Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

M Winarni
POST GRADUATE PROGRAM, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, GADJAH MADA UNIVERSITY, INDONESIA
Indonesia

Postgraduate Student

P Yudono
Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Indonesia

Lecturer

D Indradewa
Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Indonesia

Lecturer

B H Sunarminto
Faculty of Agriculture, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Indonesia

Lecturer

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Application of perennial legume green manures to improve growth and yield of organic lowland rice

M Winarni, P Yudono, D Indradewa, B H Sunarminto
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 681-687  
Viewed : 525 times

Abstract


A pot experiment in green house was done to study the effect of the dosage and speciesof perennial legume green manures to the physiological traits, growth and yield of organic lowland rice (Oryza sativaL.), and to obtain the optimal dosage as well.  The research was arranged in a factorial randomized block design consistedof two factors with three replications.The first factor was the species of perennial legume thatconsisted of threespecies: Turi (Sesbaniagrandiflora), Glirisidia (Gliricidiasepium), and Lamtoro (Leucaenaleucocephala) and cow manure as control treatment. The second factor was the dosage of green manure thatconsisted of four levels: 5, 10, 20 and 40 t/ha.  The results showed that application ofperennial legumesinto the soil significantly improved the growth and yield of rice.  The application of  20 t Glirisidia leaves/haproduced the highest grain yield, followed by 20 t Lamtoro leaves/ha and 20 t Turi leaves/ha.  The optimal dosages of S. grandiflora, G. sepium and L. leucochepala leaves that could yield 58.03 g/hill (equivalent to14.51 t/ha), 53.67 g/hill (equivalent to 13.42 t/ha), and 49.67 g/hill (equivalent to 12.42 t/ha) were 28.05, 25.46 and 26.41 t/ha, respectively.


Keywords


organic lowland rice; perennial legume green manures; species

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alagappan, S. and Venkitaswamy, R. 2015. Development of spad values for rice variety Co (R) 48 while using various sources of organic manures in comparison with Rdf and Inm at different growth stages of rice for attaining optimum yield. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 9(35): 122-125

Badan Standarisasi Nasional. 2013. Sistem Pertanian Organik. SNI 6729: 2013..

Darmawan, J. danBaharsjah, J.S. 2010. Dasar-Dasar Fisiologi Tanaman. STIC. Jakarta. 85 halaman.

Direktorat Pupuk dan Pestisida. 2011. Pedoman Pelaksanaan Pengembangan Pupuk Organik dan Pembenah Tanah Tahun Anggaran 2011. Direktorat Pupuk dan Pestisida. Direktorat Jendral Prasarana dan Sarana Pertanian. Kementerian Pertanian. Jakarta.

Eviati dan Sulaeman. 2009. Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air, dan Pupuk. Petunjuk Teknis Edisi 2. Balai Penelitian Tanah, Bogor, Indonesia. 234 halaman.

Hasanuzzaman, M., Ahamed, K.U., Rahmatullah, N.M., Akhter, N., Nahar, K., and Rahman, M.L. 2010. Plant growth characters and productivity of wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.) as affected by application of different manures. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 22 (1) : 46-58.

Ikemura, Y., and Shukla, M. K. 2009. Soil quality in organic and conventional farms of New Mexico, USA. Journal of Organic Systems 4 (1) : 34-47.

Kaushal, A.K., Rana N.S., Singh A., Sachin, Neeraj and Srivastav, A. 2010. Response of levels and split application of nitrogen in green manured wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(2): 42-46.

Khan, M.A.I., Ueno, K., Harimoto, S., Komai, F., Tanaka, K., and Ono, Y. 2007. Evaluation of the physio-chemical and microbial properties of green tea waste-rice bran compost and the effect of the compost on spinach production. Plant Production Science 10(4): 391 – 399.

Manjappa, K. 2014. Utilization of Eupatorium (Chromoleana odorata), an obnoxious weed as green leaf manure in enhancing rice productivity. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 7 (10): 46-48.

Neelima, T. L. and Bhanu Mutrhy, V. B. 2008. Growth and yield attributes of rice as influenced by N fertilizer and differential. incorporation of sunnhemp green manure. Journal of Rice Research vol. 2 (1) : 45-50.

Palm, C. A., Gachengo C. N., Dalve, R. J., Cadisch, G. and Giller, K. E. 2001. Organic inputs for soil fertility management in tropical agroecosytems: Application of an organic resource data base. Agriculture, Ecosystem, and Enviroment 83: 27-42.

Permentan RI. 2011. Peraturan Menteri Pertanian Nomor 70/Permentan/SR.140/10/2011 tentang Pupuk Organik, Pupuk Hayati Dan Pembenah Tanah

Purwanto, B.H., Utami, S.N.H., Indradewa, D. danMartono, E. 2014. Pertanian Organik: Solusi Mewujudkan Pertanian Berkelanjutan. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta. 134 halaman.

Rachman, A., Dariah, A. dan Santoso, J. 2006. Pupuk Hijau. In: Simanungkalit, R.D.M., Suriadikarta, D.A., Saraswati, R., Setyorini, D., and Hartatik, W. (eds). Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Badan Pertanian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, halaman 41-58.

Ram, M., Davari, M., and Sharma S.N,. 2011. Organic farming of rice (Oryza sativa L.) - wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping system: a review. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 2 (3): 114-134.

Rao, K.V.M., Raghavendra, A.S., and Redy, K.J. 2006. Physiologi and Moleculer Biologi of Sress Tolerance in Plants. Springer, P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands,338 pages.

Sanati, B. E., Daneshiyan, J., Amiri, E., and Azarpour, E. 2011. Study of organic fertilizers displacement in rice sustainable agriculture. International Journal of Academic Research 3 (2): 786-791.

Setyorini, D., Saraswati, R., and Anwar., E. K., 2006. Kompos. In: Simanungkalit, R.D.M., Suriadikarta, D.A., Saraswati, R., Setyorini, D., and Hartatik, W. (eds). Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Badan Pertanian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, halaman 11-40.

Sirikul, A., Moongngarm, A. and Khaengkhan, P. 2009. Comparison of proximate composition, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of rice bran and defatted rice bran from organic rice and conventional rice. Asian Journal of Food Agro-Industry 2 (4) : 731-743.

Tomar, J.M.S., Das, A. and Arunachalam A. 2013. Crop response and soil fertility as influenced by green leaves of indigenous agroforestry tree species in a lowland rice system in northeast India. Agroforestry Systems 87 (1):193–201

USDA. 2007. Organic Production/Organic Food: Information access tools. United States Departement of Agriculture.https://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/organic-productionorganic-food-information-access-tools


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice

Indexed By