Utilization of LCC (Legume Cover Crop) and bokashi fertilizer for the efficiency of Fe and Mn uptake of former coal mine land
Coal mining activities have a negative impact on the ecosystem and lead to the disruption of the environment due to waste disposal containing a high concentration of Fe and Mn. In addressing the problem, the biological reclamation approaches using LCC (Legume Cover Crop) is performed to anticipate the acidic condition of soil pH and high concentration of Fe and Mn. This study aimed to determine the effect of a combination of several types of LCCs, i.e., Centrosema pubescens, Calopogonium mucunoides and Pueraria javanica in combination with Bokashi fertilizers application for improving soil chemical properties and the efficiency of Fe and Mn uptake. The results showed that the combination of LCC and bokashi fertilizers had a significant impact on raising soil C-Organic, P and K along with the increasing of Fe and Mn uptake. Pueraria javanica had the highest value of BCF (BioConcentration Factor) of Fe and Mn uptake at the level of 0.72, and 0.56 %, respectively and this crop is more potential crop as phytoremediator than Centrosema pubescens and Calopogonium mucunoides. Canonical Variate Analysis could distinguish the position and distance among the treatments based on selected parameters.
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