Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

E Arisoesilaningsih
Faculty of Science, Brawijaya University, Jl Veteran-Malang 65145, Indonesia
Indonesia

Senior Lecturer

S Soejono
National Botanical Garden, Purwodadi, Pasuruan, Indonesia
Indonesia

Reseacher

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Diversity of drought-resistant plants and the benefits of their biomass for improving fertility of a degraded soil of Brantas River Basin

E Arisoesilaningsih, S Soejono
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 303-318  
Viewed : 543 times

Abstract


In support of healthy agriculture development to improve farmer’s prosperity status, soil remediation and land conservation efforts maybe relied on the use of biomass of local vegetation. Results of field exploration conducted at Brantas Watershed of East Java indicated that there were at least 154 species of undergrowth scrubs, 47 species of agriculture-plantation crops, and 59 species of road shelter trees. The native undergrowth vegetations had undergone enormous seasonal variations. Biomass of predominance vegetations, e.g. Psophocarpus tetragonolobus, Phaseolus lunatus, Flemingia, Mimosa somian, Acacia villosa, Cassia mimosoides, Mucuna could potentially be used as organic matter sources to improve availability of nitrogen and phosphorus in soils. The amount of nitrogen and phosphorus contributed of the plant biomass significantly correlated with quality of the biomass.


Keywords


biomass; plant diversity; soil remediation

Full Text:

Untitled () PDF

References


Frankenberger, W. T dan Abdelmagid, H.M. 1985. Kinetic parameter of nitrogen mineralization rates of leguminosa crops intercoporated into soils. Plant and Soil 87: 257-271.

Hairiah, K., Ismunandar, S., dan Handayanto, E. 1998. Pengelolaan tanah secara biologi pada lahan kering basah melalui pendekatan holistik dan spesifik menuju sistem pertanian berkelanjutan. Seminar HITI, Komda Jatim, Desember 1998.

Hairiah, K., Widianto, Utami, S.R., Suprayogo, D., Sunaryo, Sitompul, S.M., Lusiana, B., Mulia, R., Van Noordwijk, M. dan Cadisch, G., 2000. Pengelolaan Tanah Masam Secara Biologi. SMT Grafika Desa Putera. Jakarta.

Handayanto, E. dan Ismunandar, S. 1999. Seleksi bahan organik untuk peningkatan sinkronisasi nitrogen pada Ultisol Lampung. Habitat 11: 37-47.

Handayanto, E., Cadisch, G. and Giller, K. E., 1994. Nitrogen release from prunings of legume hedgerow trees in relation to quality of the prunings in incubation method. Plant and Soil 160: 237-248.

Handayanto, E., Cadisch, G. and Giller, K.E. 1995a. Decomposition and N mineralization of selected legume hedgerow tree prunings. In: Soil Management in Sustainable Agriculture. Publisher Wye College-University of London Press, Ashford, Kent, UK.

Handayanto, E., Cadisch, G. and Giller, K.E. 1995b. Manipulation of quality and mineralization of tropical legume tree prunings by varying nitrogen supply. Plant and Soil 176: 149-160.

Krebs, C.J. 1989. Ecological Methodology. Harper & Row Publ. New York.

Pielou, E.C. 1975. Ecological Diversity. John Wiley & Sons. New York.

Purnomosidi, P. dan Rahayu, S. 2002. Pengendalian alang-alang dengan pola agroforestri. Dalam Akar Pertanian Sehat. Biological Management and Soil Fertility. Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.

Stevenson, F. J. 1982. Humus Chemistry. John Willey and Son. New York.

Tim Survey Tanah. 1988. Laporan Survey dan Pemetaan Tanah Detail DAS Brantas Hulu Kabupaten Malang, Blitar, Tulungagung dan Trenggalek, Propinsi Jawa Timur No. 31/ppt/1988. Proyek Pertanian Lahan Kering dan Konservasi Tanah. Bappeda Tk. I Jawa Timur-Pusat Penetian Tanah Bogor.

Utomo, W.H. 1989. Konservasi Tanah di Indonesia. Rajawali Press. Jakarta.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice

Indexed By