The roles of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the intensity of the foot rot disease on pepper plant from the infected soil
Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is an important spice plant of Indonesia. In Bangka Belitung Province, the main pepper producer, pepper has been the most commonly cultivated commodity. However, the production has declined from time to time. One of the causes of the decline is Pepper Fot Rot, caused by Phytophthora capsici. The rapid spread and development of the disease is mainly due to utilization of diseased plant materials for pepper cuttings and infested or diseased plantation soil. The materials used in this research included the infected soil taken from the infectedpepper plantation at Bangka Island with disease intensity of pepper foot rot 60%, inoculum of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi in the zeolite medium, compost, and pepper seedling from Natar variety. This research was done by planting pepper seedling on infected soil and observing plant height, disease intensity, and infection of AM fungi on the roots. The results showed that soil from diseased pepper plants harbored high population of plant pathogens inoculum and caused the death of 9 week-old cuttings and retarded growth of the survivors. Sterilization of the infected soil with hot water vapor for 3 hours still could not control the pathogen. Good growth was observed on one node cutting planted in sterile soil amended with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
Bande, L.O.S., Hadisutrisno, B., Somowiyarjo, S. and Sunarminto, B.H. 2014. Detection and quantification of Phytophthora capsici in soil using black pepper leaf baiting. Journal of Agroteknos 4:160-166.
Damaiyanti, D.R.R., Aini, N. and R. Soelistyono, R. 2015. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizae inoculation on growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) under salinity stress. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 3: 447-452.
Djunaedy, A. 2008. Applications systemic fungicide and utilization of mycorrhizae for control of soil borne pathogens on soybean crop (Glycine max L.). Embryo. 5: 149-157.
Giovannette, M. and Mosse, B. 1980. An evaluation of techniques for measuring vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots. New Phytologist 84:489-500.
Halim, M., Karimuna, L. and Hasid, R. 2016. The role of mycorhizal arbuscular in the incidence of foot rot disease on pepper plant. Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia 12: 178-184.
Kormanik, P.P. and McGraw, A.C. 1982. Quantification of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in plant roots. In: Schenck, N.C. (ed). Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research. APS Press.
Manohara, D. 2007. Phytophthora leave spots as the source of inoculums of foot rot disease on black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). Bulletin of Research on Spice and Medicinal Plants 18: 177-187.
Mau, A.E. and Utami, S.R. 2014. Effects of biochar amendment and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation on availability of soil phosphorus and growth of maize. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management. 1: 69-74.
Prasasti, O.H., Purwani, K.I. and Nurhatika, S. 2013. Effect of glomus Mycorrhizae fasciculatum against the vegetative growth of peanut plants were infected by the pathogen Sclerotium rolfsii. Jurnal Sains dan Seni Pomits 2: 2337-3520.
Putri, A.O.T., Hadisutrisno, B. and Wibowo, A. 2016. The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation on the growth of clove seedling and leaf spot intensity. Jurnal Pemuliaan Tanaman Hutan 10: 145-154.
Rebecca, E.D., Duncan, R.A. and Scow, K.M. 2005. Soil sterilization and organic carbon, but not microbial inoculants, change microbial communities in replanted peach orchards. California Agriculture. 59: 176-181.
Rozy, F., Liestiany, A. and Maftuhah. 2004. Ability controlling of mycorrhizal on Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn at soybean. Agroscientiae 11: 96-97.
Sari, M.P., Hadisutrisno, B. and Suryanti. 2016. Suppressing of purple blotch disease development on shallot by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia 12: 159-167.
Stone, A.G., Traina, S.J. and Hoitink, H.A.J. 2001. Particulate organic matter composition and pythium damping-off of cucumber. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65:761–770.
Suryanti, Hadisutrisno, B., Mulyadi and Widada, J. 2013. Survey of distribution pepper yellowing disease and pathogens associated. Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian 9: 60-63.
Swastiningrum, A. 2015. The mechanism of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in suppressing the development of disease in sugarcane seedlings. Thesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.
Wicaksono, M.I., Rahayu, M. and Samanhudi. 2014. Effect of mycorrhizal and organic fertilizer on the growth of garlic. Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian. 29: 34-43.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.