Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

A Taufiq
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI)
Indonesia

A Wijanarko
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI)
Indonesia

A Kristiono
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI)

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization for groundnut in saline soil

A Taufiq, A Wijanarko, A Kristiono
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 1307-1318  
Viewed : 33 times

Abstract


Groundnut cultivation on saline soil facing complex problems associated with high electrical conductivity (EC), toxic effects of Na cation, imbalance nutrients, and N and P deficiency. Objective of this research was to determine optimum rate of N and P fertilizers for groundnut on saline soil. The trial was conducted on saline soil in Lamongan (EC 8-15 dS/m, pH>8.0, low N, high P) and Tuban (EC 8-16 dS/m, pH>8.0, low N and P) during dry season year 2017. Treatment consisted of two factors, and the combinations were arranged in a completely randomized block design with three replications. The first factor was four N fertilizer rates (0, 23, 46, and 69 kg N/ha), and the second factor was four P fertilizer rates (0, 36, 72, and 108 kg P2O5/ha). Results showed that nitrogen fertilization had no effect on plant height, number of filled pod and plant stand, but improved chlorophyll content, increased100 seed weight, harvest index and yield. Phosphorus fertilization had no effect on all parameters observed, except on 100 seed weight and plant stand. The yield response to N fertilization was linear and quadratic, depending on the location. The optimum N rates was 62-69 kg N/ha. The results indicated that N fertilization had more important role than P fertilization for increasing groundnut yield on saline soil, although the growth did not improve


Keywords


fertilization; groundnut; saline soil; yield

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, C.B., Magdich, S., Rouina, B.B., Boukhris, B. and Abdullah, F.B. 2012. Saline water irrigation effects on soil salinity distribution and some physiological responses of field grown Chemlali olive. Journal of Environmental Management 113:538-544.

Akhtar, M., Hussain, F., Ashraf, M.Y., Qureshi, T.M., Akhter, J. and Awan, A.R. 2012. Influence of Salinity on Nitrogen Transformations in Soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43(12):1674-1683.

Alihamsyah, T., Sarwani, M. and Ar-Riza, I. 2002. Tidal land as a source of future rice production area. In: B. Suprihatno, A.K. Makarim, I.W. Widiarta, Hermanto, and A.S. Yahya (eds). Kebijakan Perberasan dan Inovasi Teknologi Padi. Buku 2.Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tananam Pangan, Bogor. pp. 263-287 (in Indonesian).

Arora, S. 2017. Diagnostic properties and constraints of salt-affected soils. In: Arora, S., A.K. Singh, and Y.P. Singh (eds). Bioremediation of Salt Affected Soils: An Indian Perspectives. Springer International Publishing. pp. 41-52.

Asch, F., Dingkuhn, M., Dorffling, K. and Miezan, K. 2000. Leaf K/Na ratio predicts salinity induced yield loss in irrigated rice. Euphytica 113:109-118.

Azad, A.K and Bala, P. 2011. Chemical properties of different saline and non saline soils of Bangladesh. Journal Soil Nature 5(1):1-5.

Chakraborty, K., Bhaduri, D., Meena, H.N. and Kalariya, K.. 2016. External potassium (K+) application improves salinity tolerance by promoting Na+-exclusion, K+-accumulation and osmotic adjustment in contrasting peanut cultivars. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 103:143-153.

Chaum, S., Pokasombat,Y. and Kirdmanee, C. 2011. Remediation of salt-affected soil by gypsum and farmyard manure−Importance for the production of Jasmine rice. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5(4):458-465.

Gorham, J. 2007. Sodium. p. 569-575. In: Barker, A.V. and D.J. Pilbeam (eds). Handbook of Plant Nutrition. Taylor & Francis. 613 pages.

Guangming, L., Xuechen, Z., Xiuping,W., Shao Hongbo, Jingsong, Yand Xiangping, W. 2017.Soil enzymes as indicators of saline soil fertility under various soil amendments.Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 237:274-279.

Hammad, S.A.R., Shaban, K.A. and Tantawy, M.F. 2010. Studies on salinity tolerance of two peanut cultivars in relation to growth, leaf water content: Some chemical aspects and yield. Journal of Applied Science Research 6(10):1517-1526.

Hirpara, K.D., Ramolia, P.J., Patel, A.D and Pande, A.N. 2005.Effect of salinisation of soil on growth and macro- and micro-nutrient accumulation in seedlings of Butea monosperma (Fabaceae). Anales de Biologia 27:3-14.

Hu, Y. and Schmidhalter, U.1997. Interactive effects of salinity and macronutrient level on wheat: 2. Composition. Journal Plant Nutrient 20:1169-1182.

Hu, Y. and Schmidhalter, U. 2005. Drought and salinity: A comparison of their effects on mineral nutrition of plants. Journal Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 168:541-549.

Irshad, M., Honna,T.,Yamamoto, S., Eneji, A.E. and Yamasaki, N. 2004. Nitrogen mineralization under saline conditions.Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 36(11-12):1681-1689.

Jouyban, Z. 2012. The Effects of Salt stress on plant growth. Technical Journal Engineering & Applied Science 2(1):7-10.

Kahlon, U.Z., Murtaza, G. and Ghafoor, A. 2012. Amelioration of saline-sodic soil with amendments using brackish water, canal water and their combination. International Journal Agricultureand Biology 14(1):38-46.

Kopittke, P.M. 2012. Interactions between Ca, Mg, Na and K: alleviation of toxicity in saline solutions. Plant and Soil 352:353-362.

Loreto, F., Centritto, M. and Chartzoulakis, K. 2003. Photosynthetic limitations in olive cultivars with different sensitivity to salt stress. Plant Cell & Environment 26:595-601.

Mahajan, G.R., Manjunath,B.L., Latare,A.M., D’Souza, R., Vishwakarma, S and Singh, N.P. 2015. Fertility status of the unique coastal acid saline soils of Goa. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 63(2):232-237.

Munns, R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell and Environment 25:239-250.

Murtaza, G., Murtaza, B., Usman, H.M. and Ghafoor, A. 2013. Amelioration of saline-sodic soil using gypsum and low quality water in following sorghum-berseem crop rotation. International Journal Agriculture Biology 15(4):640-648.

Osuagwu, G.G.E and Udogu, O.F. 2014. Effect of salt stress on the growth and nitrogen assimilation of Arachis hypogea (L). Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 9(5):51-54.

Parida, A.K. and Das, A.B. 2005. Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants. A Revew. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 60:324-349.

Pattanagul, W. and Thitissaksakul, M. 2008. Effect of salinity stress on growth and carbohydrate metabolism in the three rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars differing in salinity tolerance. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 46:736-742.

Pervaiz, Z., Kazmi, S.S.H., Gill,K.H. and Makhtar, M. 2002. Soil fertility and salinity status of Gujrat District. Pakistan Journal Soil Science 21:11-14.

Radwan, S.M.A. and Awad, N.M. 2002.Effect of soil amendment with various organic wastes with multi-biofertilizer on yield of peanut plants in sandy soil. Journal of Agriculture Sciences of Mansoura Univ. 27(5):3129-3138.

Rahman, O., Ahmad, B. and Afzal, S. 2010. Soil fertility and salinity status of Attock District. Journal Agricultural Research 48(4):505-5016.

Rengasamy, P. 2006. World salinization with emphasis on Australia. Journal of Experimental Botany 57(5):1017-1023.

Rogers, M.E., Grieve, C.M. and Shannon, M.C. 2003. Plant growth and ion relations in Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) in response to the combined effects of NaCl and P. Plant and Soil. 253: 187-194.

Santos, C.V. 2004. Regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation by salt stress in sunflower leaves. Scientia Horticulturae 103(1):93-99.

Smith, A.P., Chen, D. and Chalk, P.M. 2009. N2 fixation by faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in a gypsum-amended sodic soil. Biology and Fertility of Soil 45:329-333.

Shu, S., Yuan, L., Guo, S., Sun, J. and Yuan, Y. 2013. Effects of exogenous spermine on chlorophyll fluorescence, antioxidant system and ultrastructure of chloroplasts in Cucumis sativus L. under salt stress. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 63:209-216.

Swarajyalakshmi, G., Gurumurthy,P. and Subbaiah, G.V. 2003. Soil Salinity in South India: Problems and solutions. Journal of Crop Production 7(1-2):247-275.

Taufiq, A., Kristiono, A and Harnowo, D. 2015. Responses of groundnut varieties to salinity stress. Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Pangan 34(2):153-164. (in Indonesia)

Taufiq, A., Wijanarko, A. and Kristiono, A. 2016. Effect of amelioration on growth and yield of two groundnut varieties on saline soil. Journalof Degraded and Mining Lands Management 3(4):639-647.

Taufiq, A., Wijanarko, A. and Kristiono, A. 2017. Effect of mulching and amelioration on growth and yield of groundnut on saline soil. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 4(4):945-954.

Tester, M and Davenport, R. 2003. Na+ tolerance and Na+ transport in higher plants. Annals of Botany 91:503-527.

Xie, X., Pu, L.,Wang, Q., Zhu, M., Xu, Y. and Zhang, M. 2017. Response of soil physicochemical properties and enzyme activities to long-term reclamation of coastal saline soil, Eastern China. Science of the Total Environment 607-608:1419-1427.

Zhanga, T., Wang, T., Liu, K.S., Wang, L., Wang, K. and Zhou, Y. 2015. Effects of different amendments for the reclamation of coastal saline soil on soil nutrient dynamics and electrical conductivity responses. Agricultural Water Management 159:115-122.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By