foth, H.D. 1990. Fundamentals of Soil Science. John Wiley and Sons. New York.

Ghose, M.K. 2001. Management of top soil for geo-environmental reclamation of coal mining areas. Environmental Geology 40: 1405-1410.

Kavamura, V.N. and Esposito, E. 2010. Biotechnological strategies applied to the decontamination of soil polluted with heavy metals. Biotechnology Advances 28: 61-69.

Lone, M.I., He, Z.L., Stoffella, P.J. and Yang, X. 2008. Phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted soils and water, progress and perspectives. Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 9: 210-220.

Oktorina, S. 2017. Reclamation and revegetation policies of post-mining land (Case study of Indonesian Coal mines). Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan 3: 16-20 (in Indonesian).

Papadopoulos, C., Gekaa, C., Pavloudakis, F., Roumpos, C. and Andreadou, S. 2015. Evaluation of the soil quality on the reclaimed lignite mine land in West Macedonia, Greece. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science 15: 928-932.

Patiung, O., Sinukaban, N., Tarigan, S.D. and Darusman, D. 2011. Effect of the age of coal mine land reclamation on hydrological functions. Jurnal Hidrolitan 2: 60-73 (in Indonesian).

Sariwahyuni, 2012. Rehabilitation of PT. INCO SOROWAKO with organic matter, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and nickel reducing bacteria. Jurnal Riset Industri 6: 149-155 (in Indonesian).

Sheoran, V., Sheoran, A.S. and Poonia, P. 2010. Soil reclamation of abandoned mine land by revegetation: A review. International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water 3: 1-20.

Shrestha, R.K. and Lal, R. 2011. Changes in physical and chemical properties of soil after surface mining and reclamation. Geoderma 161: 168-176. (2020). [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Jan. 2014].

Sumantri, A., Harmani, N. and Wibisono, B. 2008. Study of sustainable environmental management in the deposition area of the sand remaining mine. Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan 7: 758-768 (in Indonesian).








How to Cite

Nadalia, D., & Pulunggono, H. B. (2020). Soil characteristics of post-mining reclamation land and natural soil without top soil. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 7(2), 2011–2016.



Research Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)