Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
Email the author (Login required)
About The Authors

I Wahyudi
Tadulako University, Central Sulawesi
Indonesia

Senior Lecturer

E Handayanto
IRC MEDMIND, Brawijaya University
Indonesia

Professor

User
Information for Author
Visitor Statistic

Journal Content

Browse

The potential of legume tree prunings as organic matters for improving phosphorus availability in an acid soil

I Wahyudi, E Handayanto
  J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage. , pp. 259-266  
Viewed : 210 times

Abstract


A study that was aimed to elucidate roles of Gliricidia sepium and Tithonia diversifolia prunings and their extracted humic and fulvic acids on improving phosphorus availability and decreasing aluminum concentration in an Ultisol was conducted in a glasshouse. Thirteen treatments consisting of two prunings, six rates of pruning application (5, 7.5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 t/ha) and one control (no added prunings) were arranged in a randomized block design with four replicates. Each mixture of prunings and soil was placed in a pot containing 8 kg of soil and maize of Srikandi cultivar was grown on it for 45 days. At harvest, soil pH, P content and aluminium concentration were measured. Results of the glasshouse experiment showed that application of Gliricidia and Tithonia prunings significantly increased soil pH, reduced Alo concentration, increased Alp content, increased P availability, and increased P taken up by maize grown for 45 days. The optimum rate of both Gliricidia and Tithonia pruning should be 40 t/ha. However, at the same rate, optimum production gained by Tithonia would be higher than that of Gliricidia.


Keywords


acid soil; legume trees; phosphorus; prunings

Full Text:

Untitled () PDF

References


Appelt, H., Coleman, N.T. and Pratt, P.F. 1975. Interaction between organic compounds, mineral and ions in volcanic ash derived soils. II. Effects of organic compounds on the adsorption of phosphate. Soil Science Society of America Proceeding 39: 623-630.

Bates, T.R. and Lynch, J.P. 2001. Root hairs confer a competitive advantage under low phosphorus availability. Plant and Soil 236: 243-250.

Hairiah, K., Widianto., Utami, S.R., Suprayogo, D., Sunaryo., Sitompul, S.M., Lusiana, B., Mulia, R., van Noordwijk, M. dan Cadish, G. 2000. Pengelolaan Tanah Masam Secara Biologi: Refleksi Pengalaman dari Lampung Utara. ICRAF.

Hue, N.V., Craddock, G.R. and Adams, F. 1986. Effect of organic acids on aluminium toxicity in subsoil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 50: 28-34

Jufri, J. 1999. Peningkatan Ketersediaan P Oleh Beberapa Macam Bahan Organik Pada Ultisol. Tesis S2 PPS Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia.

Lindsay, W. L. 1979. Chemical Equilibrium in Soils. John Wiley & Sons. New York.

Minardi, S., Suntoro, Syekhfani. dan Handayanto, E. 2007a. Peran asam humat dan fulvat dari bahan organik dalam pelepasan P terjerap pada Andisol. Agrivita 29: 15-22

Minardi, S., Suntoro, Syekhfani. dan Handayanto, E. 2007b. Penggunaan macam bahan organik dengan kandungan total asam humat dan fulvat berbeda dan pupuk P terhadap ketersediaan dan serapan P pada tanaman jagung manis. Agrivita 29:131 – 137

Mokolobate, M.S. and Haynes, R.J. 2002. Increases in pH and soluble salts influence the effect that additions of organic residues have on concentrations of exchangeable and soil solution aluminium. European Journal of Soil Science 53: 481-489.

Notohadiprawiro, T. 2006. Budidaya Organik: Suatu Sistem Pengusahaan Lahan Bagi Keberhasilan Program Transmigrasi Pola Pertanian Lahan Kering. Repro: Ilmu Tanah UGM-Yogjakarta. h: 1-10.

Prasetyo, B.H. dan Suriadikarta, D.A. 2006. Karakteristik, potensi, danteknologi pengelolaan tanah ultisol untuk pengembangan pertanian lahan kering di Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 25 (4): 39-46.

Radjagukguk, B. 1983. Masalah Pengapuran Tanah Mineral Masam di Indonesia.

Sri Adiningsih, J., Sudjadi, M. and Setyorini, D. 1988. Overcoming soil fertility constraints in acid upland soils for food crop based farming systems in Indonesia. Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development Journal 10: 49 58.

Stevenson, F.J. 1994. Humus Chemistry: Genesis, Composition and Reaction.

Supriyadi. 2003. Studi Penggunaan Biomasa Tithonia diversifolia dan Tephrosia candida Untuk Perbaikan P dan Hasil Jagung (Zea mays L) di Andisol. Disertasi PPS Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia. 172 h.

Swift, M. J. and Sanchez, P.A. 1984. Biological management of tropical soil fertility for sustained productivity. Nature and Resources 20: 2 10.

Tan, K.H. 1998. Principles of Soil Chemistry. Marcel Dekker Inc., Madison, New York.

Wawan. 2002. Pengelolaan Subsoil Masam Untuk Peningkatan Produksi Tanaman Pangan. Makalah Falsafah Sains. PPS-IPB, Bogor.

Weil, R.R. and Magdof, F. 2004. Significance of soil organic matter to soil quality and health. In: Magdof, F. and Weil, R.R. (eds), Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture. pp 1-36.

Yusuf, W.A., Jumberi, A., Haris, A. dan Simatupang, R.S. 2004. Pengaruh pemberian pupuk organik terhadap fitotoksitas aluminium pada tanah masam. Jurnal Tanah Tropika 18: 109-115.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management

License URL: http://jdmlm.ub.ac.id/index.php/jdmlm/about/submissions#copyrightNotice

Indexed By