Identification of biotic and abiotic factors coal mine overburden on Warukin rock formation of South Kalimantan

Authors

  • Ilma Fitriana Department of Biology, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
  • Vivi Novianti Department of Biology, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
  • Rob H. Marrs School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
  • Kukuh Widodo PT Arutmin Indonesia Site Satui, Tanah Bumbu, Indonesia
  • Dhimas Wildan Humami PT Arutmin Indonesia Site Satui, Tanah Bumbu, Indonesia
  • Akhmed David Nugroho Department of Biology, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2024.113.5779

Keywords:

abiotic factors, biotic factors, coal mine overburden, Warukin rock formation

Abstract

Overburden (the dumping of mine tailings and other reject materials) from the Warukin geological formation is one of the potential acid-forming (PAF) of 33.17%. Mining can cause overburden to be exposed and affect biotic and abiotic conditions. The study aimed to analyze the biotic and abiotic factors of three different age overburdens from the Warukin Formation, South Kalimantan. Biotic factor measurements included vegetation sampling using line transect, soil insects using pitfall traps, and microbial using total plate count. Abiotic factor measurements included air temperature and humidity, light intensity, temperature, moisture, and pH of the substrate (n=3), and chemical overburden. Identification of plants and insect species using information from locals, identification books, and websites. Plant species diversity was analyzed using the Shannon-Wiener Index. Dominance species were analyzed using the Important Value Index (IVI). The relation of overburden age on biotic and abiotic factors was analyzed multivariate with Non-Metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS). The results showed that there are 102 species of plants and 11 species of soil insects. The numbers of fungi and bacteria are 10-4 CFU g-1 and 10-3 CFU g-1, respectively. Plant species diversity is classified as medium (H'= 2.34; 2.50 and 2.82). Changes in plant composition occurred as the microclimate and substrate nutrition improved. The organic matter increased over time. Humidity and light intensity influence the presence and composition of organisms, while pH values affect the adaptability of plants, insects, and microbes. Heavy metal concentrations have increased due to the physicochemical properties of the Warukin formation overburden.

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Submitted

29-12-2023

Accepted

21-02-2024

Published

01-04-2024

How to Cite

Fitriana, I., Novianti, V., H. Marrs, R., Widodo, K., Humami, D. W., & Nugroho, A. D. (2024). Identification of biotic and abiotic factors coal mine overburden on Warukin rock formation of South Kalimantan. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 11(3), 5779–5791. https://doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2024.113.5779

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Section

Research Article