Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

N A Labe
Department of Geology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Nigeria
Nigeria

Researcher, Department of Geology

P O Ogunleye
Centre for Energy Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Nigeria

Researcher

A A Ibrahim
Department of Geology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Nigeria

Researcher

T Fajulugbe
Department of Geology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Nigeria

S T Gbadema
Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Nigeria

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Review of the occurrence and structural controls of Baryte resources of Nigeria

N A Labe, P O Ogunleye, A A Ibrahim, T Fajulugbe, S T Gbadema
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 1207-1216  
Viewed : 61 times

Abstract


Baryte occurrences in Nigeria are spread across the Cretaceous Benue Trough which comprises of carbonaceous shales, limestone, siltstones, sandstones as well as in the northeastern, northwestern and southeastern parts of the Precambrian Basement Complex comprising of metasediments and granitoids. The mineralization is structurally controlled by NW-SE, N-S and NE-SW fractures. The common mode of occurrence for these barytes is the vein and cavity deposits type usually associated with galena, sphalerite, copper sulphide, fluorite, quartz, iron oxide as gangue minerals. Principal areas of baryte occurrences in Nigeria include Nassarawa, Plateau, Taraba, Benue, Adamawa, Cross River, Gombe, Ebonyi, and Zamfara. A large part of the vast baryte resources in Nigeria is still underexploited and further exploration work is needed to boost its exploitation. The inferred resource and proven reserve of baryte is put at over 21,000,000 and about 11,000,000 metric tons respectively. The economic evaluation of these barytes is viable having low (SG = < 3.5) to high (SG = 5.3) grades. The presence of associated minerals produces low quality barytes and as such blending and beneficiation is required to improve its quality.


Keywords


Baryte; Benue Trough; Cretaceous; Reserve; Resource; SG

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abubakar, M.B. 2014. Petroleum potentials of the Nigerian Benue Trough and Anambra Basin: A regional synthesis, Natural Resources 5(1): 25-58.

Ajibade, A.C. 1980. Tectonic Evolution of the Zungeru region Nigeria. Unpublished. Ph.D Thesis, University of Wales.

Akande, O., Hoffknecht, A. and Erdtmann, B.D. 1992. Environment of ore formation and achizonal metamorphism in Pb-Zn-flourite-baryte deposits of the Benue Trough, Nigeria. Geologie en Mijnbouw 71: 131-144.

Akande, O., Zentelli, M. and Reynolds, P.H. 1989. Fluid inclusion and stable isotope studies of Pb-Zn-flourite-baryte mineralization in the Lower and Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria, Mineral Deposita 24: 183 – 191.

Akpeke, G.B., Ekwueme, B.N. and Ephraim, B.E. 2006. The nature and origin of the Baryte Mineralization in Akpet area, Oban Massif, Southeastern. Nigeria. Journal of Geological Sciences 4(2): 139-146

Aliyu, A.A., Aluko, B.A. and Biliaminu, K.O. 1996. Priority investment projects in the solid minerals sector. Raw Materials Research and Development Council, Abuja, pp. 67-73.

Benkhelil, J. 1982. The Benue Trough and the Benue Chain. Geology Magazine, 119(2): 155-168.

Bogue, R.G. 1951. Baryte prospect near Gabu, Ogoja Province. Geological Survey of Nigeria Report No. 1014 (unpublished).

Chaanda, M.S., Obaje, N.G., Moumouni, A., Goki, N.G. and Lar, U.A. 2010. Environmental Impact of Artisanal Mining of Barytes in Azara Area, Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria. Journal of Earth Science 4: 38 - 42.

Chukwunenye, M.E. 2006. Design and cost estimates of a prototype small-scale barite processing plant. Barites Consulting Nigeria, Unpublished Memoir, 26.

Cratchley, J.D. and Jones, G.P. 1965. An interpretation of the geology and gravity anomalies of the Benue Valley, Nigeria. Overseas Geol. Surv. Geophysical 1: 26.

Daspan, R. I. and Imagbe, L.O. 2010. Preliminary investigation of the origin and quality of barytes in the Tsareta Tungan Kudaku area, Northwestern Nigeria Basement Complex, Nigeria. Continental Journal of Earth Sciences 5: 8 - 13.

Edu, E.E. 2006. Interim report on assessment of barite resources in Taraba State, Nigeria. Nigerian Geological Survey Agency Report (unpublished).

Ekwueme, B.N. 1991. Geology of the area around Obudu Cattle Ranch, SE Nigeria. Journal Min. Geol. 27: 129-134.

Ekwueme, B.N. 2003. The Precambrian Geology and evolution of the Southeastern Nigerian Basement Complex. University of Calabar Press.

Ekwueme, B.N. and Akpeke, G.B. 2012. Occurrence and distribution of baryte mineralisation in Cross River State, Southeastern Nigeria. Global Journal Geological Sciences 10(1): 85-98.

El-Nafaty, J.M. 2015. Rare earth element and stable (δ34S) isotope study of baryte-copper mineralization in Gulani area, Upper Benue Trough, NE Nigeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences 106: 147-157.

Ene, E.G., Okogbue, C.O. and Dim, C.I.P. 2012. Structural styles and economic potential of some baryte deposits in the Southern Benue Trough, Nigeria. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences 86(1): 27-40.

Farrington, J.L. 1952. A preliminary description of the Nigerian Lead-Zinc field. Economic Geology 47(6): 583-608.

Geological Survey of Nigeria. 2007. Interim report on the assessment of barite resources in Nassarawa State. pp. 1-59.

Halilu, M. 2017. Field geology and economic assessment of a mineralized baryte vein in Tola, Mayobelwa area, northeastern Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science 3(8):48-52.

Hanor, J.S. 2000. Barite-celestine geochemistry and environments of formation. In: Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry – Sulfate Minerals (Eds. C.N. Alpers, J.L. Jambor and D.K. Nordstrom). Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, D.C. 193–275.

Labe, N.A. 2015. Geochemical and geotechnical characterization of baryte mineralization in Lessel and Ihugh areas, Lower Benue Trough, Nigeria. Unpublished MS.c. thesis Department of Geology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Lorenz, W and Gwosdz, W. 2003. Manual on the geological-technical assessment of mineral construction materials. Geologishches Jahrbuch, Sonderhefte Reihe H, SH 15, pp. 330-337.

Ministry of Mines and Steel Development. 2008. Barytes: Exploration Opportunities in Nigeria. Abuja, 1-7.

Nwafor, G.I., Uduji, E.R. and Kwache, J.B. 199). Four giant mineral deposits in Benue State: Kaolin, Baryte, Gypsum and Limestone. Nigerian Geological Survey Agency Report, 1-43.

Nwozor, K.K. and Chukwunenye, E.M. 2008. An overview of baryte exploitation opportunities and cost implications of establishing a medium-scale baryte processing plant in Nigeria. Natural and Applied Sciences Journal 9(1):1- 9.

Obi, D., Ekwueme, B.N. and Akpeke, G.B. (2014). Reserve estimation of barite deposits using geological and geophysical investigations in Cross River State, South Eastern Nigerian, Journal of Environment and Earth Science 4(8):18-38.

Oden, M.I. 2012. Baryte veins in the Benue Trough: field characteristics, the quality issue and some tectonic implications. Environment and Natural Resources Research 2(2): 21 – 31.

Offodile, M.E. 1976. The geology of the Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria, Ph.D Thesis, University of Uppsala, 4:22-136.

Offodile, M.E. 1980. A mineral survey of the Cretaceous of the Benue Valley, Nigeria, Cretaceous Research 1: 101-124.

Olusegu, F., Yaya, I. and Jude, E. 2015. Characterizing barite from Bukkuyum local government area of Zamfara state of Nigeria, using Empyrean diffractometer DY 674 (2010) for XRD phase analysis of the powdered sample. World Academic Research Journals 1(2): 6-9.

Omada, J.I. and Ike, E.C. 1996. On the economic appraisal of the baryte mineralization and saline springs in the Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria. Journal of Mining Petrology and Economic Geology 91: 109-115.

Oyawoye, A. 1972. The Basement Complex of Nigeria. In Dessuvagie et al. (Eds). African Geology, Nigeria. Pp. 67-99.

Petters, S.W. and Ekweozor, C.M. 1982. Origin of Cretaceous black shales in the Benue Trough Nigeria. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 40: 311-319.

Petters, S.W., Nyong, E.E., Akpan E.B. and Essien N.U. 1995. Lithostratigraphic revision for the Calabar Flank. 31st Conference of Nigerian Mining and Geosciences Society, Abstract, p. 54.

Rahaman, A.A., Ukpong, E.E. and Azmatullah, M.(1981. Geology of parts of the Oban Massif, Southeastern Nigeria. Journal of Mining Geology 18(1):52-59.

Stark, J., Lee, J., Nguyen, C., Tehrani, A. and Young, S. 2014. Extending API-Grade Barite, AADE-14-FTCE-58, American Association of Drilling Engineers Fluids Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, 1-14.

Thrush, P.W. 1968. A dictionary of mining, mineral and related terms: U.S. Bureau of Mines, (ed) 1049.

Zaborski, P.M. 1998. A review of the Cretaceous system in Nigeria. Africa Geosciences Review 5: 385-483.

Zaborski, P.M. 2000. The Cretaceous and Paleocene transgressions in Nigeria and Niger. Journal of Mining and Geology 26: 153-173.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By