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Okti Herliana
ORCID iD http://faperta.unsoed.ac.id
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
Indonesia

Laboratory of Agroecology

Loekas Soesanto
ORCID iD Jenderal Soedirman University
Indonesia

Laboratory of Plant Protection

Endah Mawadah
ORCID iD Jenderal Soedirman University
Indonesia

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Phytobioremediation of cadmium-contaminated soil using combination of Ipomoea reptans Poir and Trichoderma sp. and its effect on spinach growth and yield

Okti Herliana, Loekas Soesanto, Endah Mawadah
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 1519-1526  
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Abstract


This research aimed to study the potential role of Ipomoea reptans and Trichoderma sp. on the absorption of cadmium from cadmium-contaminated soil and its effect on and growth rate and yield of spinach. The research was arranged in a completely randomized blok design with two factors. The first factor was the density of Ipomoea reptans consisting of 0, 2, and 4 plants/polybag. The second factor was the dosage of Trichoderma sp. consisting of 0, 50 and 100% dose of Trichoderma sp. Results of the research showed that Ipomoea reptans with 2 plants/polybag effectively reduced Cd to 66.31% and increased the growth of spinach by 20% on plant height, shoot dry weight of spinach by 35%. Application of 100% dose of Trichoderma sp. effectively reduced Cd by 63.81% and increased spinach plant growth by 18% on plant height and increased shoot dry weight of spinach by 23%). There were interactions of phytoremediator of 2 Ipomoea reptans plants/polybag with bioremediator of 50% Trichoderma sp. that effectively reduced Cd to 71.19% and improved 43% of plant height and leaf number, 31% of leaf area, and 63% of shoot dry weight of spinach plant compared with plants without application of Ipomoea reptans and Trichoderma sp.


Keywords


bioremediation; cadmium; Ipomoea reptans; phytoremediation; Trichoderma sp.

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References


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