Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Solomon Umer
Department of Natural Resource Management, Worabe University, Worabe, Ethiopia
Ethiopia

Abebayehu Aticho
Department of Natural Resource Management, Jimma University, Jimma Ethiopia
Ethiopia

Lecturer and researcher

Endalikachew Kiss
Department of Natural Resource Management, Jimma University, Jimma Ethiopia
Ethiopia

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Effects of integrated use of grass strip and soil bund on soil properties, Southern Ethiopia

Solomon Umer, Abebayehu Aticho, Endalikachew Kiss
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 1569-1578  
Viewed : 170 times

Abstract


Soil degradation is the major environmental and agricultural production problem in the highlands of Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were to examine farmers’ use of grass strip and soil bund to minimize soil degradation, and effects of grass strip and soil bund on basic soil properties.  Structured questionnaire survey and field observations were conducted to collect data on farmers’ use of grass strips and soil bund to minimize soil erosion, improve soil fertility and crop productivity. Simultaneously, composite soil samples were collected from croplands treated with both grass strip and soil bund, and the adjacent lands treated with soil bund only. The statistical result indicates respondents sex, marital status, educational level, erosion degree, access to conservation information, contact with extension workers, and trainings were significantly (P < 0.05) and positively affect the use of  grass strips while livestock and land holding sizes were significantly (P < 0.05) and negatively affect farmers use of grass strip. The interaction of land management practices (grass strip and soil bund) and slope positions was significantly (P < 0.05) affects soil clay fractions and moisture, the highest amounts was observed at lands managed with grass strip situate at lower slope position. Similarly, soil organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, and cation exchange capacity were significantly (P < 0.05) influenced by the combined effects of land management practices and slope positions, highest quantity of these properties were observed lands managed with a grass strip and soil bund in lower slope position. Hence, integrated use of soil bund with grass strip has a meaningful contribution for selected soil property improvement that enhances soil fertility and crop productivity. 


Keywords


grass strip; land management; soil conservation practice; soil degradation; soil erosion

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adbacho, W.1991. Biological or Vegetation Cover as a Sustainable Soil Conservation Strategy: A case study of Tilku Demala, M.A Thesis: School of Environmental Science; University of East Anglia.

Amsalu, A. and de Graaff, J. 2007. Determinants of adoption and continued use of stone terraces for soil and water conservation in an Ethiopian highland watershed. Ecological Economics 61:294–302.

Angima, S.D., Stott, D.E., O'Neill, M., Ong, C.K. and Weesies, G.A. 2003. Soil erosion prediction using RUSLE for central Kenya highland conditions. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 97: 295–308 doi:10.1016/S0167-8809(03)00011-2.

Batiwaritu, G. and Mvena, Z.S. 2009. Determinants of the adoption of physical soil bund conservation structures in Adama District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. East Africa Journal of Sciences 3:142-152.

Bremner, J.M. 1996. Nitrogen Total. In: Sparks, D.L. (ed), Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3: Chemical Methods, SSSA Book Series 5, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, 1085-1122.

Budry, B., Curtis, M. and Dennis, A.S. 2006. The adoption and management of soil conservation practices in Haiti: the case of rock walls. Agricultural Economics Review 7(2) http: //www.eng.auth.gr/ mattas/7_2.htm.

Cochran, W.G. 1977. Sampling technique. 3rd ed. New York, John Wiley Sons. p 442.

Danano, D. 2007. Improved grazing land management-Ethiopia. In: Liniger, H. and Critchley, W. (eds), Where the land is greener. Bern, Switzerland: WOCAT. pp. 313–316.

Ervin, D.E. 1982. Soil erosion control on owner-operated and rented cropland. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 37: 285-288.

FAO. 1986. Ethiopian highlands reclamation study. Final report prepared for the Government of Ethiopia Volume 1. Rome, Italy. p 354.

FAO. 2007. Methods of Analysis for Soils of Arid and Semi-Arid Regions. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy.

FAO/UNDP. 1984. Ethiopian geomorphology and soils. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation/United Nations Development Program Assistance to Land Use Planning. Addis Ababa. p 161.

Houba, V.J.G., Van der Lee J.J., Novozamsky, I. and Walinga, I. 1989. Soil and plant analysis, a series of syllabi, part 5; soil analysis procedures. Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Kebede, W. 2014. Effect of soil and water conservation measures and challenges for its adoption: Ethiopia in focus. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 7: 185-199. DOI:10.3923/jest.2014.185.199.

Kibret, M. 2008. Enclosure as a Viable Option for Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands and Biodiversity Conservation: The Case of Kallu Woreda, Southern Wello. M.Sc. Thesis Addis Ababa University.

Leta, G., Duncan, A. and Abdena, A. 2013. Desho grass (Pennisetum pedicellatum) for livestock feed, grazing land and soil and water management on small-scale farms. NBDC Brief 11. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.

Mitiku, H., Herweg, K. and Stillhardt, B. 2006. Sustainable land management: a new approach to soil and water conservation in Ethiopia. Mekelle, Ethiopia: land resources management and environmental protection department, Mekelle University; Bern, Switzerland: center for development and environment, University of Bern, and Swiss national center of competence in research (NCCR) North South. p 269.

Oakley, P. and Garforth, C. 1997. Agriculture Extension and Rural Development Centre, School of Education, University of Reading, UK. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy.

Oldeman, L.R.‚ Hakkeling, R.T.A. and Sombrous, W.G. 1991. World Map of the Status of Human-Induced Soil Degradation: An Explanatory Note‚ UNEP and ISRIC‚ Wageningen. The Netherlands.

Pender, J.L., Gebremehedhin, B., Benin S. and Ehui, S. 2001. Strategies for sustainable development in Ethiopian highlands. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 83: 1231–1240.

Ramirez, K.S., Lauber, C.L., Knight, R., Bradford, M.A. and Fierer, N. 2010 Consistent effects of nitrogen fertilization on soil bacterial communities in contrasting systems. Ecology 91: 3463–3470.

Scherr, S.J. 1999. Soil degradation, a threat to developing-country food security by 2020? Food, agriculture and the environment discussion paper 27. International Food Policy Research Institute 2033 K Street, N.W. Washington DC 20006- 1002 USA, pp 13-45.

Shiferaw, B. and Holden, S.T. 1999. Soil erosion and smallholders’ conservation decisions in the highlands of Ethiopia. World Development 27: 739–752.

Sinore, T., Kissi K. and Aticho, A. 2018. The effects of biological soil conservation practices and community perception toward these practices in the Lemo District of Southern Ethiopia. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 6: 123–130.

Smith, G. 2010. Ethiopia: local solutions to a global problem. http://www.new-ag.info/en/focus/focus Item. php?a=1784. (Accessed 4/11/2017 9:17 AM)

SNNPRSO. 2006. Regional Atlas. Southern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State, Bureau of Finance and Economic Development, Bureau of Statistics and population. Awassa, Ethiopia.

Tadele, A.,Yihenew, G.S., Mitiku, H. and Yamoh, C. 2011. Effect of soil and water conservation measures on selected soil physical and chemical properties and barley (Hordeum spp.). Yield 5: 1483-1495.

Tadesse, M. and Belay, K. 2005. Factors influencing adoption of soil conservation measures in southern Ethiopia the case of Ginuno area. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics. 105: 49-62.

Tefera, B. and Sterk, G. 2010. Land management, erosion problems and soil and water conservation in Fincha’a watershed, western Ethiopia. Land Use Policy 27: 1027–1037.

Teklu, E. 2005. Land preparation methods and soil quality of a vertisol area in the central highlands of Ethiopia. PhD thesis, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart.

Tripathi, S.K. and Singh, K.P. 2001. Ecological responses of dry tropical forest and savanna ecosystems to nutrient enrichment. In: Jha, P.K., Baral, S.K., Karmacharya, S.B., Lekhak, H.D., Locoul, P. and C.B. Baniya, C.B.(eds), Environment and Agriculture: Biodiversity, Agriculture and Pollution in South Asia. Published by Ecological Society of Nepal, pp. 150-157.

Van Reeuwijk, L.P. 1993. Procedures for Soil Analysis.3rd Edition. International Soil Reference and Information Centre Wageningen (ISRIC). Wageningen The Netherlands.

Vlek, P.L.G., Le, B.Q. and Tamene, L. 2008. Land decline in land-rich Africa. A creeping disaster in the making. Center for development research (ZEF) University of Bonn, Science Council and CGIAR, pp 12-54.

Walkley, A. and Black, C.A. 1934. An examination of Degtjareff methods for determining soil organic matter and the proposed modifications of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37:29-38.

Welle, S., Chantawarangul, K., Nontananandh, S. and Jantawat, S.2006. Effectiveness of grass strips as barriers against runoff and soil loss in Jijiga area, northern part of Somalia region, Ethiopia. Kasetsart Journal: Natural Science 40:549–558.

Yakob, G., Gebremicheal, A., Aklilu, A. and Melaku, E. 2015. Participatory evaluation of different multipurpose grass species for graded soil bund stabilization in Gimbo District, South West Ethiopia. Open Access Library Journal2:e1627. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1101627.

Yishak, G. 2005. Determinants of Adoption of Improved Maize Technology in Damot Gale Woreda, Wolaita, Ethiopia, MSc Thesis submitted to Alemaya University.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By