Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

M F Anshari
Brawijaya University
Indonesia

Postgraduate student

A A R Fernandes
2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Indonesia

Staff

E Arisoesilaningsih
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Indonesia

Senior Lecurer

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Comparing seeds germination of some local plant species on two hydroseeding mulches for post mining revegetation

M F Anshari, A A R Fernandes, E Arisoesilaningsih
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 1103-1110  
Viewed : 302 times

Abstract


The aims of this study were to determine seed germination rate of some local plant species in two hydroseeding mulches containing different tackifier concentration, as well as to determine the optimal hydroseeding mulch media composition for germinating seeds. This study used seeds of 13 local plant species: two species of Cyperaceae (Cyperus brevifolius, C. javanicus), five species of Leguminosae (Cajanus cajan, Crotalaria pallida, Sesbania grandiflora, S. sesban, Tephrosia purpurea), and six species of Poaceae (Eleusine indica, Paspalum conjugatum, Sorghum timorense, S. bicolor, Sporobolus indicus, Themeda arundinaceae). Two hydroseeding mulch media with different tackifier composition were mixed with seeds of each species and then sowed in pots. Each treatment was repeated three times. Moistened cotton wool was used as control and comparative media for observing seed viability. Seed germination in mulch media was observed during 13 days. The results showed that only 8 of 13 species could be germinated: S. indicus, S. timorense, T. arundinaceae, C. cajan, C. pallida, S. grandiflora, S. sesban, and T. purpurea. The highest germination rate was shown by S. sesban (67%) in M2 medium and the lowest one was shown by T. arundinaceae (2%) in both media. The fastest germination time was recorded for C. pallida and S. sesban seeds that germinated in 2 days after sowing (DAS) in both media, while S. timorense and T. arundinaceae seeds showed the lowest ones in 11 DAS. The fluid M1 medium was optimal for seeds germination of S. sesban (50%) and S. grandiflora (35%), while the thicker M2 medium was optimal for seeds germination of S. sesban (67%) and S. timorense (50%) in 13 DAS. The maximum germination rate was generally reached in 11 DAS.

Keywords


germination rate; hydroseeding; mulch; seed

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albaladejo-Montoro, J., Alvarez-Rogel, J., Querejeta, J., Diaz, E. and Castillo, V. 2000. Three hydroseeding revegetation techniques for soil erosion control on anthropic steep slopes. Land Degradation and Development 11:315-325.

Azalia, D., Retnaningdyah, C. and Arisoesilaningsih, E. 2016. Germination of seeds of some local pioneer plant species in different hydroseeding mulches for revegetation of post-coal mining soil. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 3(4):609-615.

Baiti, R.N. and Arisoesilaningsih, E. 2015. Reclamation of post coal mining using hydroseeding involving seeds of some local Papilionaceae. Jurnal Biotropika 3(1):36-41.

Cereno, M.M., Tan, F.J. and. Uy, F.A.A. 2011. Combined hydroseeding and coconet reinforcement for soil erosion control. Soil Erosion Studies. InTech.

Dan, T.H. and Brix, H. 2007. The influence of temperature, light, salinity and seed pre-treatment on the germination of Sesbania sesban seeds. African Journal of Biotechnology 6(19):2231-2235.

Devi, B. and Prayogo, D. 2013. Mining and development in Indonesia: an overview of the regulatory framework and policies. Action Research Report. International Mining for Development Center, Brisbane.

Gairola, K.C., Nautiyal, A.R. and Dwivedi, A.K. 2011. Effect of temperature and germination media on seed germination of Jatropha curcas Linn. Advances in Bioresearch 2(2):66-71.

Gasque, M. and García-Fayos, G. 2003. Seed dormancy and longevity in Stipa tenacissima L. (Poaceae). Plant Ecology 168:279-290.

Hu, X.W., Wu, Y.P., Ding, X.Y., Zhang, R., Wang, Y.R., Baskin, J.M. and Baskin, C.C. 2014. Seed dormancy, seedling establishment and dynamics of the soil seed bank of Stipa bungeana (Poaceae) on the Loess Plateau of Northwestern China. PloS One 9(11): e112579.

Kader, M.A., Senge, M., Mojid, M.A. and Ito, K. 2017. Recent advances in mulching materials and methods for modifying soil environment. Soil and Tillage Research 168:155-166.

Kak, A., Devi, L.C., Gupta, V. and Singh, N. 2007. Response of seed treatments on seed germination in wild Crotalaria species. Acta Horticulturae 752:261-265.

Khan, A.R., Khan, M.J., Yousaf, A., Baloch, N.U., Fatima, M. and Shaheen, G. 2014. Seed size variation and its effect on seed germination and growth rate in Poaceae. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research 26(1):6-10.

Kilowasid, L.M.H., Herlina, Syaf, H., Safuan, L.O., Tufaila, M., Leomo, S. and Widiawan, B. 2015. Engineering of soil biological quality from nickel mining stockpile using two earth worm ecological groups. Journal of Degraded Mining Lands Management 2(3):361-367.

Maas, D. 1989. Germination characteristics of some plant species from calcareous fens in southern Germany and their implications for the seed bank. Holarctic Ecology 12:337-344.

Martinez-Ruiz, C., Fernandez-Santos, B., Putwain, P.D. and Fernandez-Gomez, M.J. 2007. Natural and man-induced revegetation on mining wastes: changes in the floristic composition during early succession. Ecological and Engineering 30:286-294.

Matsushima, K. and Sakagami, J. 2013. Effects of seed hydropriming on germination and seedling vigor during emergence of rice under different soil moisture conditions. American Journal of Plant Species 4:1584-1593.

Miransari, M. and Smith, D.L. 2014. Plant hormones and seed germination. Environmental and Experimental Botany 99:110-121.

Naikawadi, V.B. 2016. Seed germination of important medicinal plant Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.), Pers. International Research Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences 3(8):186-207.

Odeny, D.A. 2007. The potential of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) in Africa. Natural Resources Forum 31:297-305.

Oliveira, G., Clemente, A., Nunes, A. and Correia, O. 2013. Limitations to recruitment of native species in hydroseeding mixtures. Ecological Engineering 57:18-26.

Oliveira, G., Nunes, A., Clemente, A. and Correia, O. 2012. Testing germination of species for hydroseeding degraded Mediterranean areas. Restoration Ecology 20(5):623-630.

Patil, S.S. and Krishna, A. 2016. Influence of seed moisture content on seed germination and quality in Canes. Journal of Plant Science and Research 3(2):156.

Purwantoro, R.S. 2016. Short communication: effect of growing media on seed germination and seedling growth of Aganope heptaphylla (Leguminosae). Nusantara Bioscience 8(2):150-154.

PwC Indonesia, 2017. Mining in Indonesia: investment and taxation guide. PricewaterhouseCoopers Indonesia. https://www.pwc.com/id/en/energy-utilities-mining/assets/May%202016/PwC%20Indonesia-mining-in-Indonesia-survey-2016.pdf. Accessed on 18th October 2017.

Rahma, A.F. and Arisoesilaningsih, E. 2015. Growth of pioneer grasses in monoculture and polyculture systems of hydroseeding applied in a coal mining tailing from the South Kalimantan. Jurnal Biotropika 3(2):33-36.

Razmi, Z., Hamidi, R. and Pirasteh-Anosheh, H. 2013. Seed germination and seedling growth of three sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) genotypes as affected by low temperatures. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences 2(20):851-856.

Shaban, M. 2013. Study on some aspects of seed viability and vigor. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research 1(12):1692-1697.

Shreelalitha, S.J., Sridhar, K.R. and Sukesh, S. 2015. Seed dormancy and germination in two wild genotypes of Sesbania of the southwest mangroves in India. International Journal of Agricultural Technology 11(4):895-902.

Singh, F. and Oswalt, D.L. 1992. Pigeonpea botany and production practices. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Skousen, J. and C.E. Zipper. 2010. Revegetation species and practices. Virginia Cooperative Extension 460-122.

Sudarmadji, T. and Hartati, W. 2016. The process of rehabilitation of mined forest lands toward degraded forest ecosystem recovery in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 17(1):185-191.

Sy, A., Grouzis, M. and Danthu, P. 2001. Seed germination of seven Sahelian legume species. Journal of Arid Environments 49(4):875-882.

Tang, J., Busso, C.A., Jiang, D., Wang, Y., Wu, D., Musa, A., Miao, R. and Miao, C. 2016. Seed burial depth and soil water content affect seedling emergence and growth of Ulmus pumila var. sabulosa in the Horqin Sandy Land. Sustainability 8(68):1-10.

Wu, G. and Du, G. 2007. Germination is related to seed mass in grasses (Poaceae) of the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Nordic Journal of Botany 25:361-365.

Yulianingsih, D. and Arisoesilaningsih, E. 2015. Application of some hydroseeding mulches for pioneer sedge seeds germination in post mining soil from South Kalimantan. Jurnal Biotropika 3(1):27-31.

Żukowski, W., Bogdanowicz, A.M. and Lembicz, M. 2010. Seed germination in sedges: a short review. Biodiversity Research and Conservation 19:15-22.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By