Assessment of soil fertility using the soil fertility index method on several land uses in Tutur District, Pasuruan Regency of East Java
Changes in land use have an impact on the level of soil fertility. Soil management, such as land cover systems and the environment, are supporting factors. Assessment of soil fertility index using indicators of soil chemical properties such as organic C, availability of nutrients nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), cation exchange capacity (CEC), and exchangeable cations (K, Ca, Mg, Na). The research was conducted in Tutur District, Pasuruan Regency, with a survey of 5 land uses, i.e., mixed crops, coffee plantations, apple plantations, vegetable fields, secondary forests, and conservation forests. Observations were made on elevation, slope, and vegetation. Parameters of physical properties measured were soil texture and aggregate stability. Observations of chemical properties included organic C, N, P, CEC, exchangeable cation (K, Ca, Mg, Na), and soil pH. Soil Fertility Index (SFI) data were analyzed using the Least Significant Difference method at a 5% level. The results showed the diversity of soil fertility levels obtained from the calculation of the soil fertility index. The soil fertility index value in 5 land uses in Tutur District ranged from 0.67 to 1.00. Coffee plantations had the highest SFI score of 1.00; this condition was supported by an organic C indicator of 6.21% and a CEC value of 39.12 cmol kg-1. Conservation forest is the land use with the lowest SFI value of 0.67. The value of CEC and cation exchange in conservation forests are factors that impact the low value of SFI.
Abbasi, M.K., Zafar, M. and Sultan, T. 2010. Changes in soil properties and microbial indices across various management sites in the mountain environments of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 41(6):768-782, doi:10.1080/00103620903565985.
Bagherzadeh, A., Gholizadeh, A. and Keshavarzi, A. 2018. Assessment of soil fertility index for potato production using integrated fuzzy and AHP approaches, northeast of Iran. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science 7(3):203-212, doi:10.18393/ejss.399775.
Brevik, E.C. and Hartemink, A.E. 2010. Early soil knowledge and the birth and development of soil science. Catena 83(1):23-33, doi:10.1016/j.catena.2010.06.011.
Chandrakala, M., Ramesh, M., Sujatha, K., Hegde, R. and Singh, S.K. 2018. Soil fertility evaluation under different land use system in tropical humid region of Kerala, India. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 24(4):1-13, doi:10.9734/ijpss/2018/40099.
Chaudhury, J., Mandal, U.K., Sharma, K.L., Ghosh, H. and Mandal, B. 2005. Assessing soil quality under a long-term rice-based cropping system. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 36(9-10):1141-1161, doi:10.1081/CSS-200056885.
Chen, L., Wang, J., Fu, B. and Qiu, Y. 2001. Land-use change in a small catchment of northern Loess Plateau, China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 86(2):163-172, doi:10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00271-1.
Ditzler, C.A. and Tugel, A.J. 2002. Soil quality field tools. Agronomy Journal 94(1):33-38, doi:/10.2134/AGRONJ2002.3300.
Doran, J.W. and Parkin, T.B. 1994. Defining and Assessing Soil Quality. In: Doran, J.W., Coleman, D.C., Bezdicek, D.F. and Stewart, B.A. (eds.), Defining Soil Quality for a Sustainable Environment, Soil Science Society of America Journal, Madison, 3-21, doi:10.2136/sssaspecpub35.c1.
Guillaume, T., Maranguit, D., Murtilaksono, K. and Kuzyakova, Y. 2016. Sensitivity and resistance of soil fertility indicators to land-use changes: New concept and examples from conversion of Indonesian rainforest to plantations. Ecological Indicators 67(2016):49-57, doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.02.039.
Gwenzi, W., Gotosa, J., Chakanetsa, S. and Mutema, Z. 2009. Effects of tillage systems on soil organic carbon dynamics, structural stability and crop yields in irrigated wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) rotation in semi-arid Zimbabwe. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 83(3):211-221, doi:10.1007/s10705-008-9211-1.
Houghton, R.A. 1994. The worldwide extent of land-use change: In the last few centuries, and particularly in the last several decades, the effects of land-use change have become global. BioScience 44(5):305-313.
Ibrahim, J. 2017. Assessment of soil physical and chemical properties under vegetable cultivation in Abuja metropolitan area, Nigeria. Zaria Geographer 24(1):89-99.
Kara, Ö. and Bolat, I. 2008. The effect of different land uses on soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in Bartin Province. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 32(4):281-288, doi:10.3906/tar-0711-13.
Khadka, D., Lamichhane, S., Bhurer, K.P., Chaudhary, J.N., Ali, M.F. and Lakhe, L. 2018. Soil Fertility Assessment and Mapping of Regional Agricultural Research Station, Parwanipur, Bara, Nepal. Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council 4(April):33–47, doi:10.3126/jnarc.v4i1.19688.
Khattak, R.A. and Hussain, Z. 2007. Evaluation of soil fertility status and nutrition of orchards. Soil & Environment 26(1):22-32.
Kome, G.K., Enang, R.K., Tabi, F.O. and Yerima, B.P.K. 2019. Influence of clay minerals on some soil fertility attributes: a review. Open Journal of Soil Science 09(09):155-188, doi:10.4236/ojss.2019.99010.
Liao, W., Tang, D., Wang, X. and Cheng, X. 2015. Soil quality status of different land-use types in Shiqu County, China. International Symposium on Energy Science and Chemical Engineering (ISESCE 2015), doi:10.2991/isesce-15.2015.27.
Liu, X.L., He, Y., Zhang, H.L., Schroder, J.K., Li, C.L., Zhou, J. and Zhang, Z.Y. 2010. Impact of land use and soil fertility on distributions of soil aggregate fractions and some nutrients. Pedosphere 20(5):666-673, doi:10.1016/S1002-0160(10)60056-2.
Lu, D., Moran, E. and Mausel, P. 2002. Linking amazonian secondary succession forest growth to soil properties. Land Degradation and Development 13(4):331-343, doi:10.1002/ldr.516.
Maina, J.M., Mburu, M.W.K., Mureithi, J.G., Gachene, C.K.K., Mburu, J.N., Ngugi, J.N. and Kimemia, J.K. 2000. Evaluation of Legumes As Cover Crops for Soil and Weed Management in Smallholder Coffee Cropping Systems in Central. https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/view/9193893/evaluation-of-legumes-as-cover-crops-for-soil-kenya-agricultural-.
Mukashema, A. 2007. Mapping and Modelling Landscape-based Soil Fertility Change in Relation to Human Induction Case study : GISHWATI Watershed of the Rwandan highlands. Master of Science thesis, ITC-Netherlands.
Mutwewingabo, B. and Rutunga, V. 1987. Study of the soils of the PIA project test stations located in Mwogo, Gitarama, Kaduha and the Akanyaru Valley. MINAGRI-PIA, Kigali (in French).
Nair, P.K.R. 2007. Agroforestry for sustainability of lower-input land-use systems. Journal of Crop Improvement 19(1-2): 25-47, doi:10.1300/J411V19N01.
Nair, P.K.R., Kang, B.T. and Kass, D.C.L. 1995. Nutrient Cycling and Soil-Erosion Control in Agroforestry Systems. Agriculture and Environment: Bridging Food Production and Environmental Protection in Developing Countries, 117-138, doi:10.2134/ASASPECPUB60.C7.
Rein, A., Legind, C.N., and Trapp, S. 2011. New concepts for dynamic plant uptake models, 14th International Workshop on Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships in Environmental and Health Science (QSAR2010) – Part 2. 22(1–2), 191-215. doi:10.1080/1062936X.2010.548829.
Rhoades, J.D. 1983. Cation exchange capacity. In: Page, A.L. (ed.), Method of Soil Analysis, doi:10.1201/9780203756881-28
Sahrawat, K.L. and Narteh, L.T. 2006. A fertility index for submerged rice soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33(1-2):229-236, doi:10.1081/CSS-120002389.
Sardiana, I.K., Susila, D., Supadma, A.A. and Saifulloh, M. 2017. Soil fertility evaluation and land management of dryland farming at Tegallalang Sub-District, Gianyar Regency, Bali, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 98(1), doi:10.1088/1755-1315/98/1/012043.
Singh, B. and Singh, Y.-S. 2015. Soil fertility : evaluation and management. In: Rattan, R.K., Dwivedi, B.S., Sarkar, A.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Tarafdar, J.C. and Kukal, S.S. (eds.), Soil Science: An Introduction, Publisher: Indian Society of Soil Science.
Spaccini, R., Zena, A., Igwe, C.A., Mbagwu, J.S C. and Piccolo, A. 2001. Carbohydrates in water-stable aggregates and particle size fractions of forested and cultivated soils in two contrasting tropical ecosystems. Biogeochemistry 53(1):1-22, doi:10.1023/A:1010714919306.
Takele, L., Chimdi, A. and Abebaw, A. 2015. Dynamics of soil fertility as influenced by different land use systems and soil depth in west Showa zone, Gindeberet district, Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 3(6):489-494, doi:10.11648/j.aff.20140306.18.
Thomas, G.W. 1983. Exchangeable Cations. In: Page, A.L. (Ed.), Method of Soil Analysis. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-31211-6_22.
Tilahun, G. 2007. Soil Fertility Status as Influenced by Different Land Uses in Maybar Areas of South Wello Zone, North Ethiopia. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Department of Plant Sciences, School of Graduate Studies, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
Tucker, B.B. and Kurtz, L.T. 1961. Calcium and magnesium determinations by EDTA titrations. Soil Science Society of America Journal 25(1):27-29. doi:10.2136/sssaj1961.03615995002500010016x.
USDA and Committee, C.R. 2000. Methods of Phosphorus Analysis for Soils, Sediments, Residuals, and Waters. In Pierzynski, G.M. (ed.), Southern Cooperative Series Bulletin. North Carolina State University.
Walkley, A.J. and Black, I.A. 1934. Estimation of soil organic carbon by the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37:29-38.
Zádorová, T., Jakšík, O., Kodešová, R. and Penížek, V. 2011. Influence of terrain attributes and soil properties on soil aggregate stability. Soil and Water Research 6(3):111-119, doi:10.17221/15/2011-swr.
Zingore, S., Tittonell, P., Corbeels, M., van Wijk, M.T. and Giller, K.E. 2011. Managing soil fertility diversity to enhance resource use efficiencies in smallholder farming systems: A case from Murewa District, Zimbabwe. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 90(1):87-103, doi:10.1007/s10705-010-9414-0.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.