Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

S Muslikah
Unisma, Malang
Indonesia

Lecturer

S Sudiarso
UB Malang
Indonesia

Professor

L Setyobudi
UB Malang
Indonesia

Lecturer

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Effect of inoculation and time of application of microbes on growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill)

S Muslikah, S Sudiarso, L Setyobudi
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 709-715  
Viewed : 476 times

Abstract


The application of inorganic fertilizers continuously can result in hardening of soil, narrowing of soil pores, thus the roots will have difficulty in penetrating soil. Biological properties of soil that decreases could lead to disruption of microorganism activity, so that the decomposition of organic matter of soil become obstructedand soil fertility decline. Therefore, it is advisable to use an alternative to application of microbes, i.e. Rhizobium and effective microorganisms 4 (EM4) that will enhance the availability of nutrients for plants. This study was aimed to determine the effect of inoculation and time of application of the microbes on the growth and yield of soybean. The experiment was conducted in the greenhouse located 500 m above sea level. The design used for the experiment was a completely randomized design with three replications. Observations of non-destructive and destructive data were analyzed by analysis of variance (F test) at 5% level and continued with LSD at 5% level. The results showed significant effect treatments applied on the growth and yield components. Treatment i6 (EM4 applied at 1 week after planting) was the best treatment, as shown by the increased number of pods by 95.94%,  dry weight of pods by 38.25%, total dry matter, seed by 24.61%, and 68.40% weight of 100 seeds.


Keywords


effective microorganisms; fertilizer; Rhizobium; soybean

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adijaya, I., Suratmini, P. and Mahaputra, K. 2004. The Application of Giving Legin (Rhizobium) on the Test of Some Soybean Varieties in Dry land. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Bali. Denpasar

Adisarwanto. T. 2006. Soybeans: Raising the Effective Fertilization and Optimazing the Role of Nodule Root. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta

Cahyono, B. 2003. Beans: Cultivation Techniques and Analysis of Farming. Kanisius.Yogyakarta. pp. 40

Gardner, F.P, and Fisher, N.M. 1991. Physiology of Plant Cultivation. Translation Susilo, H. University of Indonesia. Jakarta. p 174-205

Goldsworthy, P. R.,and Fisher, N.M., 1996. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya Tropik. Translated by Tohari. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta

Harjadi, S.S. 1990. Pengantar Ekonomi Agronomi. Gramedia. Jakarta.

Kristasi, A. 1999. Studies on Issuance of EM4 as hyper at Rice Straw Decomposition Processand Influence Such Decomposition Results on Growth and Crop Mustard (Brassica juncea) Var. Green Pak Choy. Essay. Faculty of Agriculture. University of Islam Malang. Malang

Kristasi, A. 1999. Studies on Issuance of EM4 as hyper at Rice Straw Decomposition Processand Influence Such Decomposition Results on Growth and Crop Mustard (Brassica juncea) Var. Green Pak Choy. Essay. Faculty of Agriculture. University of Islam Malang. Malang

Ningsih, R. D and Anas, I. 2004. Soybean Crop Response against Inoculation of Rhizobiumand Indol Acetic Acid (IAA) on Ultisol Darmaga. Bulletin Agronomi 32 (2): 25-32.

Noortasiah. 2005. Utilization of Rhizobium japonicum in Soybean Grown in The RemainingLand and Soil Inoculation with Additional Inoculation. Bengkulu. Agronomy Studies Program of Faculty of Agriculture. Bengkulu.

Novriani. 2011. Role of Rhizobium in increasing the availability of nitrogen for soybean plants. Agronobisnis 3 (5): 21-26

Pasaribu D.A., Sumarlin, N., Sumarno, Supriati, Y., Saraswati, R., Sucipto and Karama, S. 1989. Rhizobium Inoculation Research in Indonesia. Workshop on Research in Biological Nitrogen tethering on Nuts. Cooperation between Center for Food Crops Research and Development and the Agency for Agricultural Research and Development Research Center and Biotechnology Development, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Bogor.

Pranata, A. S. 2010. Increase Crop Yields with Organic Fertilizer. PT Agromedia Pustaka.Jakarta Selatan. pp. 62

Rahayu, M. 2004. Influence of Rhizoplus and Dosage of Urea on the Growth and Yield ofSoybean. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Empowerment of Poor Farmers in Marginal Land through Appropriate Technology Innovation. Socio-Economic Development Research Center of Agriculture. Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Agriculture department.

Rinsema, W.T. 1993. Bernestingen Meststoffen. H. M SalehTranslation. Fertilizers andFertilization. Bharata Karya Aksara. Jakarta.

Rusmiati, J. G. and Susylowati. 2005. Effect of plant spacing and current provision SP36 fertilizer on growth and crop soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) Anjasmoro Varieties. Journal of Agriculture 11 (2): 72-79.

Saraswati, R. and Sumarno. 2008. Utilization of soil microbes fertilizing as components ofagricultural technology. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 3 (1): 41-58

Shutsrirung, A., Sutigoolabud, P., Santasup, C., Seno, K., Tajima, S., Hisamatsu, M. and Bhromsiri, A. 2002. Symbiotic efficiency and compatibility of native rhizobia in northem Thailand with different soybean cultivars. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 48: 491-499.

Suryo, B. 2006. Macroeconomic. The Slowness of the District Goverment in Creating Data ofFertilizer Scarcity in Malang (The newspaper article dated 26 March 2006).

Sutedjo, M.M. 1991. Soil Microbiology. Rineka Reserved. Jakarta. pp 446

Wieta, K. 2008. Soybean supply and demand prediction with time series analysis. Agricultural Informatics 17 (2): 14-20.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice

Indexed By