Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

Abdullah Taufiq
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI)


Andy Wijanarko
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI)


Afandi Kristiono
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (ILETRI)


Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Journal Content


Effect of mulching and amelioration on growth and yield of groundnut on saline soil

Abdullah Taufiq, Andy Wijanarko, Afandi Kristiono
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 945-954  
Viewed : 102 times


Agricultural lands affected by salt facing complex problems associated with soil salinity and the toxicity effects of Na cation. Soil amelioration and mulching is an alternative to alleviate negative effect of salinity. Objective of research was to identify effective ameliorant, and effect of mulching in improving growth and yield of groundnut on saline soil. The research had been conducted on saline soil (soil EC 12 dS/m) in Lamongan during dry season of 2016, using Hypoma 2 cultivar. Treatments that consisted of two factors were arranged in a split plot design with three replicates. The main plot was mulching (without mulching and mulching with 3.5 t/ha of rice straw), and the sub plot was soil ameliorations (control, 120 kg/ha K2O, 750 kg/ha S, 5 t/ha gypsum, 5 t/ha manure, and 1.5 t/ha of gypsum + 5 t/ha manure). Results showed that mulching, and amelioration with 120 kg/ha K2O, 750 kg/ha S, 5 t/ha gypsum decreased soil EC, but could not improve groundnut growth and could not retard chlorophyll degradation because the soil was EC still high (12.5 dS/m). The higher yield (1.49 t/ha dry pods) can be obtained by amelioration with 750 kg sulphur/ha combined with mulching


amelioration; groundnut; mulching, salinity

Full Text:



Abou-Baker, N.H., Abd-Eladl M. and Mohsen M. Abbas. 2011.Use of Silicate and Different Cultivation Practices in Alleviating Salt Stress Effect on Bean Plants. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Science. 5(9):769-781.

Alharbi, A. 2015.Effect of mulch on soil properties under organic farming conditions in center of Saudi Arabia. Journal of American Science. 11(1):108-115.

Chaum, S., Y. Pokasombat, and C. Kirdmanee. 2011. Remediation of salt-affected soil by gypsum and farmyard manure − Importance for the production of Jasmine rice. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 5(4):458-465.

da Silveira, K.R., M.R. Ribeiro, L.B. de Oliveira, R.J. Heck, and R.R. da Silveira. 2008. Gypsum-saturated water to reclaim alluvial saline sodic and sodic soils. Science of Agriculture 65(1):69-76.

Dabuxilatu and M. Ikeda'. 2005. Interactive Effect of Salinity and Supplemental Calcium Application on Growth and Ionic Concentration of Soybean and Cucumber Plants. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 61(4):549-555.

Dong, H. 2012. Technology and field management for controlling soil salinity effects on cotton. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 6(2):333-341.

Erfandi, D and A. Rachman. 2011. Identification of soil salinity due to seawater intrusion on rice field in the Northern Coast of Indramayu, West Java. Journal of Tropical Soils 16(2):115-121.

Eviati dan Sulaeman. 2009. Analisa kimia tanah, tanaman, air dan pupuk (Chemical Analysis of Soil, Plant, Water and Fertilizer). Edisi ke-2. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Badan Litbang Pertanian. 246 p. (In Indonesia).

Grattan, S.R. and C.M. Grieve. 1999. Salinity-mineral nutrient relations in horticultural crops. Scientia. Horticulturae. 78: 127-157.

Hazelton, P and B. Murphy. 2007. Interpreting Soil Test Results: What Do All the Numbers Mean?. CSIRO Pub., Austria. 160pp.

Hossain, Md A., Md. Ashrafuzzaman and M. Razi Ismail. 2011. Salinity triggers proline synthesis in peanut leaves. Maejo International Journal Science Technology. 5(01):159-168.

Iskandar, T and Chairunas. 2008. Palawija production in tsunami-affected soils in the Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. P. 109-113. In F. Agus and G. Tinning (eds). Proceeding of International. Workshop on Post Tsunami Soil Management.180 pages.

Joachim, H.J.R.M and H. Verplancke. 2010. Effect of gypsum placement on the physical chemical properties of a saline sandy loam soil. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 4(7):556-563.

Jones, J.B. 2002. Agronomic Handbook: Management of crops, soil, and their fertility. CRC Press, New York. 450 pp.

Jouyban, Z. 2012. The Effects of Salt stress on plant growth. Technical Journal Enginering and Applied Science. 2(1):7-10.

Kabir, M.E., M.A. Karim, and M.A.K. Azad. 2004. Effect of potassium on salinity tolerance of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilcazek). Journal of Biology Science. 4(2):103-110.

Kahlon, U.Z., G. Murtaza, and A. Ghafoor. 2012. Amelioration of saline-sodic soil with amendments using brackish water, canal water and their combination. International Journal of Agriculture Biology 14(1):38-46.

Kopittke, P.M. 2012. Interactions between Ca, Mg, Na and K: alleviation of toxicity in saline solutions. Plant Soil 352:353–362.

Kristiono, A. dan A. Taufiq. 2014. Toleransi varietas kacang tanah terhadap cekaman salinitas pada fase perkecambahan. Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang dan Umbi. Hlm 634-642. (In Indonesia)

Kronzucker, H.J., M.W. Szczerba, M. Moazami-Goudarzi and D. T. Britto.2006.The cytosolic Na+: K+ ratio does not explain salinity-induced growth impairment in barley: a dual-tracer study using 42K+ and 24Na+. Plant, Cell and Environment 29: 2228-2237.

Kusmiyati, F., Sumarsono, dan Karno. 2014. Pengaruh perbaikan tanah salin terhadap karakter fisiologis Calopogonium mucunoides. Pastura 4 (1):1-6. (In Indonesia)

Marwanto, S., A. Rachman, D. Erfandi, dan I.G.M. Subiksa. 2009. Tingkat salinitas tanah pada lahan sawah intensif di Kabupaten Indramayu, Jawa Barat. Hlm. 175-190. In U. Kurnia, F. Agus, D. Setyorini, dan A. Setiyanto (eds). Proseding Seminar Nasional Multifungsi dan Konversi Lahan Pertanian. Balai Penelitian Tanah, Bogor. 238 hlm.(In Indonesia)

Mensah, J.K., P. A. Akomeah, B. Ikhajiagbe and E. O. Ekpekurede. 2006. Effects of salinity on germination, growth and yield of five groundnut genotypes. African Journal of Biotech. 5(20):1973-1979.

Mungala, A. J., T. Radhakrishnan, and J.R.D. Junagadh. 2008. In vitro screening of 123 Indian peanut cultivars for sodium chloride induced salinity tolerance. World Journal of Agriculture Science. 4(5):574-582.

Murtaza, G., B. Murtaza, H.M. Usman, and A. Ghafoor. 2013. Amelioration of saline-sodic soil using gypsum and low quality water in following sorghum-berseem crop rotation. International Journal of Agriculture Biology. 15(4):640-648.

Nawaz, K., H. Khalid, M. Abdul, K. Farah, A. Shahid and A. Kazim. 2010. Fatality of salt stress to plants: Morphological, physiological and biochemical aspects. review. African Journal of Biotech. 9(34):5475-5480.

Nazar, R., N. Iqbal, A. Masood, Sh. Syeed, and N.A. Khan. 2011. Understanding the significance of sulfur in improving salinity tolerance in plants. Environment and Experimental Botany. 70:80–87.

Niazi, B.H., B. Zaman, M. Salim, And M. Athar. 2007. Growth response, water relations and K/Na ratio in wheat under sodium and calcium interactions. Journal Applied Science Environmental Management 11(1):47-50.

Nithila S., Durga Devi D., Velu G., Amutha R. and Rangaraju G. 2013. Physiological Evaluation of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaeaL.) Varieties for Salt Tolerance and Amelioration for Salt Stress. Research Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Science. 1(11, December):1-8.

Nokandeh, S.E., M. A. Mohammadian, B. Damsi, and M. Jamalomidi. 2015. The effect of salinity on some morphological and physiological characteristics of three varieties of (Arachis hypogaea L.). International Journal of Advanced Biotechnology and Research. 6(4):498-507.

Nokandeh, S.E., M.A mohammadian, B. Damsi, and M. Jamalomidi2015.The effect of salinity on some morphological and physiological haracteristics of three varieties of (Arachis hypogaea L.). International Journal of Advanced Biotech. and Research. 6(4):498-507.

Papadakis, I.E., G. Veneti, C. Chatzissavvidis, Th.E. Sotiropoulos, K.N. dimassiand I.N. therios. 2007. Growth, mineral composition, leaf chlorophyll and water relationships of two cherry varieties under NaCl-induced salinity stress. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 53:252–258.

Putra, E.T.S., D. Indradewa. 2011. Perubahan Iklim dan Ketahanan Pangan Nasional. tanggal 20 Juli 2015.(In Indonesia)

Rachman, A., I.G.M. Subiksa, D. Erfandi, and P. Slavich. 2008. Dynamics of tsunami-affected soil properties. P. 51-64. In F. Agus and G. Tinning (eds). Proceeding of International Workshop on Post Tsunami Soil Management.180 pp.

Radwan, S.M.A. and N. M. Awad. 2002. Effect of soil amendment with various organic wastes with multi-biofertilizer on yield of peanut plants in sandy soil. Journal of Agriculture Science of Mansoura Univ. 27(5):3129-3138.

Roy, K. Sasada, K. Kohno, and Eiichi. 2014. Salinity status of the 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami affected agricultural lands in Northeast Japan. International Soil and Water Conservation Research. 2(2):40-50.

Salwa, A.R. Hammad, Kh. A. Shaban and M.F. Tantawy. 2010. Studies on Salinity Tolerance of Two Peanut Cultivars in Relation to Growth, Leaf Water Content. Some Chemical Aspects and Yield. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 6(10):1517-1526.

Sembiring, H., A. Gani and T. Iskandar. 2008. Implications of salinity research in Aceh for indonesian rice growing. P. 97-108. In F. Agus and G. Tinning (eds). Proceeding. of International Workshop on Post Tsunami Soil Management.180 pages.

Smith, A.P., D. Chen, and P.M. Chalk, 2009. N2 fixation by faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in a gypsum-amended sodic soil. Biology, Fertilizer and Soil 45:329-333.

Swarup, A. 2013. Sustainable management of salt-affected soils and poor-quality of ground waters for enhanching crop production. P 327-334. In S.A. Shahid et al. (eds). Development in Soil Salinity Assesment and Reclamation: Innovative Thinking and Use of Marginal soil and Water Resources in Irrigated Agriculture. Springer Sci. And Busines, Dordrecht. 801 pages.DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-5684-7.

Taufiq, A., A. Kristiono dan D. Harnowo. 2015. Respon Varietas Unggul Kacang Tanah terhadap Cekaman Salinitas. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 34 (2):153-164.

Taufiq, A., A.Wijanarko, A. Kristiono. 2016. Effect of amelioration on growth and yield of two groundnut varieties on saline soil. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management 3 (4, July 2016): 639-647.

Tester, M and R. Davenport. 2003. Na+ tolerance and Na+ transport in higher plants. Annals of Botany 91:503–527.

Wang, Y., D. Xiao, Yan Li and Xiaoyu Li. 2008. Soil salinity evolution and its relationship with dynamics of groundwater in the oasis of inland river basins: case study from the Fubei region of Xinjiang Province, China. Environmental Monitoring Assessment. 140:291-302. DOl 10.1007/s l0661-007-9867-z

Xing, W., J. Wang, H. Liu, D. Zou, and H. Zhao. 2013. Influence of natural saline-alkalistress on chlorophyll content and chloroplast ultrastructure of two contrasting rice (Oryza sativa L. japonica) cultivars. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 7(2):289-292.

Yadav, S., I. Mohammad, A. Aqi, and H. Shamsul. 2011. Causes of Salinity and Plant Manifestations to Salt Stress: A review. Journal Environment Biology 32: 667-685.

Zhang, Q.T., M. Inoue, K. Inosako, M. Irshad, K. Kondo, Guo Yu Qiu, and Shi Ping

Wang. 2008. Ameliorative effect of mulching on water use efficiency of Swiss chard and salt accumulation under saline irrigation. Journal of Food, Agriculture.and Environment. 6(3&4):480-485.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed By