Improvement of post-nickel mining soil fertility with biochar and calcite
Reclamation of post-nickel mining soil requires a long process and renewable innovations to improve soil properties. One of the alternative technologies for post-mining soil reclamation is utilizing oil palm empty fruit bunches (OEFB) as biochar and applying calcite (CaCO3). The objective of this research was to determine the effect of OEFB and the application of CaCO3 on the properties of post- nickel mining soil and the growth of Mucuna sp. This research was a pot experiment using a factorial randomized block design method. Treatments tested were combinations of three OEFB biochar (B) levels, i.e., B1 = 2.5%, B2 = 5%, and B3 = 7.5% of soil weight, and three calcite (K) dosages, i.e., K1 = 1.5, K2 = 3, K3 = 4.5 t ha-1. The soil parameters measured included soil pH, available P, organic C, cation exchange capacity, and exchangeable Al, Ca, Mg, K, and Na. The parameters of Mucuna sp. measured were plant height and plant dry weight. The results showed that applying biochar and calcite to post nickel mining soil significantly increased soil pH, available P, organic C, cation exchange capacity, growth of Mucuna sp. and decreased exchangeable Al content. Treatment of biochar 7.5% by weight of soil and 4.5 t calcite ha-1 gave the best effect on improving soil fertility and growth of Mucuna sp. compared to other treatments.
Alam, S., Bambang H.S. and Syamsul A.S. 2012 Soil parent material characteristics of ultramafic complex geological formations in Southeast Sulawesi. Jurnal Agroteknologi 2(2):112-120 (in Indonesian).
Allo, M.K. 2016. Condition of soil physical and chemical properties in former nickel mines and their effect on the growth of pangolin and mahogany. Jurnal Hutan Tropis 4(2):207-217 (in Indonesian).
Anda, M. 2012. Cation imbalance and heavy metal content of seven Indonesian soils as affected by elemental compositions of parent rocks. Geoderma 189-190:388-96, doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.05.009.
Angelita, T.K., Rasyid, B. and Neswati, R. 2020. Improving the quality of nickel post-mining soils with mycorrhiza and biochar empty bunches of oil palm. Jurnal Ecosolum 9(1):28-45, doi: 10.20956/ecosolum. 9i1.7250 (in Indonesian).
Bato, E.M, Yunus, A. and Ismail, P. 2016. Environmental control in mining operations of PT Vale Indonesia Tbk. Jurnal Analisis 5(2): 197-202 (in Indonesian).
Chapman, H.D. 1965. Cation-Exchange Capacity. In: Black, C.A. (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and Microbiological Properties (pp. 891-901). Agronomy, No. 9, Madison, WI: ASA.
Cheng, C.H., Lehman J., Thies, J.E., Burton, S.D. and Engelhard, M.H. 2006. Oxidation of black carbon by biotic and abiotic processes. Organic Geochemistry 37(2006):1477-1488, doi:10.1016/ j.orggeochem.
DeLuca T.H., Derek M., and Michael J.G. 2009. Biochar Effects on Soil Nutrient Transformations. Earthscan publishing for a sustainable future. UK and USA.
Erwinsyah, Afriani, A. and Kardiansyah, T. 2015. Potential and opportunities of empty palm bunches as raw materials for pulp and paper: a case study in Indonesia. Jurnal Selulosa 5(2):79-88 (in Indonesian).
Fox. J.E.D. and Tan, T.H. 1971. Soils and forest on an ultrabasic hill, north-east of Ranau, Sabah. Journal of Tropical Geography 32:38-48.
Gani, A. 2019. The Potential of Biochar Biological Charcoal as a Component of Agricultural Land Productivity Improvement Technology. Researcher of the Rice Plant Research Center, Sukamandi (in Indonesian).
Hanafiah, K.A. 2014. Basics of Soil Science. PT. Rajagrafindo Persada: Depok (in Indonesian).
Hutabarat J. 2018. Overview of Mafik and Ultramafic Rocks as "Foreign" Components in the Melange Luk-Ulo-Karangsambung complex of Central Java. FTG Unpad (in Indonesian).
Irwan, A.W. and Nurmala, T. 2018. Influence of biofertilizer and lime on soybean productivity in Inceptisols Jatinangor. Jurnal Kultivasi 17(2):656-663 (in Indonesian).
Kresnawati, I. Soekarno M.P., Asmini B. and Darmono, T.W. 2017. Conversion of empty bunches of palm oil (OEFB) to biological charcoal and liquid smoke. Jurnal Penelitian Pascapanen Pertanian 14(3):171-179 (in Indonesian).
Krishnakumar, S., Rajalakshmi, A.G., Balaganesh, B., Manikandan, P., Vinoth, C. and Rajendran, V. 2014. Impact of biochar on soil health. International Journal of Advanced Research 2(4):933-950.
Lee, B.D., Graham R.C., Laurent T.E. and Amrhein, C. 2004. Pedogenesis in wetland meadow and surrounding serpentinitic landslide terrain, northern California, USA. Geoderma 118:303-320.
Lehmann, J. and Stephan, J. 2000. Biochar for Environmental Management Science and Technology. Earthscan Publishing for A Sustainable Future. UK and USA.
Mosharrof, M., Uddin, Md.K. Jusop, S., Sulaiman, M.F., Shamsuzzaman, S.M. and Haque, A.N.A. 2021. Integrated use of biochar and lime as a tool to improve maize yield and mitigate CO2 emission: A review. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 81(1), doi: 10.4067/S0718-58392021000100109.
Muhammad, M. 2019. Use of biochar and manure to increase P nutrient in Ultisol soil. Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar (in Indonesian).
Munawar, A. 2018. Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition. IPB Press - Technology & Engineering - 262 pages (in Indonesian).
Neswati, R., Mustari, A.S., Iswoyo, H., Larekeng, S.H., Lawang, Y. and Ardiansyah, A. 2020. Post-nickel mining soil characteristics and potential development of non-timber producing factories. Asian Journal of Plant Science 1(2):152-161, doi:10.3923/ajcs.2020.152.161.
Neswati, R., Putra, B.D.H., Jayadi, M. and Ardiansyah, A. 2022. Use of palm oil empty bunch compost and arbuscular mycorrhizae to increase soil fertility post nickel mining. Journal of Ecological Engineering 23(2):86-96, doi:10.12911/22998993/144472.
Olsen, S.R. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate (No. 939). US Department of Agriculture.
Rais, M., Alida L. and Supriadi. 2017. Effect of crab shell flour on soil pH and Al-dd on Ultisol Soil. Jurnal Agroecoteknologi 5(1):138-143 (in Indonesian).
Ratmini, N.P., Yuana J. and Priatna S. 2018. Utilization of Biochar to Increase Sub-Optimal Land Productivity. Center for the Study of Agricultural Technology in South Sumatra: Palembang (in Indonesian).
Rowley, M.C., Granda, S., Adatte, T. and Verrecchia, E.P. 2020. A cascading influence of calcium carbonate on the biogeochemistry and pedogenic trajectories of subalpine soils, Switzerland. Geoderma 361(1 March 2020): 114065, doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2019 .114065.
Setiawan, AY., Murdiono, W.E. and Islamu, T. 2018. Effect of administration of three types and doses of biochar on peanut (Arachis hypogeae L.) growth and yield. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman 6(6):1171-1179 (in Indonesian).
Sihotang, T., Posma, M. and Rauf, A. 2018. Effect of biochar application from several raw materials and Kieserit fertilizer on soil chemical properties and onion (Allium ascalonicum L.) production in paddy fields. Jurnal Mantik Penusa 2(2):11-18 (in Indonesian).
Soil Research Center. 2009. Technical Manual 2nd Edition Chemical Analysis of Soil, Plants, Water, and Fertilizers. Agricultural Land Resources R&D Center: Bogor (in Indonesian).
Steiner, C. 2007. Soil Charcoal Amendements Maintain Soil Fertility and Establish a Carbon Sink Research and Prospect. In: Soil Ecology Research Developments. ISBN 978-1-60021-971-9. Nova Science Publishers, Inc
Tambunan, S., Handayanto, E. and Siswanto, B. 2014. Effect of application of fresh organic matter and biochar on the availability of P in the soil in dry land of South Malang. Jurnal Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan 1(1):89-98 (in Indonesian).
Tarigan, A.D. and Nelvia, N. 2020. The effect of biochar feeding of empty bunches of oil palm and mycorrhiza on the growth and yield of sweet corn crops in Ultisols. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi 12(1):23-37(in Indonesian).
Thomas, C., Sexstone, A. and Skousen, J. 2015. Soil biochemical properties in brown and gray mine soils with and without hydroseeding. Soil 1:621-629, doi:10.5194/soil-1-621-2015.
Walkley, A.J. and Black, I.A. 1934. Estimation of soil organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37:29-38.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.