Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Y Nuraini
IRC-MEDMIND, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145, Indonesia
Indonesia

Researcher

M Felani
IRC-MEDMIND, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145, Indonesia
Indonesia

Assistant

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Phytoremediation of tapioca wastewater using water hyacinth plant (Eichhornia crassipes)

Y Nuraini, M Felani
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 295-302  
Viewed : 659 times

Abstract


The objective of this study was to elucidate the possible phytoremediation of liquid waste of tapioca industry using Eichhornia crassipes prior its usage for watering maize grown on an Entisol of Malang. Tapioca liquid waste was mixed with pure water at various concentrations and then Eichhornia crassipes was grown on a water bath filled with the mixture. After twenty eight days, the mixture of tapioca liquid waste and pure water was analyzed for BOD, BOD, COD, DO, TSS, CN,  total N, and total P, prior to its usage for watering  maize grown on a pot filled with an Entisol. Results of this study showed that during twenty eight days Eichhornia crassipes grown on 25% tapioca wastewater was capable to reduce BOD, COD, and CN concentrations of the liquid waste and to increase pH of the the mixture of liquid and pure water. This has resulted in a significant increase of maize growth.


Keywords


Eichhornia crassipes; phytoremediation; tapioca; waste

Full Text:

PDF

References


Effendi, H. 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air, Bagi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Effendi, U. 1988. Netralisasi Limbah Cair Industri Tapioka Secara Biofiltrasi dengan Menggunakan Enceng gondok (Eichornia cressipes). Agrivita 11(2): 35-36.

Environmental Protection Agency. 2001. A Citizen’s Guide to Phytoremediation. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/download / citizens/ citphyto. pdf .

Henze, M., Harremoes, P., Jansen, J.C., and Arvin, E. 1997. Wastewater Treatment Biological and Chemical Processes. Springer-Verlag. Berlin.

Marianto, L. A. 2001. Merawat dan Menata Tanaman Air. AgroMedia Pustaka. Jakarta.

Moenandir, J. dan Hidayat, S. 1993. Peranan enceng gondok dan kangkung air pada peningkatan mutu air limbah. Agrivita 16(2): 54-57

Moenandir, J. dan Irawan, A. 1993. Kemampuan enceng gondok, kiambang dan tawas dalam penjernihan bahan baku air minum. Agrivita 16(2): 58-60

Morrice, J.A., Danz, N.P., Regal, R.R., Kelly, J.R., Niemi, G.J., Reavie, E.D., Hollenhorst, T.P., Axler, R.P., Trebitz, A.S., Cotter, A.M. and Peterson, G.S. 2008. Human influences on water quality in Great Lakes coastal wetlands. Environmental Management 41:347-357.

Murphy, S. 2007. General Information on Solids. USGS Water Quality Monitoring. http://bcn.boulder.co.us/basin/data/BACT/info/TSS.htm

Priyanto, B., dan Prayitno, J. 2005. Fitoremediasi Sebagai Sebuah Teknologi Pemulihan Pencemaran, Khususnya Logam Berat. Available at http://www.ltl.bppt.com/sublab/lflora1.htm

Rusprasita, Y., Agustina, L., Syekhfani, dan Premono, E. 2001. Status dan efisiensi penggunaan nitrogen selama pertumbuhan tanaman tebu keprasan (Saccharum officininarum L.) yang dipupuk sipramin. Biosain 1(1).: 10-14

Sastrawijaya, A. T. 1991. Pencemaran Lingkungan. PT. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Schnoor, J.L. 2002. Phytoremediation of Soil and Groundwater. Groundwater Remediation Technologies Analysis Center. Technology Evaluation Report. TE-02-01: 1-45.

Sugiharto. 1987. Dasar-dasar Pengelolaan Air Limbah. UI Press. Jakarta.

Syekfani. 1997. Hara-Air-Tanah-Tanaman. Jurusan Tanah. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Welch, E. B. 1996. Ecological Effects of Wastewater: Applied Limnology and Pollutant Effects. E&FN Spon. London.

Young, C. A. and Jordan, T.S. 1996. Cyanide Remediation: Current and Past Technologies. Available at http://www. engg.ksu.edu/ HSRC/ 95Proceed/ young. pdf .


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice

Indexed By