Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Author

B M Kumar
Kerala Agricultural University
India

Professor

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Journal Content

Browse

Mining waste contaminated lands: an uphill battle for improving crop productivity

B M Kumar
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 43-50  
Viewed : 286 times

Abstract


Mining drastically alters the physico-chemical and biological environment of the landscape. Low organic matter content, unfavourable pH, low water holding capacity, salinity, coarse texture, compaction, siltation of water bodies due to wash off of mineral overburden dumps, inadequate supply of plant nutrients, accelerated erosion, acid generating materials, and mobilization of contaminated sediments into the aquatic environment are the principal constraints experienced in mining contaminated sites. A variety of approaches have been considered for reclaiming mine wastes including direct revegetation of amended waste materials, top soiling, and the use of capillary barriers. The simplest technology to improve crop productivity is the addition of organic amendments. Biosolids and animal manure can support revegetation, but its rapid decomposition especially in the wet tropics, necessitates repeated applications. Recalcitrant materials such as “biochars”, which improve soil properties on a long term basis as well as promote soil carbon sequestration, hold enormous promise. An eco-friendly and cost-effective Microbe Assisted Phytoremediation system has been proposed to increase biological productivity and fertility of mine spoil dumps. Agroforestry practices may enhance the nutrient status of degraded mine spoil lands (facilitation). N-fixing trees are important in this respect. Metal tolerant ecotypes of grasses and calcium-loving plants help restore lead, zinc, and copper mine tailings and gypsum mine spoils, respectively. Overall, an integrated strategy of introduction of metal tolerant plants, genetic engineering for enhanced synthesis and exudation of natural chelators into the rhizosphere, improvement of rhizosphere, and integrated management including agroforestry will be appropriate for reclaiming mining contaminated lands.


Keywords


agroforestry; biochars; mining sites; organic amendments; phytoremediation; revegetation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achterberg, E.P., Herzl, V.M.C., Braungardt C.B. and Millward G.E. 2003. Metal behaviour in an estuary polluted by acid mine drainage: The role of particulate matter. Environmental Pollution 121:283–292.

Adriano, D.C. and Weber, J.T. 2001. Influence of fly ash on soil physical properties and turfgrass establishment. Journal of Environmental Quality 30:596–601.

Anderson, C.W.N., Brooks, R.R., Stewart, R.B. and Simcock R. 1998. Harvesting a crop of gold in plants. Nature 395:553–554.

Anderson, D.L., Snyder, G.H. and Martin, F.G. 1991. Multi-year response of sugarcane to calcium silicate slag on Everglade histosols. Agronomy Journal 83:870–874.

Aubertin, M., Cifuentes, E., Apithy, S.A., Bussière B., Molson J. and Chapuisa R.P. 2009. Analyses of water diversion along inclined covers with capillary barrier effects. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 46: 1146–1164.

Bakken, A.K., Gautneb, H., Sveistrup, T. and Myhr, K. 2000. Crushed rocks and mine tailings applied as K fertilizers on grassland. Nutrient Cycle in Agroecosystem 56:53–57.

Banda, P.M. 1995. Environmental Management in the Mineral Sector in Zambia. Proceedings of 1995 international conference on industrial minerals: Investment Opportunities in Southern Africa, Mambwe, S H, Simukanga, S, Sikazwe, O N and Kamona, F (eds). 7–9 June 1995, Pomadzi Hotel Lusaka.

Bellitto, M.W., Williams, H.T. and Ward, J.N. 1999. Application of ameliorative and adaptive approaches to revegetation of historic high altitude mining wastes. In: Bengson S.A. and Bland D.M. (ed.). Proc. 16th Ann. Meeting of the Am. Soc. for Surface Mining and Reclamation. Am. Soc. for Surface Mining and Reclamation, Scottsdale, AZ. pp 165–174.

Boon, D.Y. 1986. Identification and handling of acid materials. In M.A. Schuster and R.H. Zuck (ed.) Proc. High Altitude Revegetation Workshop no. 7. Colorado State Univ. Info. Ser. 58. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, pp 49–65.

Bowen, C.K., Olson, R.A., Schuman, G.E. and Ingram L.J. 2002. Long-term plant community responses to topsoil replacement depth on reclaimed mined land. Paper was presented at the National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Lexington KY, 9–13 June 2002. Published by ASMR, 3134 Montavesta Rd., Lexington, KY 40502, pp 130–140.

Braungardt, C.B., Achterberg, E.P., Elbaz-Poulichet, F. and Morley, N.H. 2003. Metal geochemistry in a mine-polluted estuarine system in Spain. Applied Geochemistry 18:1757–1771.

Bungart, R. and Hüttl, R.F. 2004. Growth dynamics and biomass accumulation of 8-year-old hybrid poplar clones in a short-rotation plantation on a clayey-sandy mining substrate with respect to plant nutrition and water budget. European Journal of Forestry Research 123: 105–115.

Chan, K.Y., Van Zwieten, B.L., Meszaros, I., Downie, D. and Joseph, S. 2008. Using poultry litter biochars as soil amendments. Australian Journal of Soil Research 46: 437–444.

Chugh, Y.P., Deb, D. and Raju, C.B. 2000. Physical and engineering properties of coal combustion by-products. Proceedings of the use and disposal of coal combustion by-products at coal mines: A technical interactive forum. The National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia, 10–13 April 2000. Vories K.C. and Throgmorton D. (ed.). National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S.A, pp 26–33.

Darmody, R.G., Dunker, R.E. and Barnhisel, R.I. 2002. Reclamation of prime agricultural lands after coal surface mining: the Midwestern experience. National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Lexington KY, June 9–13, 2002. Published by ASMR, 3134 Montavesta Rd., Lexington, KY 40502, pp 900–915.

Dutta, R.K. and Agrawal, M. 2001. Litterfall, litter decomposition and nutrient release in five exotic plant species planted on coal mine spoils. Pedobiologia 45: 298–312.

Dutta, R.K. and Agrawal, M. 2002. Effect of tree plantations on the soil characteristics and microbial activity of coal mine spoil land. Tropical Ecology 43: 315–324.

Ebbs S.D., Lasat M.M., Brady D.J., Cornish R., Gordon R. and Kochian L.V. 1997. Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc from a contaminated soil. Journal of Environmental Quality 26:1424–1430.

FAO. 2010. The State of Food Insecurity in the World Addressing food insecurity in protracted crises. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 58p.

Ghosh, M. and Singh ,S.P. 2005. A review on phytoremediation of heavy metals and utilization of its byproducts. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 3: 1–18.

Ginneken, L.V., Meers, E., Guisson, R., Ruttens, A., Elst, K., Tack, F.M.G., Vangronsveld, J., Diels, L. and Dejonghe, W. 2007. Phytoremediation for heavy metal‐contaminated soils combined with bioenergy production, Journal of Environmental Enggineering and Landscape Management, 15: 227–236.

Ginocchio, R. 1998. Chile: Restoration challenges. Mineral Environmental Management. 6: 7–9.

Glaser B., Lehmann J. and Zech W. 2002. Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal: A review. Biology and Fertility of Soils 35: 219–230.

Gonzalez-Sangregorio, M.V., Trasar-Cepeda M.C., Leiros M.C., Gil-Sotres F. and Guitian-Ojea F. 1991. Early stages of lignite mine soil genesis: Changes in biochemical properties. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23: 589–595.

Grünewald, H., Brandt, B.K.V., Schneider, B.U., Bens, O., Kendzia, G. and Hüttl, R.F. 2007 Agroforestry systems for the production of woody biomass for energy transformation purposes. Ecological Engineering 29: 319–328.

Islami, T., Guritno, B., Basuki, N. and Suryanto, A. 2011. Biochar for sustaining productivity of cassava based cropping systems in the degraded lands of East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 49: 40–46.

Johnson, M.S., Cooke, J.A. and Stevenson, J.K. 1994. Revegetation of metalliferous wastes and land after metal mining. In: Mining and its Environmental Impact. Hester R.E. and Harrison R.M. (eds). Issues in Environmental Science and Technology, Royal Society of Chemistry, Letchworth, England, pp. 31–48.

Juwarkar, A.A. and Jambhulkar, H.P. 2008. Phytoremediation of coal mine spoil dump through integrated biotechnological approach. Bioresources Technology 99: 4732–4741.

Juwarkar, A.A. and Singh, S.K. 2010. Microbe-assisted phytoremediation approach for ecological restoration of zinc mine spoil dump. Internattional Journal of Environmental Pollution, 43:236–250.

Juwarkar, A.A., Yadav, S.K., Thawale, P.R., Kumar P., Singh S. K. and Chakrabarti T. 2009. Developmental strategies for sustainable ecosystem on mine spoil dumps: a case of study. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 157:471–481.

Juwarkar, A.S., Juwarkar, A., Pande, V.S. and Bal, I.S. 1992. Restoration of manganese mine spoil productivity through pressmud utilization. In R.K. Singhal, A.K. Malhotra and J.L. Collins (eds). Environmental Issue and Management of Waste Energy and Production. Brookfield: Balkema, pp. 827–830.

Kaye, J. P., Resh, S. C., Kaye, M. W. and Chimner, R. A. 2000. Nutrient and carbon dynamics in a replacement series of Eucalyptus and Albizia trees. Ecology 81 3267–3273

Khan, M.S., Zaidi, A., Wani, P.A. and Oves, M. 2009. Role of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in the remediation of metal contaminated soils. Environmental Chemistry Letters 7:1–19.

Kimaro, A.A. and Salifu, K.F. 2011. The effect of cover crop species on growth and yield response of tree seedlings to fertiliser and soil moisture on reclaimed sites. In: Mine Closure 2011. Fourie A.B., Tibbett M., and Beersing A. (eds) Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Perth, pp 37–46.

Kumar, B.M., Kumar, S.S. and Fisher, R.F. 1998. Intercropping teak with Leucaena increases tree growth and modifies soil characteristics. Agroforestry System 42: 81–89.

Lasat, M.M. 2000. Phytoextraction of metals from contaminated soil: a review of plant/soil/metalinteraction and assessment of pertinent agronomic issues. Journal of Hazardeous Substances Resesearch 2: 5-1 to 5-25.

Lehman, J., da Silva Jr., J.P., Steiner, C., Nehls, T., Zech, W. and Glaser, B. 2003. Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological Anthrosol and a Ferralsol of the Central Amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant Soil 249: 343–357.

Liang, B., Lehmann, J., Kinyangi, D., Grossman, J., O’Neill, B., Skjemstad, J.O., Thies, J., Luizao, F.J., Peterson, J. and Neves, E.G. 2006. Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70: 1719–1730.

Liao, B., Huang, L.N., Ye, Z.H., Lan, C.Y. and Shu, W.S. 2007. Cut-off net acid generation pH in predicting acid-forming potential in mine spoils. Journal of Environmental Quality 36:887–891

McFarland, M.L., Ueckert, D.N., Hons, F.M. and Hartmann S. 1994. Selective-placement burial of drilling-fluids—Effects on soil properties, buffalograss and fourwing saltbush after 4 years. Journal of Rangeland Management 47:475–480.

Moffat, A. J., Armstrong, A. T. and Ockleston, J. 2001. The optimization of sewage sludge and effluent disposal on energy crops of short rotation hybrid poplar. Biomass Bioenergy 20:161–169.

Molson, J., Aubertin, M., Bussière, B. and Benzaazoua, M. 2008. Geochemical transport modelling of drainage from experimental mine tailings cells covered by capillary barriers. Applied Geochemistry 23: 1–24.

Nair, P.K.R., Nair, V.D. Kumar, B.M. and Showalter, J.M. 2010. Carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems. Advance Agronomy 108: 237–307.

Nicks, L.J., and Chambers, M.F. 1995. Farming for metals? Mining Environmental Management 3: 15–18.

Oyler, J. 1988. Revegetation of metals contaminated site near a zinc smelter using sludge/fly ash amendments and herbaceous species. Trace Substances in Environmental Health 22: 306–320.

Parrotta, J.A. 1999. Productivity, nutrient cycling, and succession in single- and mixed-species plantations of Casuarina equisetifolia, Eucalyptus robusta, and Leucaena leucocephala in Puerto Rico. Forest Ecology and Management 124: 45–77.

Paschke, M.W., Redente, E.F. and Levy, D.B. 2000. Zinc toxicity thresholds for important reclamation grass species of the western United States. Environmental Toxicololy and Chemistry 19:2751–2756

Pederson, T.A., Rogowski, A.S. and Pennock, R. 1988. Physical characteristics of some mine spoils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 44: 131–140.

Prasad, M.N.V. and Freitas, M. De.O.H. 1999. Feasible biotechnological and bioremediation strategies for serpentine soils and mine spoils. EJB Electronic J. Biotechnol. 2.1, April 15, 1999. Available at http://www.ejb.org/content/vol2/issue1/full/5 (accessed 15 Jan 2012).

Prasad, M.N.V. and Hagemeyer, J. (eds) 1999. Heavy metal stress in plants - From molecules to ecosystems. Springer- Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, New York, 401p.

Quinkenstein, A., Böhm, C., Matos, E., Freese D., and Hüttl, R.F. 2011. Assessing the carbon sequestration in short rotation coppices of Robinia pseudoacacia L. on marginal sites in northeast Germany. In: Carbon sequestration potential of agroforestry systems: opportunities and challenges. Kumar, B.M. and Nair, P.K.R. (eds). Springer Science, The Netherlands, pp 201–216.

Redente, E.F. and Sydnor, R.S. 2005. Long-term plant community development on topsoil treatments overlying a phytotoxic growth medium. Paper was presented at the 2005 National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Breckenridge CO, June 19–23 2005. Published by ASMR, 3134 Montavesta Rd., Lexington, KY 40502, pp 963–975.

Oelmüller, R., Sherameti, I., Tripathi, S. and Varma, A. 2009. Piriformospora indica, a cultivable root endophyte with multiple biotechnological applications. Symbiosis 49: 1–17.

Robb, G.A. and Robinson, J.D.F. 1995. Acid drainage from mines. Geography Journal 161:47–54.

Rondon, M.A., Lehmann, J., Ramirez, J. and Hurtado, M. 2007. Biological nitrogen fixation by common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) increases with biochar additions. Biology and Fertility of Soils 43: 699–708.

Salomons, W. 1995. Environmental impact of metals derived from mining activities-processes, predictions, prevention. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 52: 5–23.

Schuman, G.E. and Power, J.F. 1980. Plant growth as affected by topsoil depth and quality on mined lands. In: Adequate Reclamation of Mined Lands? Symp. 26–27 Mar. 1980. Soil Conserv. Soc. of Am. and WRCC-21, Billings, MT. pp. 6–1 to 6–9.

Sheoran, V. and Sheoran, A.S. 2009. Reclamation of abandoned mine land. Journal of Mining and Metallurgy 45 A (1): 13–32.

Singh, A., Jha, A.K. and Singh, J.S. 2000. Effect of nutrient enrichment on native tropical trees planted on Singrauli Coalfields, India. Restoration Ecology 8: 80–86.

Smith, P.L., Redente, E.F. and Hooper, E. 1987. Soil organic matter. In Reclaiming Mine Soils and Overburden in the Western United States: Analytical Parameters and Procedures. R.D. Williams and G.E. Schuman (eds.). Soil Conservation Society of America, Akeny, IA, pp. 185–214.

Stehouwer, R.C. 1997. Amendment of acidic coal refuse with yard waste compost and alkaline materials: Effects on leachate quality and plant growth. Compost Science and Utilization 5:81–92.

Stehouwer, R.C., Dick, W.A. and Sutton, P. 1999. Acidic soil amendment with a magnesium-containing fluidized bed combustion by-product. Agronomy Journal 91:24–32.

Stolt, M.H., Baker, J.C., Simpson, T.W., Martens, D.C., McKenna, J.R. and Fulcher, J.R. 2001. Physical reconstruction of mine tailings after surface mining mineral sands from prime agricultural land. Soil Science 166: 29–37.

Tordoff, G.M., Baker, A.J.M. and Willis, A.J. 2000. Current approaches to the revegetation and reclamation of metalliferous mine wastes. Chemosphere 41: 219–228.

Trlica, M.J., Brown, L.F., Jackson, C.L. and Jones, J. 1995. Depth of soil over molybdenum tailing as it affects plant cover, production, and metal uptake. In W.R. Keammerer and W.G. Hassell (ed). Proc. High Altitude Revegetation Workshop, no. 11. Colorado State Univ. Info. Ser. 80. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, pp. 119–145.

UNIDO. 2007. The Artisanal Gold Mining: Case study of mercury and cyanide in Ecuador. Technical report: Based on the work of Mr. Patricio C. Velasquez L. United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna, 69p.

van Straaten, P. 2002. Rocks for Crops: Agrominerals of Sub-Saharan Africa. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya, 338p.

Walker, L.R. and Willig, M.R. 1999. An introduction to terrestrial disturbances. In Ecosystems of disturbed ground. Ecosystems of the World. Walker L. (ed.). Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 1–16.

Wong, M.H. 2003. Ecological restoration of mine degraded soils, with emphasis on metal contaminated soils. Chemosphere 50: 775–780.

Yamato, M., Okimori, Y., Wibowo, I.F., Anshori, S. and Ogawa, M. 2006. Effects of the application of charred bark of Acacia mangium on the yield of maize, cowpea and peanut, and soil chemical properties in South Sumatra, Indonesia. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 52: 489–495.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2013 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#privacyStatement

Indexed By